Some critical political philosophy that you should know

Posted by: | Posted on: September 13, 2017
អ្នកគួរគិតដល់ពាក្យពេជ្ររបស់លោកម៉ាទិន នឹមម៉ូឡើដែលនិយាយថា៖
ដំបូងពួកគេមករកអ្នកសង្គមនិយម ហើយខ្ញុំមិននិយាយស្តីអ្វីទេ-
ពីព្រោះខ្ញុំមិនមែនជាអ្នកសង្គមនិយម។
បន្ទាប់មកគេមករកសហជីបកម្មករ ហើយខ្ញុំមិននិយាយស្តីអ្វីទេ-
ពីព្រោះខ្ញុំមិនមែនជាអ្នកសហជីបកម្មករ។
បន្ទាប់មក គេមករកពួកយិវ ហើយខ្ញុំមិននិយាយស្តីអ្វីទេ-
ពីព្រោះខ្ញុំមិនមែនជាយិវ។
បន្ទាប់មកទៀត ពួកគេមករកខ្ញុំ – ហើយមិនមាននរណានៅសេសសល់និយាយស្តីអំពីខ្ញុំទេ។
បើយកមកប្រើសំរាប់បរិបទកម្ពុជា៖
ដំបូង ពួកគេមករកអ្នករាជានិយម ហើយខ្ញុំមិននិយាយស្តីអ្វីទេ –
ពីព្រោះខ្ញុំមិនមែនជាអ្នករាជានិយម។
បន្ទាប់មក ពួកគេមករកអ្នកការពារសិទ្ធិមនុស្ស ហើយខ្ញុំមិននិយាយស្តីអ្វីទេ-
ពីព្រោះខ្ញុំមិនមែនជាអ្នកការពារសិទ្ធិមនុស្ស។
បន្ទាប់មក ពួកគេមករកអ្នកសារពត៍មាន ហើយខ្ញុំមិននិយាយស្តីអ្វីទេ-
ពីព្រោះខ្ញុំមិនមែនជាអ្នកសារពត៍មាន។
បន្ទាប់មកទៀត ពួកគេបានមករកខ្ញុំ – ហើយមិនមាននរណាម្នាក់និយាយស្តីអំពីខ្ញុំទេ។
You should recall Martin Niemöller who said:
First they came for the Socialists, and I did not speak out—
Because I was not a Socialist.
 
Then they came for the Trade Unionists, and I did not speak out— 
Because I was not a Trade Unionist.
 
Then they came for the Jews, and I did not speak out— 
Because I was not a Jew.
Then they came for me—and there was no one left to speak for me.
Adapted for the Cambodian context:
First they came for the Royalists, and I did not speak out—
Because I was not a Royalist.
 
Then they came for the human rights defenders, and I did not speak out— 
Because I was not a human rights defender.
 
Then they came for the journalists, and I did not speak out— 
Because I was not a journalist.
Then they came for me—and there was no one left to speak out for me.
(Courtesy: Prof. Dr. Ear Sophal)
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The Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum Phnom Penh Cambodia, chronicling the Cambodian genocide. The site is a former high school which was used as the notorious Security Prison 21 (S-21) by the Khmer Rouge regime from its rise to power in 1975 to its fall in 1979. Tuol Sleng (Khmer means "Hill of the Poisonous Trees" or "Strychnine Hill". Tuol Sleng was one of at least 150 execution centers in the country, 20,000 prisoners were killed there. Pol Pot 1925 – 1998) Cambodian politician and revolutionary who led the Khmer Rouge from 1963 - 1997. General Secretary of the Communist Party of Kampuchea 1963 - 1981. He became the leader of Cambodia 17 April 1975, when his forces captured Phnom Penh. From 1976 to 1979, he also served as the Prime Minister of Democratic Kampuchea. He presided over a totalitarian dictatorship 1 to 3 million people (out of a population of slightly over 8 million) died due to the policies of his four-year premiership. This image could have imperfections as it’s either historical or reportage. Date taken: 19th December 2016 (Courtesy: alamy.com)

The Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum Phnom Penh Cambodia, chronicling the Cambodian genocide. The site is a former high school which was used as the notorious Security Prison 21 (S-21) by the Khmer Rouge regime from its rise to power in 1975 to its fall in 1979. Tuol Sleng (Khmer means “Hill of the Poisonous Trees” or “Strychnine Hill”. Tuol Sleng was one of at least 150 execution centers in the country, 20,000 prisoners were killed there. Pol Pot 1925 – 1998) Cambodian politician and revolutionary who led the Khmer Rouge from 1963 – 1997. General Secretary of the Communist Party of Kampuchea 1963 – 1981. He became the leader of Cambodia 17 April 1975, when his forces captured Phnom Penh. From 1976 to 1979, he also served as the Prime Minister of Democratic Kampuchea. He presided over a totalitarian dictatorship 1 to 3 million people (out of a population of slightly over 8 million) died due to the policies of his four-year premiership. This image could have imperfections as it’s either historical or reportage. Date taken: 19th December 2016 (Courtesy: alamy.com)

Here were the “Security Regulations” of this place:
1. You must answer accordingly to my questions. Do not turn them away.
2. Do not try to hide the facts by making pretexts of this and that. You are strictly prohibited to contest me.
3. Do not be a fool for you are a chap who dares to thwart the revolution.
4. You must immediately answer my questions without wasting time to reflect.
5. Do not tell me either about your immoralities or the revolution.
6. While getting lashes or electrification you must not cry at all.
7. Do nothing. Sit still and wait for my orders. If there is no order, keep quiet. When I ask you to do something. You must do it right away without protesting.
8. Do not make pretexts about Kampuchea Krom [the Cambodian term for ethnic Cambodians living in the south of Vietnam] in order to hide your jaw of traitor.
9. If you do not follow all the above rules, you shall get many lashes of electric wire.
10. If you disobey any point of my regulations you shall get either ten lashes or five shocks of electric discharge.