now browsing by month
Dear Respectful Members,
This thread is to express my deep sorry and frustration that because of what I mentioned about “PM Hun Sen didn’t appear in the group photo because he said he was at the toilet?” that made Louk Pu BA faced removing from the Campro group (link 1, link 2). Whatever reasons his removal is referred to, I think that, this action is just a paralleled “victims are victimized” conduction in Cambodia society.
Op-Ed: Geneva Switzerland
Item 2 General Debate
37th Session of the Human Rights Council
Geneva, March 21, 2018
The international community has provided strong support for the development of democracy in Cambodia during the twenty-five years since the Constitution of Cambodia enshrined liberal multi-party democracy. Over the intervening decades, we have applauded the progress Cambodia had made since the signing of the Paris Peace Agreements in 1991. Positive indictors included a relatively successful national election in 2013, and communal elections in 2017.
As we near the elections scheduled for 29 July this year, our previous optimism has been replaced by deep concern about the recent serious decline of civil and political rights in Cambodia. These backward steps include signs of escalating repression of the political opposition, civil society and media. We share the concerns highlighted by the High Commissioner and the Special Rapporteur about actions taken by the Cambodian government that will undermine the conduct of credible, free and fair elections in July. For the Cambodian Government to retain its legitimacy, any elections must be free, fair and credible.
International human rights treaties ratified by Cambodia and the Constitution of Cambodia guarantee, and the ASEAN Human Rights Declaration affirms the rights of freedom of expression, freedom of association, and of citizens to participate in government through free, fair and credible elections that are periodic and transparent. However, we note with particular concern that in recent months:
- There has been a significant clampdown on the press and civil society across the country, including the closure or suspension of several NGOs and independent media companies;
- The Cambodia National Rescue Party leader Kem Sokha was detained on 3 September 2017, and since then has been deprived of his rights including access to his lawyers, and the right to defend himself through legal assistance of his own choosing.
- The court’s continued unwillingness to release Kem Sokha on bail during judicial proceedings is of concern especially in light of his deteriorating health.
- The CNRP was dissolved by the Supreme Court on 16 November, 118 CNRP members were banned from political activity for five years, and the CNRP’s local and national seats were reallocated to unelected members of the ruling and other parties.
We are particularly concerned about the conditions under which opposition leader Kem Sokha is being detained following his arbitrary arrest: he is reportedly in isolation, without adequate access to health care, subjected to intrusive observation, and other conditions, such as constant light. We call for the immediate release of all political prisoners, including Kem Sokha.
We urge Cambodia to:
- Reinstate the CNRP and all elected members to their national and communal seats, and to
- Repeal the amendments to the Law on Political Parties which provided for expansive grounds for the dissolution of political parties.
An electoral process from which the main democratic opposition party has been arbitrarily excluded cannot be considered genuine or legitimate.
We call on the Royal Government of Cambodia to take all measures necessary, before it is too late, to ensure that the 2018 elections are free, fair and credible. In particular, we urge that the elections take place in a peaceful environment without threats, arbitrary arrests or acts of intimidation, and that all international human rights obligations important for successful elections, such as rights to freedom of expression, press, association and peaceful assembly, are respected, protected and fulfilled.
Further, we urge the Royal Government of Cambodia to refrain from using judicial, administrative and fiscal measures as political tools against the opposition, the media, civil society and human rights defenders and to further revise: the Law on Associations and NGOs (LANGO); the Law on Trade Unions; the Cambodian Criminal Code; and recent amendments to the Constitution. The political environment must be one in which opposition parties, civil society and media can function are able to carry out their legitimate roles without fear, threats or arbitrary restrictions.
We were heartened by the UN Special Rapporteur on Cambodia’s country visit that took place from 5-14 March. We strongly encourage the government of Cambodia to pay close attention to the Special Rapporteur’s recommendations from her recent visit. In this regard, we urge Cambodia to take all necessary measures to prevent and deter acts of intimidate and reprisals against those cooperating with the UN human rights mechanisms, including human rights defenders and other civil society actors. We stand ready to support the implementation of assistance that will strengthen Cambodia’s democratic systems.
We urge the continued attention of the international community to the current situation in Cambodia, and we will look to further consideration by the Human Rights Council if the human rights situation does not improve in the lead up to the elections in July. We encourage the High Commissioner for Human Rights to provide an update on the situation in Cambodia in an inter-sessional briefing ahead of the June session of the Human Rights Council.
As Cambodia continues along the path of development, we urge the government to fulfill human rights obligations and commitments, in furtherance of a genuine liberal multi-party democracy as envisaged in the Constitution of Cambodia for the benefit of all Cambodians.
Thank you Mr. President.
More report by Reuters
The Candidate Countries, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia[*], Montenegro* and Albania*, and the EFTA country Liechtenstein, member of the European Economic Area, align themselves with this statement.
As we celebrate the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights this year, the European Union reiterates its strong commitment to the promotion and protection of human rights, emphasizing the role of the HRC as an important early warning tool, and welcomes this opportunity to discuss human rights situations that require the Council’s attention. With regard to the situation in DPRK, Iran, Myanmar/Burma, Eritrea, Syria, Burundi and South Sudan we would like to refer to our statements during the respective interactive dialogues.
The EU remains deeply concerned about the continuing deterioration of the political and human rights situation in Cambodia and the escalating repression of the opposition, civil society and the media. The EU reiterates its call for the immediate release of opposition leader Kem Sokha. The enforced dissolution of the main opposition party (CNRP) is a significant step away from the path of pluralism and democracy enshrined in Cambodia’s constitution. The EU reiterates that an electoral process from which the main opposition party has been arbitrarily excluded is not legitimate. The EU reiterates its call for the swift reversal of the dissolution of the CNRP and for the reinstatement of all CNRP members of parliament and CNRP local counsellors. The EU also expects the government to allow civil society organisations to fulfil their legitimate role.
While acknowledging the progress made on a number of areas of social and economic rights in China, the EU is concerned about detentions and trials of human rights defenders and lawyers Wang Quanzhang, Li Yuhan, Huang Qi, Yu Wensheng, Wu Gan and Tashi Wangchuk. The EU urges China to release all detained human rights defenders and to thoroughly investigate reported cases of mistreatment and torture while in detention. The EU is also concerned about the continued detention of the Swedish citizen Gui Minhai. The EU demands that he be allowed to meet Swedish diplomatic and medical staff and that he be released. The EU calls upon China to respect the rights of freedom of expression offline and online, and of religion, as well as cultural diversity, not least in Tibet and Xinjiang.
The EU remains deeply concerned about the high number of killings associated with the campaign against illegal drugs in the Philippines. The EU emphasizes the importance of carrying out the campaign with a focus on public health and in full compliance with due process, national law and international human rights law. It is imperative to conduct prompt, effective, impartial and transparent investigations of all cases of death leading to prosecution in all cases of unlawful killing.
On Venezuela, the EU is seriously concerned about the continued weakening of and non-respect for democratic institutions, the repression of political opponents and the obstacles to the opposition’s equal participation in elections. The adoption by the constituent assembly (not recognized by the EU and other international partners) of the “Law against Hatred” risks further restricting the freedom of expression and opinion. The EU is also concerned about persistent arbitrary detentions, reports of extrajudicial killings and widespread violations of the rights to food and to healthcare. The EU calls on the Venezuelan government to uphold people’s fundamental rights and freedoms, to facilitate external assistance to meet the pressing needs of the population, to release political prisoners, to respect democratic institutions and to ensure that elections are constitutional, transparent, credible and inclusive.
The EU recognizes Egypt’s efforts to combat terrorism and recalls the need to tackle it in full respect of international human rights standards and fundamental freedoms. The EU continues to call on Egypt to respect rights to freedom of opinion and expression offline and online, including for journalists and bloggers, and of freedom of assembly and association and to stop applying disproportionate legislation limiting them and unduly restricting space for civil society organisations. The EU calls on Egypt to continue their efforts to shed light on the circumstances of the death of the Italian citizen Giulio Regeni and the French citizen Eric Lang and bring about justice. The EU is concerned about the recent increase in death sentences and executions in Egypt and calls on Egypt to suspend the issuance and implementation of the death penalty.
ឃុំ២ឆ្នូ ខេត្តក្រចេះ ជាឃុំមានឈ្មោះនៅទីតាំងជាក់ស្តែងនៃការជឿថាជាទីកំណើតគណបក្សប្រជាជនគឺកើតនៅថ្ងៃទី២ ខែធ្នូ ឆ្នាំ១៩៥០ នៅពេលគណបក្សមួយនេះរមែងរំលឹកកំណើតរបស់ខ្លួននៅថ្ងៃទី២៨ ខែមិថុនា ឆ្នាំ១៩៥១ ជំនួសវិញ។ ការផ្ទុះឡើងនៃការតវ៉ាបញ្ហាដីធ្លីកាលពីថ្ងៃទី៨ ខែមីនាម្សិលមិញនេះ ធ្វើអោយយើងនឹកដល់ការផ្ទុះហឹង្សារវាងកងកំឡាំងប្រដាប់អាវុធនិងប្រជាជនកាលពីឆ្នាំ២០១២ដែលលោកនាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រីហ៊ុន-សែន បញ្ជាអោយប្រើរហូតដល់យន្តហោះចំបាំងបាញ់ទៅលើប្រជាពលរដ្ឋដោយចោទថាជាអ្នកធ្វើរដ្ឋអបគម។
រឿងរ៉ាវលើកនេះ កើតឡើងក្នុងកំឡុងកម្ពុជាគ្មានពត៍មានឯករាជ្យ តែវីដេអូដែលចែកចាយក្នុងបណ្តាញទំនាក់ទំនងសង្គម និងការផ្តល់បទសម្ភាសន៍ដោយប្រជាជននៅក្នុងទីកើតហេតុ មានការផ្ទុយគ្នាពីអាជ្ញាធរនិងពត៍មានលើកជើងរបស់រដ្ឋមានដូចជាFreshnewsជាដើម។
បើតាមពត៍មាន Phnom Penh Post គឺមានការអៈអាងជាដំបូងថាមានមនុស្សស្លាប់ដោយទទួលស្គាល់ពីមេឃុំ២ឆ្នូថាមានមនុស្សស្លាប់មែន។ ប៉ុន្តែតាមការតាមសម្ភាសន៍របស់អ្នកសារពត៍មានFreshnewsទាំងស្ត្រីរងគ្រោះទាំងមេឃុំបដិសេធន៍នូវសំដីដើមរបស់ខ្លួន។ បើតាមសំដីអ្នកសារពត៍មាន គាត់ថាគាត់គឺពិតនិងឯករាជ្យ ហើយពត៍មានភ្នំពេញប៉ុស្តិ៍និងអាសុីសេរីគឺមិនពិតនិងមិនឯករាជ្យ ជាពត៍មានបំពុលសង្គម…ចំងល់គឺយុវជនម្នាក់នេះកំពុងនិយាយរឿងដែលខ្លួនឯងមិនបានឆ្លុះកញ្ចក់មើលខ្លួនឯងឡើយ។
យុវជនហ្វេសប៊ុកដួង តារា(Duong Dara)
យុវជនម្នាក់នេះជាអ្នកកាន់កាប់និងមើលការខុសត្រូវផេចរបស់លោកនាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រីហ៊ុន-សែន។ ដើម្បីបន្ថែមប្រជាប្រីយភាព គេបានខិតខំគ្រប់បែបយ៉ាងមានដូចជា អោយមន្ត្រីរាជការសុីវិលគ្រប់ជាន់ថ្នាក់បង្កើតគណនេយ្យហ្វេសប៊ុកផ្ទាល់ខ្លួនដើម្បីចុចឡាច់និងឈៀផេចសម្តេច ដាក់លុយឃោសនាអោយហ្វេសប៊ុករាប់សិបមុឺនដុល្លា និងតាមប្រមាញ់ទិញឡាច់ពីclick farmsផ្សេងៗជាច្រើន។ សព្វថ្ងៃ ផេចរបស់លោកនាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រីមានអ្នកឡាច់ច្រើនជាងចំនួនប្រជាជនខ្មែរដែលមានគណនេយ្យហ្វេសប៊ុកទៅទៀតគឺជាង៩លាន៦សែនឡាច់ ដោយស្ថិតិអ្នកប្រើអិនតើនិតនៅកម្ពុជាមានប្រមាណជាង៤លាននាក់ប៉ុណ្ណោះ។ យើងដឹងទាំងអស់គ្នាច្បាស់ណាស់ថាហ្វេសប៊ុកជាអ្នករកសុី អោយតែអោយលុយគេ អ្នកគ្រប់គ្រងឡាច់អាចដាក់តួលេខអោយសម្តេចប៉ុន្មានក៏បានដែរ តែដែលយុវជនដួងតារាធ្វើអោយសម្តេចស្រក់ទឹកភ្នែកពេលក្រោយគឺលុយដែលសម្តេចយកមកប្រើមានប្រភពពីណា? ហើយឡាច់ទាំងនោះជានរណាខ្លះ ពីព្រោះហ្វេសប៊ុកនឹងលាតត្រដាងក្នុងពេលខាងមុខដ៏ឆាប់នេះ។
យុវជនម្នាក់នេះគឺជាអ្នកបង្កើតនិងជាប្រធានគ្រប់គ្រងកាសែតអនឡាញហ្វ្រេសនីវដែលគេស្គាល់ថាជាសារនាំពាក្យនិងវេទិកាផ្តាច់មុខរបស់លោកនាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រីហ៊ុន-សែន។ អ្នកសារពត៍មានហ្វ្រេសនីវមានតែផ្សាយលើកជើងសម្តេចនិងដៀមដាមអោយក្រុមជំទាស់។ តែអ្វីដែលគួរកត់សម្គាល់គឺក្រុមអ្នកសារពត៍មានលំអៀងឥតខ្ចោះនេះមិនមែនបម្រើតែសម្តេចទេ គឺបម្រើក្រុមដែលធ្វើអោយសម្តេចអស់លក្ខណ៍ទៅថ្ងៃក្រោយដូចគ្នា។ ជាក់ស្តែង ករណីការបាញ់រៈទៅលើក្រុមអ្នកតវ៉ាដីធ្លីជាង២០០នាក់នៅខេត្តក្រចេះកាលពីពេលថ្មីៗនេះ ហ្វ្រេសនីវបានព្យាយាមនិយាយថាគ្មានអ្នកស្លាប់ទេ មានតែរបួសតែពីរនាក់តាមការអៈអាងរបស់អភិបាលខេត្តក៏ដូចជាអាជ្ញាធរ តែធាតុពិតបើតាមទ្រឹស្តីការផ្សំគំនិតគ្នា(conspiracy) ខ្មាន់កាំភ្លើងអាចជាមនុស្សដែលប្រឆាំងសម្តេចប្រាថ្នាចង់អោយប្រជាប្រីយភាពសម្តេចធ្លាក់ចុះក៏ថាបាន ឬក៏អាចជាអ្នកបង្កចលាចលឡើងក្នុងគោលបំណងដើម្បីគ្រប់គ្រងអ្វីមួយ។
ជាតថភាពជាក់ស្តែង លោកនាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រីមិនដែលមានចិត្តស្ងប់សុខសម្រាប់សុវត្ថិភាពខ្លួនឯងឡើយ តាមរយៈការបង្កើនកំឡាំងអង្គភាពអង្គរក្សផ្ទាល់ខ្លួន ការផ្ទេរសិទ្ធិទៅអោយកូននូវតំណែងសំខាន់ៗក្នុងការការពារសុវត្ថិភាពនិងសន្តិសុខផ្ទាល់ខ្លួនជាដើម។ អ្នកប្រាជ្ញវិទ្យាសាស្ត្រនយោបាយជាច្រើនបានសរសេរថាអំណាចផ្តាច់ការដែលគ្មានច្បាប់ទំលាប់រមែងបញ្ចប់សេចក្តីដោយការវាយប្រហារគ្នាឯងដែលកើតអំពីការមិនទុកចិត្តគ្នាឯង កើនខ្លាំងឡើងៗជារៀងរាល់ថ្ងៃ។ បើមានមនុស្សស្លាប់មែន រដ្ឋាភិបាលក៏ដូចជាអាជ្ញាធរមិនអាចដំរីស្លាប់យកចង្អេរមកបាំងបានទេ។
យុវជនខ្មែរត្រូវបានគេបំពាក់បំប៉ននិងយកមកប្រើអោយអស់សាច់(spoil and exploit)
អ្វីគ្រប់យ៉ាងចាប់ផ្តើមពីបបូរមាត់របស់លោកនាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រីក្នុងការប្រើភាសាហឹង្សានិងជេរប្រទេច។ ទាំងទូរទស្សន៍ ទាំងការផ្សាយផ្ទាល់ក្នុងបណ្តាញសង្គម មិនដែលឃើញមានការកាត់សំលេងភាសាអសុរសម្តងណាឡើយ(censor)។ យុវជនពីរនាក់ដែលលើកឡើងខាងលើគឺជានិមិត្តរូបបញ្ជាក់អំពីភាពមិនដឹងអ្វី(innocent)របស់ពួកគេ។ ប្រព័ន្ធសង្គម(social foundation) របបសង្គម(social regime) អំណាចនិយម(power and entitlement) និងសម្ភារៈនិយម(materialism) ជាដើម បានលើកទឹកចិត្តអោយពួកគេចេះធ្វើការដើម្បីគោរពតាម ផ្គាប់ផ្គុន និងសហការជាមួយចៅហ្វាយនាយ(obey, submit, cooperate or OSC) ដើម្បីបានមកវិញនូវលាភសក្ការៈ(benefits) ជាជាងប្រកាន់ខ្ជាប់ក្នុងក្រមសីលធម៍(ethical conduct) និងបើកចិត្តទូលាយ(open minded) ដោយមើលឃើញអ្នកភូមិផងរបងជាមួយក៏ដូចជាជនរួមជាតិជាឈាមតែមួយដែលមិនគួរកុហកបោកប្រាស់(deceive) ធ្វើវិទ្ធង្សនា(manipulate) កិបកេង(take advantage) ងប់ងុលជ្រុលនិយម(radical) មិនមានចិត្តមេត្តាករុណា(loving-kindness) ដល់អ្នកទន់ខ្សោយ(the under privileged) និងអត្តទត្ថភាព(selfish) ជាដើម។
ជាលទ្ធផលចុងក្រោយ យុវជនបរិសុទ្ធិ(innocent)បានតែការពារនូវពត៍មានដែលថាគ្មានអ្នកស្លាប់ ហើយអាជ្ញាធរគ្មានកំហុសទោះជាលឺស្នូរកាំភ្លើងច្រើនគ្រាប់យ៉ាងណាក៏ដោយ។ តាមទិដ្ឋភាពសង្គមក៏ដូចជាទិដ្ឋភាពច្បាប់ មន្ត្រីរាជការប៉ូលីទាហានមិនអាចយកកំភ្លើងមកគំរាមកំហែងប្រជាជនស្លូតត្រង់បានទេ។ ការផ្ទុះអាវុធនៅចំពោះមុខប្រជាជនគឺជាការខុសច្បាប់ទាហានធ្ងន់ធ្ងរដែលមេក្រុមឬមេកងពលត្រូវហៅបុគ្គលនោះមកដាក់ទោសទណ្ឌនិងឡើងដល់កំរិតដកចេញពីអង្គភាពតែម្តងបើទាហាននិងមេទាហាននោះមានវិន័យត្រឹមត្រូវ។ ម្យ៉ាងទៀត អ្នកខ្លះនៅជាប់កំអែលបៀតបៀនអ្នកទន់ខ្សោយ អ្នកក្រីក្រ និងអ្នកទន់ទាប (the under privileged) ដោយគេដាក់កំហុសទៅលើអ្នកតវ៉ារឿងដីធ្លីហើយកាន់ជើងអ្នកមានអំណាច។ ពួកគេគឺពិតជាមិនមែនជាមនុស្សចេះការពារអ្នកទន់ខ្សោយទេ(the underdogs) ទោះជួនកាលពួកគេក៏ជាមនុស្សទន់ខ្សោយដែលនោះ។ តែពួកគេទៅការពារអ្នកមានអំណាចដែលដេកសុីប្រាក់ខែរាស្ត្រទាំងនោះទៅវិញ។ នេះបានចំជាអ្នកគាំទ្រចាប់ចោរឆក់តាមចិញ្ចើមថ្នល់ តែបដិសេធន៍ចៅអង្គុយលើកៅអីក្នុងម៉ាសុីនត្រជាក់ទៅវិញ! ពួកគេគួរមើលរឿង Robin Hood ទុកគ្រាន់ជាមេរៀន។
បើអ្នកមិនអាចធ្វើបានដូច Robin Hood ទេ អ្នកក៏គ្រាន់តែដាក់ខ្លួនជាអ្នកឈឺឆ្អាលដល់អ្នកទន់ខ្សោយផង
ជនផ្តាច់ការដែលអាចនៅតែកាន់អំណាចផ្តាច់ការតទៅមុខទៀតបាន គឹមកពីគេមានជោគជ័យក្នុងការកៀបសង្កត់ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ ដែលជាប្រភពនៃអំណាចអោយនៅស្តាប់បង្គាប់គេ(obey) អោយដាក់ខ្លួនជាចំណុះចុះចូលនឹងគេ(submit) និងអោយព្រមធ្វើកិច្ចសហប្រតិបត្តិការជាមួយគេ(cooperate) – ឬ OSC ជាពាក្យកាត់ខ្លីដើម្បីស្រួលងាយចាំ។ អ្នកតស៊ូដដែលរូបនេះបានសួរថា បើជនផ្តាច់នៅត្រួតត្រាបានដោយសារប្រជាពលរដ្ឋសុខចិត្តប្រគល់អោយ OSC ទៅអោយគេ តែចុះបើប្រជាពលរដ្ឋបដិសេធន៌ OSC វិញ តើជនផ្តាច់ការអាចនឹងបន្តអំណាចផ្តាច់យ៉ាងណាទៀតបាន?
Watch Robin Hood movie:
Watch Trailer of Chicken Run
This is a tough question if we look at it from Cambodia government of Prime Minister Hun Sen, but it is an easy question if we look at democratic principles and the current pressures from the international communities. To enabling this feasible question, we need a bit digesting into scientific method of SWOT. Another analysis named PEST has been boon for Opportunity and Threat of SWOT. In case of Cambodia, Politics, Economic, Social, and Technology or the PEST has been evolved into Threat for Hun Sen government through his 33 years in tenure and his recent bogging down of democratic principles by using the court to dissolve CNRP which is the best performer in legitimizing his power.
We are also using indicators such as leadership personality, principles adherence, ethical performance, and structural institution etc. to supplement Strength, Weakness, Opportunity, and Threat on this research’s flashing question of “could CNRP join the election in 29 July 2018?”
History of the Problems:
Hun Sen is known for his political career of playing both soft and hard tactics to sustain his power and legitimacy. His recent move to amend the laws with his lawmakers solely is aimed to tame civil society, independent media, and to dissolve opposition CNRP. It is confident that this cracking down of democracy is to preempt his power threat of the Senate election in 25 February 2018 and national election in 29 July 2018. His recent action is reverse to his pride of democracy in Cambodia. His wish is likely to use public propaganda to fabricate Cambodian people and the international communities. In fact, the over domestic 4 millions of Cambodian netizens, the nearly 2 millions of Cambodian migrant workers, and the over 1 million of Cambodian diasporic members, all are resistant to this new political propaganda. For the international arena, over half the world is the democratic countries which are keen to condemn Hun Sen’s tactics and are supportive to restore the normality of democracy in Cambodia by allowing CNRP to join the election race smoothly.
China is believed to be only one state that has supported the current action of Prime Minister Hun Sen while China cannot provide political legitimacy according to current Cambodia structure of monarchy democracy, multi-parties, free and fair election, and Cambodia constitution-based governing. China was an acute patron of Pol Pot regime that is notorious in human rights violation of killing field in Cambodia. With current inclination towards China, Hun Sen administration is violating Cambodia constitution of neutrality to vanguard its interests and national sovereign integrity.
Sam Rainsy was once bullied by the Hun Sen government through the legal trial over accusation of damaging border’s wood-poles between Cambodia and Vietnam, but as a result, there were huge boomerang towards Hun Sen’s popularity when Sam Rainsy’s return home from political exile was greeted by millions of Cambodian people. This historic greeting of his back-home is significant to Sam Rainsy’s recent resignation from his post as president of CNRP aiming to avoid legal limbo over it’s dissolution.
Prime Minister Hun Sen has historically used violent words to bully Cambodian people and his opposition. His words are not only about public scolding and irresponsible jokes but threatening towards his subjects directly and indirectly.
- Sam Rainsy has become active in lobbying international communities again after Kem Sokha has been jailed by Hun Sen.
- Pressure from well-informed Cambodian netizens or more mature Cambodian voters.
- Legitimacy is the strongest wish of Prime Minister Hun Sen as he has been well aware of high risk to ride on power without balancer and the clear roadmap.
- Economic sanctions are very effective to withhold government’s ability to govern. Economic leverage from USA, EU, Australia, Canada and Japan are vital to the survival of Cambodia government in the present and the future.
- Legal action against the human right violation through the ICJ and other competent courts are vital. UNs can unseat Cambodia if this country failed to comply with legal binding once this country pledged to operate through a democracy leadership.
- Pressure from internal people of interest groups (PIGs) among elites and patrons of the Cambodian People’s Party (CPP).
- Hun Sen’s bad mouths and dictatorship have resulted more pedigree to the opposition.
- China can push Cambodia into single party state by allowing Monarch to exist as a symbol with no real power and the current Constitution will be gradually disapproved.
- Human resource of the CNRP is remained problematic.
- More democratic countries have paid more attention to their own domestic issues.
- There is no one voice and clear time-frame for the democratic activists.
- Australia and Japan can take their key role to enabling the genuine reform of the Court, the Assembly, the Administration Platform, and Arm-force, rather than focusing on the complete returning back of CNRP solely.
- The package of negotiation must place national interest as priority, not party or individual.
- Paris Peace Agreement is remained the locus of inspiration of the Cambodian people.
- All democrats regardless CPP or CNRP must stand up together to protect the Cambodia democracy.
- The revolt among the elites and the powerful is inevitable if the frame of democracy is continuing to be deteriorated.
- External player like Vietnam who could undermine the China’s interests in Cambodia is inevitable.
- The Saga of Khmer Rouge is rolling back in Cambodia under the guideline of China.
- The force of democrats have remained hollow internally.
- The time-frame of election for party registration is expired around April 2018.
- If Hun Sen cannot stop CNRP from joining the election, he has strategically been able to monopolize the Senate and contaminate this party to ash.
- In all times, Hun Sen and his team have achieved in taking away all future foundation of the opposition by agreeing things that are trivial and not harmful to the CPP.