Political Leadership

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Posted by: | Posted on: May 30, 2016

Discussion on Teenagers in Politics of Campro

McGill students film their vote mob video for the 2011 federal election on campus. Apr 14 2011

McGill students film their vote mob video for the 2011 federal election on campus. Apr 14 2011

Dear Esteemed Members,

I have tremendously learned from this discussion. Observing since my teen to present adulthood, the static of influencing the youth and framing on their future shape is remained intact. Hence, the current exit passage of the youth through new mean of social media shall result in a disorganized outcome.

1. Recalling my teen, i was influenced by parents, school teachers, community elders and political figures. My single mother encouraged me to work hard on school while she discouraged me from involvement with politics or social issues. Seeing with her own eyes of bitter social upheaval, she randomly warned me of don’t talk what you see, don’t say what you want, and she told to grow Ko tree and sesame plant to keep blind eyes and mute mouth with all political issues. At school, i was taught to use guns, to disassemble and assemble guns, and teachers instructed about crimes of Pol Pot, Kiev Samphan, and Ieng Sari, the teachers boasted confidently without any interruption on the political ideology of Max-Leninism in classrooms. At community, i was bullied by adults in a daily basis. Like i wrote in previous email, beside of instructing to use different tricks of zero sum game to overcome rivals, those adults repeated the phrase of “don’t teach all knowledge to your students because those students could topple you at the end”. I highly praised Premier Hun Sen through his speech played on public loud speakers about negotiations with Prince Norodom Sihanouk at the time.

2. I am remained disappointed to the popular proverb of “young bamboo shoots shall take turn from old bamboos”  or “unity is power” while the mechanisms to make them happen are not designed or incentivized to design. Parenting lessons are not taught to students, to pedagogical courses, and to parents. Political system is vastly patron-clientalism in which has placed the learned and the merits-based culture at the marginalized spot. The national institution has not been established and often been ruined by the embedded cult of god-king. The present emerge of youth participation in politics is not regulated. It has been disincentivized by the institution.

3. The world and civilized states are embracing modern “growth mindset” while Cambodia is strongly seen in attaching to “fixed mindset”. When growth mindset praised someone on their efforts, accepting individual limitation, and to give up or sacrifice power as suitable time arrived, Cambodians are praising those with light skin with luxurious commodity and longed power status, or they are not been reluctant to admire their good Kamma accumulated in past life so that they could enjoy it at the present time without obstruction etc. Instead of saying “keep on trying with this work”, Cambodian teachers might say “you are very smart” to their students.

4. According to figures by international researches, Cambodia has been well off in building up fat body but paralyzing citizenship’s mind. For instance, ADB praised 7 digits of annual growth and sometime named Cambodia as “tiger” but corruption and freedom of speech which are vibrant cells of blood and mind have been gradually paralyzed and inflicted adding on to  the existing traumas. Youths are believed becoming  byproducts of these paralyzing and inflicting machine.

Buddha taught “all things are interconnected and inseparable (Pathiccasammudphatha)” as Nama (mind) and Rupa (body) are inseparable component of LIFE.

Posted by: | Posted on: May 18, 2016

CNRP has full potential to impact positive change for Cambodia

ជាការពិតណាស់ នយោបាយអហឹង្សធម៍និងការប្រើប្រាស់បញ្ញាជាអាវុធ រមែងមិនបង្ហាញរូបភាពខ្លួនជាសាធារណៈទេ តែវាមានជាវិជ្ជមាននៅគ្រប់ស្រទាប់អ្នកស្រឡាញ់យុត្តិធម៍ បញ្ញវន្ត និងយុវជនជំនាន់ថ្មី។ ជាការបញ្ជាក់នូវបំរែបំរួលជានិច្ចនៃបរិបទនយោបាយខ្មែរ សំលែងជិត៥០ភាគរយដែលគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិមាន ត្រូវប្រើបាស់អោយបានជាប្រយោជន៏នូវគ្រប់លទ្ធភាពទាំងអស់។ ជាក់ស្តែង តំណាងរាស្រ្តត្រូវបន្តទិតៀនដើម្បីស្ថាបនាដល់ទង្វើមិនសមរម្យរបស់បក្សដឹកនាំរដ្ឋាភិបាល និងចុះជួបអ្នកគាំទ្ររបស់ខ្លួនជាប្រចាំ។ ការហៅលោកនាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រីមកបំភ្លឺរឿងវៀតណាមជីកស្រះទឹកលើទឹកដីខ្មែរនៅឯជាយដែនក្តី ការកោះហៅរដ្ឋមន្ត្រីក្រសួងយុត្តិធម៌មកឆ្លើុយបំភ្លឺក្តី សុទ្ធសឹងជាកាតព្វកិច្ចរបស់តំណាងរាស្ត្រសំលេងភាគតិចក្នុងសភា។ សូមសិក្សាពិនិត្យអោយបានល្អិតល្អន់នូវអំណាចនិងបុព្វសិទ្ធិដែលអាចធ្វើបានរបស់តំណាងរាស្ត្រសំលេងភាគតិចទាំងអស់ ហើយត្រូវតែប្រើវា ព្រោះនេះជាការបំពេញករណីយកិច្ចក្នុងនាមជាតំណាងរាស្ត្រ ហើយពិនិត្យមើលនូវការបំពេញកាតព្វកិច្ចដែលខ្វះវិជ្ជាជីវៈរបស់មន្ត្រីគ្រប់ជាន់ថ្នាក់រួមទាំងក្រុមចៅក្រមនិងព្រះរាជអាជ្ញាផងដែរប្រសិនបើពួកគេបំពានច្បាប់ព្រោះរងសំពាធឬពោរពេញទៅដោយអគតិ៤នោះទេ។ ការព្រមាន ការដាក់ទោស ឬការដាក់វិន័យ ចំពោះមន្ត្រីរាជការណាដែលប្រព្រឹត្តល្មើសរឿងទំនាស់ផលប្រយោជន៌គឺជាវិធានចំបងគេមួយ។

Pragmatically, avihimsa (tolerance) and using wisdom to solve problems have always moved underneath the public eyes but this approach is active in all situations among justice lovers, the learned, and young generation. Ascertaining the dynamics of Cambodia politics, nearly 50% of popular votes CNRP attained must be used at the fullest. Apparently, law-makers must continue to constructively criticize inappropriate performance of the government-led party and regularly serve their voters at the constituencies. Inviting the Premier to clarify in front of the Assembly about the encroaching ditch digging of Vietnamese at the border at the Assembly and inviting minister of justice to answer those irregular activities are obligation of the minority voice representatives. Conduct deep research and study on power and prerogatives of the Minority group of representatives and use them at the fullest because this is the obligation of the representatives to audit all performance and incorrect activities of the officials in all levels including judges and prosecutors if they violated the laws and professionalism pressured by the powerful or indulged into four biases. Warning, punishing or taking disciplinary on those violated on “conflict of interest” are rudimentary.

(Photo courtesy: Sam Rainsy Facebook Page)

Hun Sen 1Hun Sen 2 Hun Sen 3 Hun Sen 4

 

Posted by: | Posted on: December 20, 2015

Political Paradigm of Pragmatism from the Khmer Youth part 44

This part (44), Mr. Sophan Seng continued to analysis the wrong direction of education reform in Cambodia. As he repeatedly referred to, education is the backbone of this nation, but this

Scene view of Cambodia Students during Exam 2015 - photo courtesy of MoEYs facebooke page.

Scene view of Cambodia Students during Exam 2015 – photo courtesy of MoEYs facebooke page.

sector has been really neglected by the government. Beside of approving less annual budget for this sector, the intermingled family and community based educational development is remained a sensitive concern.

When the fame of education has become worse and worse, the measure to strictly undertake high school exam is just a short term and trivial measure to answer to the true reform, and this measure is seen as a political agenda, not the education agenda.
Just one stunning example of screening students at the entrance gate and proctoring from all directions by the proctors during exam, does mean to bog down the self-confidence and self-oriented mentality of the Cambodian students. Those screeners and proctors should spend time to monitor corrupt officers, traffic laws offenders, and other legal violators etc., is better.

Posted by: | Posted on: December 10, 2015

Political Paradigm of Pragmatism from the Khmer Youth part 43

This part (43), Mr. Sophan Seng continued to analyse the Education Reform in Cambodia. This time, he keenly criticized the measure of strict exam of high school students (grade 12) during 2014 and 2015. The strict exam was only aiming to divert the attention of students’ parents who have disappointed with the inability to curb the rampant corruption inside the school compounds particularly during exams. Thus, these two years strict exam doesn’t translate the “Education Reform”, but it has translated something else outside of the core reform.
Further more, the strict exam and measures to monitor all activities of students including scanning from toe to head to search students’ sheet(s) and proctor in each room by watching from all directions. Policemen are also dispatched. The other government unit such as Anti Corruption Unit (ACU) has also taken in charge to reprimand, arrest and punish those cheated during exam.
Scene view of Cambodia Students during Exam 2015 - photo courtesy of MoEYs facebooke page.

Scene view of Cambodia Students during Exam 2015 – photo courtesy of MoEYs facebooke page.

All these are just part of Cambodian education version that has no deep knowledge about the impact on students in a long term human resources building. Psychologically speaking, students have lost self-confidence that could help to produce self-correction and self-realization. Students are eagerly waiting others to enforce them. In term of law enforcement, students should not be the target. Those violated the traffic lights should be paid attention more than students who have learnt to gain knowledge, not to pass the exam without having knowledge.

This tactic of reform will not lead Cambodia to gain genuine reform but to serve the interest of political campaign. Cambodia’s education reform must not focus on strict exam, and strict exam should not use for the grade 12 exam, but it should be used for high professional competitions or privileged universities entrance etc.

Posted by: | Posted on: August 26, 2015

Political Paradigm of Pragmatism from the Khmer Youth part 33

This part (33), the author Mr. Sophan Seng described the current dilemma of trust and social capital in Cambodia. The survey research released by Asia Foundation found that Cambodian people have little trust on Cambodia government and governance institution. The deficit of trust is clearly caused by following criteria:

11889649_154038554933655_66259387329862781_n1. Decades of past civil war in Cambodia accounting from Lon Nol republic regime, to brutal extremism of Khmer Rouge, to foreign occupation between 1979-1990, and political turbulence in post-UN sponsored election 1993, all have caused dividing and confrontational movements in Cambodia.

  1. Interference towards the Court and Judicial System of Cambodia by PM Hun Sen is critically saddening. His speech publicized through television about accusing the political activists and senator, and his direct ordering to arrest them are seen undermining the due processes of the court. This political behavior has stifled the judicial system in Cambodia to trial cases fairly, independently, and professionally.
The 11 political protesters were jailed by the court.

The 11 political protesters were jailed by the court.

  1. As Cambodia is paced in a post-conflicted stage, the outraging and sensitivity in existing controversies are very common. Hence, political leaders and academia must think twice before making a move with all their grand policy to avoid stagnation. Hun Sen has experienced well in creating public stunts to draw attention and to distract his opponents, but every move have not guaranteed his national interests goal as things could boomerang and bounce back to him unconditionally. Many times of his move shall result in more controversies and dividing.
The two latest protesters are jailed including one in custody.

The two latest protesters are jailed including one in custody.

  1. Prime Minister Hun Sen has been handling border issues through sensitive discrepancies. And the aim to amend the constitution article 2 is seen very unfavorable as Cambodian proverb said ” you couldn’t cut head to fit hat, but you can cut hat to fit head’.

At the end, the author articulated that good leaders must bear full accountability and transparency to benefit the nation. The nation refers to the Cambodian people, the land, and their future. While leader(s) shall be aged, sicked and died, only the nation and the people are continuing to struggle for their survival. Buddha admired those who have seen this truth and carry out the truth to their utmost ability. Eventually body shall be vanished but remained only name and honor, Buddha assured.

Posted by: | Posted on: August 18, 2015

Political Paradigm of Pragmatism from the Khmer Youth part 32

This part (32), the author Mr. Sophan Seng continued to discuss the political platform of political parties in working towards building social bond and social capital.

The government public servants accounting from prime ministers, to ministers, and to all levels of officials must speak the same voice that the people are their master, they are the servants of the people. State is just a mediator or facilitator to collect taxes and revenue from the people to serve the people. Partly, the money is used for those public servants salary, the rests are used for public good.

Cambodian people have been manipulated by the powerful. And Cambodian people are taught to clinging to entitlement for the future search of their children by exposing the idea that to be public servants shall live an easy life, much respected, and high status in society. This manipulation is created to endorse wrong perception and adding up the corruption behavior.