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Posted by: | Posted on: March 2, 2015

Political Paradigm of Pragmatism by Young Khmer Generation 10

Dependent island for good leaders rest on 10 factors: Sila = good conduct
2. Pahusacca = great learning
3. Kalayana Mitta = good company
4. Sova Cassata = meekness
5. Kim Karaniyesu Dhakkha = willingness to give a helpful hand
6. Dhamma kamata = love of truth
7. Viriya Rambha = energetic exertion
8. Santutthi = contentment
9. Sati = mindfulness
10. Panna = wisdom

(Listen to this whole analysis by Sophan Seng through CMN Radio on Monday, March 2nd, 2015 @ 6:30am time in Cambodia)

Posted by: | Posted on: March 2, 2015


How much you are aware of LEADERSHIP? And how much you have delved into developing yourself into EXTRAORDINARY LEADER?

I have compiled many skits to help with your EXPLORATION. They are short but concise, attractive and legible.

leadership-stock-art-304xx3310-2214-0-52 leadership-presentation-4-638 leadership-poem Leadership-abstract-007 Leadership Skills 1 Leadership is not about Income Leadership chart leadership excellence graphic 2 leadership excellence graphic 1 leadership excellence graphic Leadership Characteristics of a Leader leadership 3 leadership 2 leadership 1 'Leadereship' highlighted in green leadership leadership leader

Posted by: | Posted on: February 24, 2015

Political Paradigm of Pragmatism from Young Khmer Generation 9

This part, the author analysed on good characteristics and visions of leaders by depicting “good characteristics of people” according to Buddha’s teaching as following:

  1. Knowing principle and knowing causes = it means leaders must balance all incoming data and information
  2. Knowing objectives and knowing results = leaders must know the set goal and encounter with all results
  3. Knowing oneself = leader should know his own ability, tendency, weakness, and strength
  4. Knowing moderation = as human craving is indefinite, leaders must consume material and money for necessary to achieve their good mission.
  5. Knowing occasion = there are many occasions in leadership that leader are facing with in front of their eyes and their mouth, they must select words to communicate and enforce it.
  6. Knowing company = there are different groups of people with their common interests and traditions that leaders must prepare in advance before association or joining with the group.
  7. Knowing persons = again, social issues are handling with human beings or persons that all leaders must know their traits, tendency, culture, and tradition etc.

Posted by: | Posted on: February 22, 2015

Reflection on the natural activism “Mother Nature Cambodia”

Weekly Analysis (Third Week of February 2015)

While the Western countries believe in giving space and liberty to their citizens to bravely speak up their voice and fully engage in social development in the hope of long term survival of their motherland, Cambodia is in dichotomous effort by the government. This historical and remarkable contrast has happened since Cambodian people protest against the additional border treaty with Vietnam in 2005, many of them were arrested and jailed, once Prime Minister Hun Sen promised to make coffins for those who dare to claim back Khmer Krom lost land for Cambodia, and with many other occasions including banning Alex from his campaign to protect the Cambodia forests, is seen as an attempt to threat those bottom line people activism who are working to protect their lands and forests and to open way or encourage the wrong doers such as land grab activities, deforestation and logging, and forced eviction etc. to continue their wrong deeds without obstacle.

This week, Cambodia media has been immensely covered by the Cambodian

Courtesy of Mother Nature facebook page

Courtesy of Mother Nature facebook page

government measure to reject visa extension for Alex Gonzalez-Davidson aka Alex to banning him from staying in Cambodia beyond February 20th expiry date. Alex has fallen in love with Cambodia nature particularly in Areng Valley in Koh Kong of South Western Cambodia. He has lived in Cambodia for more than 10 years and he can use Khmer language fluently. From his tangible contact with local communities and his researches in Areng area, he reveled that this more than 500 h. vast dense jungle and prairie are comprising of rare plants, wild life, lakes and brooks, and minority people etc. It has huge potential for eco-system and eco-tourism to generate income rather than to build dam that produces low electricity capacity. More than this, the dam project has likely hidden agenda to cut trees for trade within this vast plentiful green forest. Cambodian people especially youths both inside and outside of Cambodia have come in solidarity to condemn the government for this very unjust, negligible, dis-courageous measure. (watch this video Alex said about his visa denying)

The Cambodia People’s Party (CPP) has emerged the longest controller of power to be able to generate their wealth through lands, rivers, water, air and mountain businesses. Prime Minister Hun Sen and his leadership emerged as anti-capitalism. The CPP was installed by the Vietnam who practiced political dogma and ideology of Marx-Lenin to proliferate the farmers and to downgrade the bourgeois classes, has transformed themselves overnight to generate their personal, family and patrons wealth unbelievably. During this overnight policy changing, Hun Sen family and his political rings members have changed from poor cadres into billionaire capitalists.

The Social Change and Revolution has rested on “Blessed Unrest”

Blessed Unrest is a title of a book written by Paul Hawken. He posed intrigued question on the front cover that “How the Largest Movement in the World Came into Being and Why No One Saw It Coming?”.

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Posted by: | Posted on: February 15, 2015

Political Paradigm of Pragmatism from Khmer Youth part 8

Buddha is the coach of leadership skills who preached Indians of ancient time to change from animal or human sacrifice for religious rituals into public services to serve the people indiscriminately. This part is also articulating the 12 virtues of leadership, or Buddha called the code of conduct for “Chakravatin or Universal Leader”.

This theory is well applicable to develop current Cambodia political leadership and the effort to build its pragmatism.

Watch by clicking on this link

Posted by: | Posted on: February 12, 2015

Boss and Leader in Khmer Context and Western Perception


There is no clear definition to explain the different between BOSS and LEADER in Khmer language. Usually, Khmer people call their upper authority in different words such as “boss មេ”, “owner ចៅហ្វាយនាយ”, “manager អ្នកចាត់ការ”, “chief លោកនាយក”, “president លោកប្រធាន”, “leader អ្នកដឹកនាំ”. While boss, owner, manager, chief, or president, have been daily used referring to first and second person, leader is likely more into third person. With this context, “boss” has been used by English speakers referring to first and second person as well, while “leader” in more into third person.

Beside these direct words to call upper authority, Khmer language has diverse terms referring to “leader” such as “Prime Minister នាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រី”, “King ព្រះរាជា”, and “Abbot ចៅអធិការ”.

​”boss មេ”​​​ and “leader អ្នកដឹកនាំ” in Khmer historical context

During Angkorean period, Kamarateng anh, or kamaratang anh had been popularly used, according to old khmer and inscriptions, to describe “boss” or “leader”. Though, these words have evolved into “kamdaeng anh”, or “ah pdaeng” in present day use, these lexicons have not been used like intended before.

Boss or Me/Mae refers to vertical authoritative individuals in social structure such as village chief, commune chief, district chief, and provincial chief. It has deeply embedded within all ranks of vertical leadership in both civilian and armed forces ranking. By practice, Khmer term of this boss is at the same interpretation of Boss vs Leader in Western world.

Leader or Me Deuk Noam/Neak Deuk Noam has also embedded within vertical leadership of Cambodian political culture. It is not that popular like Boss or Me in Cambodian society. After the election sponsored by the United Nations in 1993, the demonstrators have inclusively called for leadership change or Pdo Pdo. This new term appeal has signified the less usage in the past and also trumped up new concept from those younger generation.

From past to present, Cambodian leadership has been inclined into sacred in state of nature, cult of personality, belief in reincarnation authority, and backing by foreign states. A prolific leader who has attracted most Cambodian people and outside observers is King Norodom Sihanouk. He was influenced by Western culture and leadership. He has jumped out from the cult of personality who sitting on the throne to watch people kneeling, by walking through the crowd, shaking hand, hugging and kissing to every greeting citizen. His this new transformation of leadership gained him huge population support. He has also switched his leadership from Monarch to Prime Minister, and to Monarch again for what he called this a second Kingdom during the UNTAC-sponsored election in Cambodia.

His leadership style is mixed by personal performance, social norm and new wave of acceptance, and the transformation of personality leadership. He is more into charismatic leadership than servant leadership and intelligent leadership. If people can call him directly, they might call him “Boss” than “Leader”. Younger generation who has pursued his style of Leadership is no one else, the Cambodia current Prime Minister Hun Sen.

Boss vs Leader in Western World

There are at least 12 factors to characterize leadership or a good leader such as “focus on team interests and needs, inspiration, integrity, clear goals, good example, vision, clear communication, expect the best, supportive, encouragement, recognition, and stimulating work”.

But below clips are more about Boss vs Leader that everyone must take a look.

boss vs leader 12 boss vs leader 11 boss vs leader 10 boss vs leader 9


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