លោកសម-រង្ស៊ីធ្វើអោយពិភពលោកផ្អើលម្តងទៀត៩វិច្ឆិកា២០១៩

យើងទាំងអស់គ្នានៅចាំបានកាលពីមាតុភូមិនិវត្សន៍របស់លោកសម-រង្ស៊ីកាលពីថ្ងៃទី១៩ ខែកក្កដា ឆ្នាំ២០១៣ ដែលនៅពេលនោះមានប្រជាពលរដ្ឋច្រើនដល់លាននាក់នៅទីក្រុងភ្នំពេញជាពិសេសក្នុងចំណោមយុវជន-យុវតីបានចេញមកទទួលនិងហែរហមគាត់ពីព្រលានយន្តហោះទៅដល់ទីស្នាក់ការគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិ។ អ្នកតាមដានស្ថានការណ៍សង្កេតឃើញថាប្រជាប្រីយភាពដ៏លើសលប់របស់លោកនៅពេលនោះគឺមកពីលោកជាអ្នកនយោបាយឈរលើសច្ចភាពទៀងត្រង់ក្នុងការនាំមកនូវលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យពិតប្រាកដជូនដល់ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋខ្មែរ។ ហើយអ្វីដែលធ្វើអោយមនុស្សម្នារអ្នកគាំទ្រដ៏ច្រើនលើសលប់ចេញមកទទួលនៅពេលនោះគឺបណ្តាលមករដ្ឋាភិបាលក្រោមការដឹកនាំរបស់លោកហ៊ុន-សែនបានតាមបៀតបៀនដល់លោកសម-រង្ស៊ីមិនចេះចប់មិនចេះហើយជាពិសេសមានដីកាតុលាការរាប់មិនអស់ដែលតុលាការកម្ពុជាមានឈ្មោះអាក្រក់ខាងកាត់ក្តីគ្មានយុត្តិធម៌។ ក្នុងចំណោមដីកាតុលាការទាំងនោះ ការចោទប្រកាន់ទៅលើលោកសម-រង្ស៊ីរឿងដកបង្គោលព្រំដែននិងបំផ្លាញមិត្តភាពរបស់រដ្ឋាភិបាលកម្ពុជាជាមួយវៀតណាមគឺជារលកដំបូងនាំទៅរករលកស៊ូណាមីនាពេលនោះ។

លោកសម-រង្ស៊ីប្រកាសដកតែហ៊ុន-សែនចេញទេ ចំណែកមេដឹកនាំសំខាន់ៗដូចជាស-ខេង និងសាយ-ឈុំគឺលោកអាចធ្វើការជាមួយបាន។

ព្រឹត្តការណ៍៩វិច្ឆិកា២០១៩ខាងមុខនេះ មានភាពឡូសុិក(logic)ជាងឆ្នាំ២០១៣ទៅទៀត។ ការលាលែងពីតំណែងជាប្រធានបក្សរបស់លោកសម-រង្សុី ត្រូវបានគេមើលឃើញថាជាទង្វើគំរូប្រកបដោយការលៈបង់ខ្ពស់របស់លោកក្នុងការរក្សាគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិអោយមានដំណើរការជាប្រក្រតីភាព។ ប៉ុន្តែការចាប់ចងលោកកឹម-សុខា ដែលជាប្រធានបក្សបន្តវេន រួចរំលាយគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិទាំងមិនទាន់បានរកកំហុសនិងកាត់ទោសលោកកឹម-សុខាផងនោះរឹតតែធ្វើអោយសមាជិកបក្សដែលបោះឆ្នោតអោយជាង៣លាននាក់នៅមិនអស់ចិត្តសោះ។

ការវិលត្រឡប់មកវិញរបស់លោកសម-រង្សុីក្នុងនាមជាប្រធានស្តីទីរបស់គណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិនិងដំណើរវិវឌ្ឍន៍ទៅមាតុប្រទេសវិញដើម្បីស្រោចស្រង់គណបក្សមួយនេះ ជារឿងមួយធ្វើអោយអ្នកគាំទ្របក្សនេះពាក់កណ្តាលប្រទេសមានភាពថប់ដង្ហើមមិនអាចលាក់ខ្លួនបំពួនអាត្មាក្នុងការមិនចេញមកទទួលលោកសម-រង្សុីដោយអហឹង្សាបានឡើយ។

ប្រាក់រៀលក្រដាស១៥០០០ថ្មីដែលមានរូបឆាយាលក្ខណ៍នរោត្តមសីហមុនីនិងស្តូបឈ្នះឈ្នះស្តាយសិល្បៈយួនដែលកំពុងទទួលការរិៈគន់ពីមហាជនយ៉ាងដំណំ

ចំណែកលោកហ៊ុន-សែនវិញ អ្នកតាមដានស្ថានការណ៍សង្កេតឃើញថា ដើរខុសច្រើនអន្លើរដោយសារតែអំនួតនិងមោហៈបាំងលុះដោយការស្រេកឃ្លានអំណាចគ្មានទីបញ្ចប់។ ជំនួសអោយការទទួលស្គាល់ការពិតពីការថយចុះយ៉ាងគំហុកនៃប្រជាប្រីយភាពក្រោមការដឹកនាំរបស់ខ្លួនជាង៣០ឆ្នាំ រួចប្រកាសខ្លួនចូលរឺត្រែតក្លាយខ្លួនជារដ្ឋបុរស(statesman)ម្នាក់ ហ៊ុនសែនបែរប្រើល្បិចពិសពុលប្រកាសសត្រូវជាមួយប្រជាពលរដ្ឋខ្លួនជិតពាក់កណ្តាលនគរដែលបោះឆ្នោតអោយគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិដោយចាប់មេដឹកនាំពួកគេដាក់ឃុំឃាំងក្នុងបទចោទក្លែងក្លាយ រំលាយគណបក្សមួយនេះមានបទចោទដោយសាលដីកាតុលាការកំពូលដោយគ្មានមូលដ្ឋានច្បាប់ពិតប្រាកដនិងបិទផ្លូវតវ៉ា ដកកៅអីតំណាងរាស្ត្រទាំង៥៥ចេញព្រមទាំងក្រុមប្រឹក្សាឃុំ-សង្កាត់ទាំង៥០០៧នាក់ដែលប្រជាជនពលរដ្ឋបោះឆ្នោតអោយ យកមកអោយមនុស្សដែលមានស្វាមីភក្តិជាមួយខ្លួនវិញ។

មិនមែនគ្រាន់តែរំលោភទៅលើរដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញ រំលោភអំណាច និងប្រកាសជាសត្រូវជាមួយប្រជាពលរដ្ឋខ្លួនឯងប៉ុណ្ណោះទេ ហ៊ុន-សែនហ៊ានធ្វើសម្បទានគ្រប់បែបយ៉ាងនៅពេលខ្លួនកំពុងមានអំណាចដូចជាសម្បទានល្អជាអាក្រក់ដោយការពារនិងតំឡើងបុណ្យសក្កិពួកជនទុច្ចរិត-ឃាតករ-ចោរជាដើម សម្បទានអោយចិនអាចប្រើប្រាស់ដីខ្មែរបានយ៉ាងសេរី និងសម្បទាយួនរឿងបោះបង្គោលព្រំដែនជាដើម។ល។និង។ល។ ហ៊ុន-សែនហ៊ានសម្បទានគ្រប់បែបយ៉ាងអោយជននិងប្រទេសណាដែលហ៊ានជួយការពារអំណាចគាត់កំឡុងពេលផុយស្រួយនៃអំណាចខ្លួនសព្វថ្ងៃនេះ។

លោកសម-រង្ស៊ីអោនថើបព្រះធរណីកម្ពុជាក្នុងកំឡុងមានមនុស្សច្រើនដល់លាននាក់មកទទួលលោកនៅព្រលានយន្តហោះនៅថ្ងៃទី១៩ កក្កដា ២០១៣។

លទ្ធផលពីនយោបាយហក់ចូលក្នុងឆ្នាំងដំាទឹកពុះរបស់ហ៊ុន-សែននាពេលនេះគឺ លោកសម-រង្ស៊ីប្រកាសប្រើអំណាចប្រជាជន(people power)និងកៀរគរអ្នកស្នេហាជាតិពិតប្រាកដក្នុងជួរគណបក្សប្រជាជនដែលកំពុងមិនពេញចិត្តលោកហ៊ុន-សែនស្រាប់ ក៏ដូចជាចូលទៅរំដោះព្រះមហាក្សត្រពីការគាបសង្កត់ពីហ៊ុន-សែន រំដោះកម្ពុជាពីចិន-យួន ការពារអ៊ីប៊ីអេ(EBA)និងជីអេសស្ទី(GST) និងស្តារនីតិរដ្ឋក៏ដូចជាលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យឡើងវិញស្របតាមរដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញនិងកិច្ចព្រមព្រៀងសន្តិភាពទីក្រុងប៉ារីស។ មកដល់ថ្ងៃនេះ ក្រោមសំពាធពីប្រជាពលរដ្ឋពេញនគរ អង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិនិងពិភពលោកទាំងមូល ចិន-យួនអាចដោះដៃចេញពីហ៊ុន-សែន នៅពេលពួកគេបានទទួលសម្បទានពីហ៊ុន-សែនរួចរាល់ ហើយមិនចង់ប្រឈមជាមួយកំឡាំងប្រជាពលរដ្ឋខ្មែរនិងពិភពលោកទាំងមូល។

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The Rising Cost of Strongman Rule in Cambodia

The Rising Cost of Strongman Rule in Cambodia

Op-Ed: Project Syndicate

Apr 12, 2019 SAM RAINSY

Despite boasting unrivaled tourist attractions, large stores of natural resources that could be profitably and responsibly exploited, and one of the world’s youngest labor forces the country’s economy is floundering. And, after 34 years of Prime Minister Hun Sen’s dictatorial rule, Cambodians could soon be facing a higher price.

PARIS – On April 4, a group of international buyers’ associations from the garment, footwear, sporting, and travel goods industries sent a letter to Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen to express concerns over abusive labor practices and human-rights violations. Already, Cambodia’s tax-free access to the vast European Union market, granted under the EU’s Everything But Armsscheme, is in danger of being suspended over such violations.If the country is excluded permanently from EBA and other preferential trading arrangements, the associations warned, their sectors – and the Cambodian economy – will take a serious hit.

Hun Sen claims that the international community is unfairly singling out Cambodia. But the truth is that intensifying pressure on the country is consistent with a broader global shift, in which investment is increasingly guided – even dictated – by environmental, social, and governance (ESG) factors.


Cambodia’s descent into dictatorship under the Hun Sen regime | Four Corners

Gone are the days when strong ESG performance was a nice bonus for investors. Pension trustees and fund managers now insist that the companies in which they invest operate in ethical, transparent ways that limit reputational risk. Investment decisions at emerging-market funds are thus increasingly preceded by rigorous ESG screenings – screenings that, after 34 years of Hun Sen’s dictatorial rule, Cambodia has no chance of passing.

Continue reading “The Rising Cost of Strongman Rule in Cambodia”
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European Sanctions Are a Response to Cambodia’s Totalitarian Shift

Op-Ed: The Diplomat

European Sanctions Are a Response to Cambodia’s Totalitarian Shift

Let the Cambodia earth witness for the Sam RainsySince 2001 Cambodia has benefited from an exceptional trading advantage, granted by the European Union thanks to an initiative known as “Everything But Arms” (EBA).  This provides the possibility of exporting to Europe without quotas or customs duties. The advantage was given to a group of countries in the process of development and transition toward democracy. The intention of the European Commission was to help “least developed countries” to escape from poverty but also — a parallel, mandatory, criteria — to progress on the path to democracy and respect for human rights.

Since its creation, the EBA program has proved vital for Cambodia, whose economy is based on the export-oriented clothing industry (40 percent of GDP and 60 percent of exports). The European Union buys 40 percent of the clothes produced in Cambodia, through leading international brands.

In September, the European Union decided to begin the process of suspending Cambodia’s EBA participation because of the totalitarian drift of the regime in Phnom Penh. Under the leadership of Prime Minister Hun Sen — a former Khmer Rouge member who has been in power since 1985 — the only opposition party in parliament, the CNRP, was arbitrarily dissolved in late 2017 and its leader, Kem Sokha, arrested, while civil society organizations and the independent media were shut down. This set the scene for rigged elections in July 2018, with 100 percent of the seats in the National Assembly being won by the ruling party. Such a result demonstrates the return to a Communist-style, single-party system which the Paris Accords of 1991 intended to banish.

Beyond applying pressure for the respect of democratic principles and human rights, this threatened European sanction could kill two birds with one stone by also triggering healthy economic reforms through better governance. Cambodia is, according to Transparency International, one of the most corrupt countries in the world and, according to the World Bank, one of the poorest. The correlation between corrupt governance and poverty no longer needs to be demonstrated; the former leads directly to the latter.This totalitarian drift violates the conditions to benefit from EBA, and obliged the European Union to punish the Phnom Penh regime by suspending it. But the suspension will only be effective after a delay of 12 months, giving Hun Sen time — supposing that he has the political will — to return to the path of democracy.

The most flagrant evidence of poor governance doesn’t just lie in the systematic pillage of national wealth by an elite which clings to power indefinitely. It also consists in poor strategic decisions taken by irresponsible leaders who are incapable of a clear and coherent vision for the future of their country.

The weight of the clothing industry in Cambodia and the country’s dependence on this single industry are a striking example of this poor governance. Since the start of the process of globalization and the return of peace in the 1990s, an industrial revolution has taken place in Cambodia, driven by a clothing industry characterized by low added value and low salaries (the basic salary of a Cambodian worker is currently $170 per month). But over the last 20 to 25 years, instead of using this industry as a basis from which to diversify the economy toward higher added-value industries, the regime has allowed the national economy to become ever more dependent on a single industry. This negligence has aggravated Cambodia’s relative poverty compared to neighboring countries.

Worse, productivity within this clothing industry remains very low, meaning Cambodia can’t compete internationally without the commercial advantages provided by the European Union. Weak productivity itself reflects poor governance in the form of dilapidated public and social services, notably in health, education and professional training. Cambodia’s lack of industrial competitivity results from the corruption and negligence lamented by investors, who are faced with poor road and port infrastructure, administrative costs that include bribes to be paid at every level, exorbitant prices for state-supplied electricity, and so on.

If, to be able to survive, Cambodia’s clothing industry, a pillar of the national economy, must rely indefinitely on European trading advantages to resist competition from others who lack them, then the European Union will be subsidising and financially rewarding, through the trading system, the corruption and poor governance of the regime.

This raises the question of the effectiveness of international aid, which starts from good intentions, but has perverse effects which may do the recipient country more harm than good by helping to maintain anachronistic structures.

Faced with Hun Sen, who is holding his people hostage as part of a campaign to emotionally blackmail the international community, Europe must hold firm. The dictator has feet of clay and his days are numbered in the absence of imperative and urgent reforms.

Sam Rainsy is an exiled leader of the Cambodian opposition and former minister of finance.

This piece originally appeared in French in Libération.

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Letter to the Editor of Cambodia Daily about Sam Rainsy’s Resignation

Rainsy’s Resignation Begins New Chapter

As the article “Rainsy Quits Amid Threat, But CNRP Still in Danger” (February 13) notes, Sam Rainsy resigned as president of the CNRP to save his party from dissolution at the hands of Prime Minister Hun Sen-with commune election coming in June and the national election next year.

Academics see Mr. Hun Sen’s non-stop obsession to divide and weaken the CNRP as a pre-emptive tactic before the elections, ensuring his preferred outcome. His activities have surpassed all efforts to reform and destroyed what good might have come of it.

Mr. Rainsy has laid out an inclusive policy to include Cambodians overseas, especially millions of migrant workers, to be able to vote, as opposed to Mr. Hun Sen who has advocated to exclude them.

Apart from his personal integrity and genuine patriotism, Mr. Rainsy is clear and intelligent in handling political truces with Mr. Hun Sen. With more than 23 years experience in leading opposition party, his effort paid off in 2013. Seas of people gathered in tsunamic-like crowd to welcome him back home at the airport a few days prior to the national election, which the CNRP nearly won.

From now on, Mr. Rainsy will be an icon of change and idealistic pragmatism in Cambodia. His political career is not over. As long as Cambodian people, especially younger voters, remain supportive of his decadeslong struggle, his vision for Cambodia will cease to be a dream.

Sophan Seng is executive director of the Committee for Election Rights of Overseas Cambodians.  

Letter to the Editor on Cambodia Daily

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