Leadership Skills

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Posted by: | Posted on: February 27, 2016

The effectiveness of leadership is to produce more leaders not more followers

Political Paradigm of Pragmatism from the Khmer Youth part 51

This part (51), Mr. Sophan Seng elaborated on good leaders who have always produced more leaders, not more HE Sam Rainsy 9followers. Theoretically, the concept broadens from family leadership, to community and nation leadership. Western philosophy as well as Cambodian philosophy exclusively boosts the importance of empowering youths and new members of community to be self-reliance and self-accountability. Khmer proverb says “young bamboo shoots are the backbone of future generations” is a testament of this basic human resource leadership.

Practically, at the juncture of Cambodia changes, political landscape has been inherited by hierarchy of upper power abused their own power boundary to advance for personal gains. Subsequently, the lower powers and bottom line citizens are tamed to be submissive and dependent. This type of leadership shall shrink this nation in the long term future.

To develop this nation for long term future sustainable growth, the attitude change is a must for all Cambodian citizens. But to achieve this mission pragmatically, we should consider the Khmer proverb “don’t bent the Srolao tree, don’t instruct the oldies”. So to change attitude of Cambodian people, we should begin with those children (kindergarten or grade 1).

Posted by: | Posted on: March 23, 2015

Political Paradigm of Pragmatism from Khmer Youth part 13

This part, Mr. Sophan Seng, articulated on 10 rules that all leaders have practiced and succeeded it fundamentally.

leadership1. Dana = sharing with the populace
2. Sila = maintaining good conduct
3. Pariccaka = working selflessly
4. Ajjava = working honestly
5. Matthava = deporting himself with gentleness and congeniality
6. Tapa = rejecting indulgence through austerity
7. Akkodha = adhering to reason, not anger
8. Avihimsa = bringing tranquility through non-violence
9. Khanti = overcoming difficulty and conflict with patience
10. Avirodhana = not doing that which strays from righteousness

Posted by: | Posted on: February 24, 2015

Political Paradigm of Pragmatism from Young Khmer Generation 9

This part, the author analysed on good characteristics and visions of leaders by depicting “good characteristics of people” according to Buddha’s teaching as following:

  1. Knowing principle and knowing causes = it means leaders must balance all incoming data and information
  2. Knowing objectives and knowing results = leaders must know the set goal and encounter with all results
  3. Knowing oneself = leader should know his own ability, tendency, weakness, and strength
  4. Knowing moderation = as human craving is indefinite, leaders must consume material and money for necessary to achieve their good mission.
  5. Knowing occasion = there are many occasions in leadership that leader are facing with in front of their eyes and their mouth, they must select words to communicate and enforce it.
  6. Knowing company = there are different groups of people with their common interests and traditions that leaders must prepare in advance before association or joining with the group.
  7. Knowing persons = again, social issues are handling with human beings or persons that all leaders must know their traits, tendency, culture, and tradition etc.

Posted by: | Posted on: February 12, 2015

Boss and Leader in Khmer Context and Western Perception


There is no clear definition to explain the different between BOSS and LEADER in Khmer language. Usually, Khmer people call their upper authority in different words such as “boss មេ”, “owner ចៅហ្វាយនាយ”, “manager អ្នកចាត់ការ”, “chief លោកនាយក”, “president លោកប្រធាន”, “leader អ្នកដឹកនាំ”. While boss, owner, manager, chief, or president, have been daily used referring to first and second person, leader is likely more into third person. With this context, “boss” has been used by English speakers referring to first and second person as well, while “leader” in more into third person.

Beside these direct words to call upper authority, Khmer language has diverse terms referring to “leader” such as “Prime Minister នាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រី”, “King ព្រះរាជា”, and “Abbot ចៅអធិការ”.

​”boss មេ”​​​ and “leader អ្នកដឹកនាំ” in Khmer historical context

During Angkorean period, Kamarateng anh, or kamaratang anh had been popularly used, according to old khmer and inscriptions, to describe “boss” or “leader”. Though, these words have evolved into “kamdaeng anh”, or “ah pdaeng” in present day use, these lexicons have not been used like intended before.

Boss or Me/Mae refers to vertical authoritative individuals in social structure such as village chief, commune chief, district chief, and provincial chief. It has deeply embedded within all ranks of vertical leadership in both civilian and armed forces ranking. By practice, Khmer term of this boss is at the same interpretation of Boss vs Leader in Western world.

Leader or Me Deuk Noam/Neak Deuk Noam has also embedded within vertical leadership of Cambodian political culture. It is not that popular like Boss or Me in Cambodian society. After the election sponsored by the United Nations in 1993, the demonstrators have inclusively called for leadership change or Pdo Pdo. This new term appeal has signified the less usage in the past and also trumped up new concept from those younger generation.

From past to present, Cambodian leadership has been inclined into sacred in state of nature, cult of personality, belief in reincarnation authority, and backing by foreign states. A prolific leader who has attracted most Cambodian people and outside observers is King Norodom Sihanouk. He was influenced by Western culture and leadership. He has jumped out from the cult of personality who sitting on the throne to watch people kneeling, by walking through the crowd, shaking hand, hugging and kissing to every greeting citizen. His this new transformation of leadership gained him huge population support. He has also switched his leadership from Monarch to Prime Minister, and to Monarch again for what he called this a second Kingdom during the UNTAC-sponsored election in Cambodia.

His leadership style is mixed by personal performance, social norm and new wave of acceptance, and the transformation of personality leadership. He is more into charismatic leadership than servant leadership and intelligent leadership. If people can call him directly, they might call him “Boss” than “Leader”. Younger generation who has pursued his style of Leadership is no one else, the Cambodia current Prime Minister Hun Sen.

Boss vs Leader in Western World

There are at least 12 factors to characterize leadership or a good leader such as “focus on team interests and needs, inspiration, integrity, clear goals, good example, vision, clear communication, expect the best, supportive, encouragement, recognition, and stimulating work”.

But below clips are more about Boss vs Leader that everyone must take a look.

boss vs leader 12 boss vs leader 11 boss vs leader 10 boss vs leader 9


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