មុនស្លាប់ តើលោក លីខ្វាន់យូ បានសរសេរដូចម្ដេចខ្លះអំពីប្រទេសកម្ពុជា?

មុនស្លាប់ តើលោក លីខ្វាន់យូ បានសរសេរដូចម្ដេចខ្លះអំពីប្រទេសកម្ពុជា?

លោកថា៖ «ប្រជាជនកម្ពុជា គឺជាមនុស្សបរាជ័យ។ ប្រទេសត្រូវខ្ទេច វណ្ណៈអ្នកមានការអប់រំរបស់ប្រទេសនេះត្រូវបានកម្ទេច [ហើយ]សេដ្ឋកិច្ចត្រូវបានបំផ្លាញ។ រដ្ឋប្រហារ*របស់លោក ហ៊ុន សែន ធ្វើអោយការចូលជាសមាជិកអាស៊ានរបស់កម្ពុជាត្រូវបានផ្អាក»។ លោក លី ខ្វាន់យូ បានបញ្ចប់ថា៖ «មេដឹកនាំបច្ចុប្បន្នរបស់[កម្ពុជា] គឺជាលទ្ធផលនៃការច្បាំងយ៉ាងជូរចត់ [និង]មួយអស់ដៃ ហើយក្នុងនោះ គូប្រជែងត្រូវបានគេកម្ទេច ឬកាច់ធ្មុង។ [មេដឹកនាំទាំងនេះ] គ្មានក្ដីមេត្តាទេ ហើយសាហាវ គឺគ្មានមនោសញ្ចេតនាជាមនុស្ស។ ប្រវត្តិសាស្ត្រព្រៃផ្សៃណាស់សម្រាប់ជនជាតិខ្មែរ»។

October 12, 2018 ជុំ សុខណា ក្រឡេកក្រោយ,រណឫទ្ធិ, ហ៊ុន សែន

Before His Death, What Did Lee Kuan Yew Write about Cambodia?

ដោយ៖ ជុំ សុខណា

ភ្នំពេញ៖ លោក លី ខ្វាន់យូ(Lee Kuan Yew) គឺជាបិតាស្ថាបនិកប្រទេសសាំងកាពួរ (ឬសិង្ហបុរី) ដែលបានប្រវេប្រវាកសាងប្រទេសនៅតំបន់អាស៊ីអាគ្នេយ៍មួយនេះ ពីប្រទេសតតិយលោក រហូតមកក្លាយជាប្រទេសអ្នកមាន។ លោកធ្វើជានាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រីសាំងកាពួរពីឆ្នាំ១៩៥៩ ដល់ឆ្នាំ១៩៩០ ហើយលោកទទួលមរណភាពនៅឆ្នាំ២០១៥។

លោក លី ខ្វាន់យូ ត្រូវបានគេស្គាល់ថា ជាមេដឹកនាំដែលផ្ដាច់ការ តែប្រកបដោយទស្សនវិស័យភ្លឺស្វាង។ ការដឹកនាំប្រទេសរបស់គាត់ គឺកត់សម្គាល់ដោយពង្រឹងវិន័យរបស់ប្រជាជនសាំងកាពួរម្នាក់ៗ។ ចំណុចនេះហើយ ដែលធ្វើអោយប្រទេសបស្ចឹមលោក ដែលគោរពសិទ្ធិបុគ្គលនោះ តែងតែចោទប្រកាន់លោក លី ខ្វាន់យូ ថាបានរំលោភលើសិទ្ធិឯកជនរបស់ពលរដ្ឋខ្លួន ដែលនេះក៏ជាប្រធានបទសួរដេញដោលមួយដែរ នៅពេលដែលលោកត្រូវបានអញ្ជើញអោយថ្លែងទៅកាន់សភារួមរបស់សហរដ្ឋអាមេរិកនៅខែតុលា ឆ្នាំ១៩៨៥។

ប៉ុន្តែទោះជាយ៉ាងណាក៏ដោយ ក្រោយពីបានមើលឃើញភាពជោគជ័យនៃការកសាងរដ្ឋសាំងកាពួរ ពិភពលោកបានផ្ដល់តម្លៃយ៉ាងខ្លាំងចំពោះទស្សនៈរបស់លោក។ ក្នុងនោះរួមមានការរៀបចំវេទិកាជាច្រើន ដែលអញ្ជើញលោកធ្វើជាវាគ្មិន ទោះបីជាលោកមានវ័យជរាណាស់ទៅហើយក៏ដោយ។ មនុស្សនៅតែចាប់អារម្មណ៍ចង់ស្ដាប់គំនិតរបស់លោកក្នុងការដឹកនាំប្រទេសនានា ដែលរាប់តាំងពីអ្នកសួរចង់អោយលោកផ្ដល់យោបល់ពីរបៀបដឹកនាំប្រទេសឥណ្ឌា រហូតដល់វៀតណាម។

មុនលោកស្លាប់ លោកក៏បាននិពន្ធសៀវភៅមួយក្បាលដែលបោះពុម្ពនៅឆ្នាំ២០០០ និងមានចំណងជើងថា៖ «ពីប្រទេសតតិយលោក មកកាន់ប្រទេសបឋមលោក(From Third World To First)»។ នៅក្នុងសៀវភៅដែលមានកម្រាស់ ៧២៩ទំព័រនេះ ក៏មាននិយាយអំពីប្រទេសកម្ពុជាប្រហែល ៤ទំព័រដែរ។ នេះអាចប្រហែលមកពីប្រទេសកម្ពុជាមិនសូវសំខាន់ ឬក៏លោក លី ខ្វាន់យូ ផ្ទាល់មានទំនាក់ទំនងតិចតួចជាមួយកម្ពុជា។

នៅក្នុងការនិយាយអំពីប្រទេសកម្ពុជានេះ លោក លី ខ្វាន់យូ បាននិយាយទៅដល់ឥស្សរជននយោបាយសំខាន់ៗចំនួន ៣រូប គឺសម្ដេច សីហនុ ទ្រង់ រណឫទ្ធិ និងលោក ហ៊ុន សែន។

ចំពោះសម្ដេច សីហនុ លោក លី ខ្វាន់យូ បានប្រើពាក្យបរិយាយយ៉ាងដូច្នេះថា៖ «[សម្តេច] សីហនុ គឺជាមនុស្សមានប្រជាប្រិយក្រៃលែង ឆ្លៀវឆ្លាតខ្លាំង និងពោរពេញដោយថាមភាព និងការរីករាយជាមួយជីវិត។ គាត់មានលក្ខណៈ និងបែបបទជាសុភាពបុរសបារាំងដែលមានការអប់រំ ក្នុងនោះរួមទាំងអាកប្បកិរិយា និងឫកពារ ហើយគាត់និយាយភាសាអង់គ្លេសស្ទីលបារាំង»។

សម្ដេចព្រះ នរោត្តម សីហនុ អតីតព្រះមហាក្សត្រខ្មែរ។

លោក លី ខ្វាន់យូ បានពិពណ៌នាអំពីទ្រង់បន្ថែមថា៖ «ព្រះអង្គម្ចាស់អង្គនេះឆេវឆាវ(mercurial) ប្រតិកម្មរហ័សទៅកាន់ពាក្យរិះគន់។ គាត់តែងតែឆ្លើយតបនឹងអត្ថបទសារព័ត៌មានទាំងឡាយណា ដែលមានលក្ខណៈរិះគន់។ នយោបាយ សម្រាប់គាត់គឺសារព័ត៌មាន និងការលេចមុខជាសាធារណៈ»។

Continue reading “មុនស្លាប់ តើលោក លីខ្វាន់យូ បានសរសេរដូចម្ដេចខ្លះអំពីប្រទេសកម្ពុជា?”
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Hun Sen’s Cambodia could be in trouble

Hun Sen’s Cambodia could be in trouble

Jason Thomas 3 June 2019

His victory came after a political crackdown which saw the dissolution of the opposition Cambodian National Rescue Party (CNRP), the detention of its leader Kem Sokha, and the banning from political activity of 118 senior CNRP members.

Hun Sen has ruled Cambodia for more than 34 years, and the EU Foreign Affairs Council has deemed the recent 2018 elections as “not legitimate”.


This file photo shows Cambodian female workers sewing at a factory in Sihanouk province, some 230 kilometres southwest of Phnom Penh, Cambodia. (Tang Chhin Sothy / AFP Photo)

Op-Ed: The ASEAN Post

There is growing concern about the European Union’s (EU) proposed suspension of its Everything But Arms (EBA) trade agreement with Cambodia, a move which could set the country back years.

Established in 2001, EBA gives 49 of the world’s least developed countries tax-free access to vital EU markets for their exports except for arms and ammunition.

While the EU has always warned that EBA preferences can be removed if beneficiary countries fail to respect core United Nations (UN) and International Labour Organisation (ILO) conventions, there is a real threat that this could come at the cost of massive unemployment and stagnant growth in Cambodia.

Source: World Bank

Role in economy, employment

Making up 39 percent of the country’s total exports, the garment and footwear sectors employ more than 700,000 Cambodians and are the country’s largest employers. Cambodia’s exports to the EU totalled US$5.47 billion last year – more than a third of its total exports – with textiles and footwear making up the majority of that sum.

After the Garment Manufacturers Association in Cambodia warned of a halt in the country’s development in February due to the possible EBA suspension, the National Union Alliance Chamber of Cambodia (NUACC) last week said that the lifting of the tariff system will affect the livelihoods of about three million Cambodians.

On 2 May, a coalition of 20 international brands which source from Cambodia – including Nike, adidas and Levi Strauss – wrote a letter to Cambodia’s Prime Minister Hun Sen outlining their concerns that the labour and human rights situation in Cambodia is posing a risk to trade preferences for the country.

The EBA suspension would increase tariffs in the garment sector by 12 percent and the footwear sector by eight to 16 percent, costing US$676 million in additional taxes. The fear is that the rise in tariffs could lead to investors moving to other countries that enjoy EBA, thus affecting Cambodian jobs.

The NUACC estimated that some 43 percent of garment workers (nearly 225,000 people) and 20 percent of footwear workers (more than 20,000 people) would be left unemployed, stating that “research suggests and history demonstrates that economic sanctions lead to an increase in poverty – especially among women, minority communities and other marginalised groups.”

Why is the EBA being removed? 

The EBA has led to a 630 percent increase in Cambodia’s garment and footwear exports to the EU since 2008, helping the Cambodian economy to grow by 7.5 percent in 2018 according to the World Bank. The two sectors recorded a five-year high in 2018, rising by 17.6 percent – more than double the 8.3 percent increase in 2017.

Helping to lift one-third of the country’s population out of poverty between 2007 and 2014, the garment and footwear sectors are now at risk following the EU’s decision to start an 18-month review on whether to suspend duty-free preferences in February after the European Commission called Cambodia out for its “deterioration of democracy, respect for human rights and the rule of law.”

The EU warned Cambodia that it could lose this special status after last July’s elections kept Hun Sen in power and saw his Cambodian People’s Party win all parliamentary seats.

His victory came after a political crackdown which saw the dissolution of the opposition Cambodian National Rescue Party (CNRP), the detention of its leader Kem Sokha, and the banning from political activity of 118 senior CNRP members.

Hun Sen has ruled Cambodia for more than 34 years, and the EU Foreign Affairs Council has deemed the recent 2018 elections as “not legitimate”.

Correct approach?

Is the EBA suspension – which, if confirmed, will only come into effect in August 2020 – really the best way to address Cambodia’s poor human rights record and democratic strength?

Continue reading “Hun Sen’s Cambodia could be in trouble”
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Letter to Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong of Singapore

Dear Mr. Lee;

Just your word to last tribute to the death of your friend, Cambodian incumbent authoritative and illegitimate leaders, both elders and youngs, have come out to denounce you. As I am younger generation, Cambodia is shameful by those irrational leaders who are very defensive, conservative, and radical in protecting foreigner like Vietnam. When they come out to denounce your statement about past invasion of Vietnam into Cambodia’s soil, it is not different from anti-national interests, anti-national constitution, and anti- the will of Cambodian people.

The CPP has been astute in their defending the action of Vietnam’s presence in Cambodia by claiming such action as liberation, not invasion…hence, their claim has resulted of losing support from Cambodian voters until they have decisively turned to use mean of last resort to renew power by using the Supreme Court to dissolve the Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) without having credible legal cause. By this gross act against the will of Cambodian people, CPP under Hun Sen leadership has likely changed to the Khmer Rouge leadership style by turning back on their own people or Westerners called “Enemy of the People”. Such heretic and paranoid power thirst, history of atrocity and crime against humanity would be possibly repeated itself.

There are also weirdest reaction from youngsters of those elites of Cambodia. They came out to denounce your statement and praise the Vietnamese. Those youngsters have been really domesticated by their elders to conduct “outward” policy towards foreigner such as Vietnam at the expenses of Cambodia’s interests. Those youngsters are believably groomed by corruption, entitlement and wealth without carrying basic humanity such as social justice, code of ethics, integrity, professionalism, and hard working to leapfrog from the incumbent political behaviour of division and serving foreign’s interests. Sometime, their graduation from Western sphere is just a brand to continually manipulate Cambodian public as their mindset and political behaviour are at the same baseline of their parents.

Sincerely yours,

Sophoan Seng

Lee Kuan Yew mentioned the Vietnam Invasion of Cambodia
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Cambodia’s PM Hun Sen Dismisses Calls For Resignation, Vows to ‘Wage War’ on Opposition

Cambodia’s PM Hun Sen Dismisses Calls For Resignation, Vows to ‘Wage War’ on Opposition

Op-Ed: RFA, 2019-05-30

Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen delivers a speech during the 25th International Conference on The Future Of Asia in Tokyo, May 30, 2019.

Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen delivers a speech during the 25th International Conference on The Future Of Asia in Tokyo, May 30, 2019.

 AFP

Cambodia’s Prime Minister Hun Sen on Thursday brushed aside calls by members of the Cambodian diaspora in Japan to resign, pledging instead to “wage war” against his country’s banned opposition party and vowing to “destroy” its acting president, Sam Rainsy.

During the third day of his May 28-31 visit to Tokyo to attend the 25th session of the Future of Asia conference, Hun Sen told regional leaders during a speech that he has no plans to step down or to back off former members of the opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP), which Cambodia’s Supreme Court dissolved in November 2017 for its alleged role in a plot to topple the government.

“I am declaring today that we will continue to implement legal measures against those who are being charged [with crimes],” Hun Sen said, referring to members of the CNRP leadership in exile, including Sam Rainsy, who fled the country in 2016 to avoid what he says are politically motivated convictions, and has worked to gather support for the party abroad.

“Meanwhile, I am waging war against a person [Sam Rainsy] who has claimed to have established a movement in Japan, Thailand and Cambodia to stage a war against me,” he added, calling the CNRP chief “a dog that I need to destroy.”

As long as the CNRP “continues to wage a war against me, I will continue to fight them,” Hun Sen vowed.

The 2017 Supreme Court ruling banning the CNRP paved the way for Hun Sen’s ruling Cambodian People’s Party (CPP) to steamroll a general election in July last year widely seen as unfree and unfair, amid a wider crackdown on the opposition, NGOs and the independent media.

In addition to ongoing political restrictions on former CNRP officials, authorities have summoned dozens of former CNRP members in Battambang and Kampong Thom provinces for questioning in recent weeks for allegedly violating the Supreme Court decision after they were seen in public eating noodles together or had expressed support in social media posts for the party’s leaders.

Anti-Hun Sen protests

On Thursday, more than 30 members of Japan’s Cambodian diaspora held a protest outside of Hun Sen’s hotel in Tokyo, carrying banners demanding that he step down, and urging China to stop supporting his rule.

They also gathered outside of the home of Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and in front of the National Diet of Japan, or parliament, shouting “Hun Sen must go” and likening him to Pol Pot, under whose 1975-79 Khmer Rouge regime an estimated 3 million Cambodians are believed to have died.

Several protesters told RFA’s Khmer Service that they had left Cambodia to find work in Japan because they lacked opportunities back home, including Nep Bora, who said she envies Japanese citizens because “their government is taking care of them.”

“Hun Sen has been in power for about 40 years, but we don’t even have enough water and electricity,” she said of Southeast Asia’s longest ruling strongman.

Others highlighted governance issues under Hun Sen’s watch that include forest destruction, land disputes, rampant corruption, and widespread poverty.

In response to Hun Sen’s comments on Thursday, Sam Rainsy told RFA that the CNRP has no intention of starting a war against the prime minister, who he labeled a “gangster” that resorts to “abusive language.”

“We don’t regard Cambodians as enemies,” he said.

“Hun Sen is waging a war against Cambodians … I am appealing to Cambodians to oppose this dictator to prevent him from destroying our nation.”

Political analyst Lao Mong Hay warned that the war of words between Hun Sen and Sam Rainsy is affecting Cambodia’s international reputation.

He also suggested that Hun Sen’s threats are part of a bid to dissuade Sam Rainsy from returning to Cambodia, as he has vowed to do this year so that he can lead the opposition to victory over the ruling party.

Members of the Cambodian diaspora in Japan display a banner used in a protest against Hun Sen in Tokyo, May 30, 2019. Credit: RFA listenersUS relations

While in Japan, Hun Sen expressed gratitude to his hosts for contributing to Cambodia’s development through financing and infrastructure, as well as investment by the Japanese private sector, and called for additional assistance from Tokyo going forward.

Continue reading “Cambodia’s PM Hun Sen Dismisses Calls For Resignation, Vows to ‘Wage War’ on Opposition”
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