This part (34), the author Mr. Sophan Seng described the recommendations for international aids to Cambodia should be more effective by focusing on grassroots levels than urban organizations. More than this, the aids dependency of Cambodia is not supportive for her future long term development at all.
According to expertise, international aids to Cambodia has created more complicate problems than helping solve the entrenched problems. For instance, foreign expertise and foreign monitors focused more on their continuing careers and lucrative commissions than to transparently implement the aids works.
For the government, the aids channels have given them more leverages to heighten social status and power. There are numerous issues lingering aids corruption if aids had directly provided to the government agencies. There are new trends plausible for aids providers to provide aids to NGOs than government affiliated ones at the present.
Hun Sen takes one last shot at Todd
Boasting of his more than 30 years’ ruling Cambodia, Prime Minister Hun Sen said on Saturday that he could teach a thing or two to the West about running a country while managing demands for change.The premier, who is Southeast Asia’s longest-serving current leader, recalled a conversation he had with former United States ambassador William Todd as the diplomat prepared to leave Cambodia earlier this month.
“I told him, have you forgotten who His Excellency [William Todd] is speaking with?
His Excellency is actually speaking with a professor who can teach him, his president, and the prime ministers of other countries about the issues that come with change,” Hun Sen said, speaking at a dinner held by an association of Cambodia’s most powerful tycoons on the capital’s Koh Pich, or Diamond Island.
“If I didn’t understand change and couldn’t control it, how would it be possible for me to stay in power for over 30 years?”
Hun Sen said he had grown weary of hearing calls for “change” from Western countries, mocking the US for the changes that had come about in some countries in the Middle East.
“I am tired of the advice of some countries telling Cambodia to change,” he said.
“I told [Todd] that because America’s inability to control ‘change’ in Libya, Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan, ISIS is now active.”
Hun Sen went on to say that Cambodia had undergone successful transformations without outside interference.
មានប្រសាសន៍នៅមជ្ឈមណ្ឌលពិព័រណ៍ និងសន្និបាតកោះពេជ្រ លោក ហ៊ុន សែន នាយករដ្ឋមន្រ្តីកម្ពុជាបានអះអាងថា៖ «ថ្ងៃមុនខ្ញុំជួប ជាមួយឯកអគ្គរដ្ឋទូតអាមេរិក មុនពេលដែលចាកចេញពីកម្ពុជា។ នៅពេលដែលគាត់ និយាយជាមួយខ្ញុំ គាត់និយាយយ៉ាងច្រើន អំពីអ្វីដែលហៅថាការ “ផ្លាស់ប្ដូរ”។ ខ្ញុំក៏បាននិយាយទៅកាន់គាត់វិញថា តើអ្នកភ្លេចទេ ឬអ្នកកំពុងនិយាយ ជាមួយអ្នកណា? ឯកឧត្តមកំពុងនិយាយ ជាមួយអ្នកណា? ឯកឧត្តមពិតជា កំពុងនិយាយជាមួយ “សាស្ត្រាចារ្យម្នាក់” ដែលអាចបង្រៀនឯកឧត្តម ឬប្រធានាធិបតី ប្រទេសឯកឧត្តម ឬនាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រីប្រទេសផ្សេង លើបញ្ហាការផ្លាស់ប្ដូរ។»
នៅក្នុងវីដេអូនោះ លោក អូបាម៉ា បានថ្លែងទៀតថា អ្នកខ្លះថាមានតែ“គេ”ទេ ដែលអាចដឹកនាំ និងរក្សាស្ថេរភាពប្រទេស នោះបាន។ លោកបានបង្ហាញ ការយល់ឃើញរបស់ខ្លួន យ៉ាងដូច្នេះថា តែសំរាប់លោកវិញ លោកមិនយល់ដូច្នេះឡើយ។ លោកនឹងជំរុញ ឲ្យមេដឹកនាំទាំងឡាយ ចេះគោរពច្បាប់ និងផ្តល់ឱកាស ដល់អ្នកថ្មី បានកាន់កាប់កិច្ចការដឹកនាំប្រទេសផងដែរ។ លោកបានថ្លេងទៀតថា៖ «ខ្ញុំពិតជាមានឱកាស និងវិធីសាស្ត្រច្រើន ដែលខ្ញុំអាចឈ្នះ តែខ្ញុំមិនធ្វើ។ ខ្ញុំគោរពច្បាប់។ (I actually Think about the opportunity any way I can win but I can’t. I respect to the law)»។
This year is signified by its second attempt of education’s dictatorial regime of Cambodia to strictly monitor the exam’s session for high school students nationwide (watch video clip by RFA).
There are more than 87,000 candidates have lined up in different 150 exam centers to enter into 3576 restricted exam rooms. The nation’s budget is spent not less than 4 millions dollar to attain the two days nationwide exam on August 25-26, 2015.
Cambodia has been well-known of rampant corruption accounting from officers’ offices to school compounds. Urging to topple the school’s bribery and corruption regime, the new measure of dictatorial monitoring during exam has been taken place. The monitoring methods are incorporated by Anti-Corruption United (ACU) to dispatch exam monitors to inspect and to spook all entering students. The exam agents are scavenging hiding sheets under their pants, or sleeves, or inside their shoes etc. Exam monitors also walked around the rooms, the tables, and espy from all directions during the exam. Policemen are also dispatched to monitor the students as well.
This is weird scene looking from outsiders when they are recalling their high school exam experiences. Regardless to mention Western countries, Cambodia’s neighboring Thailand, their exam environment didn’t translate students’ confidence into hostility at all. Beside of well reform in education through fiscal transparency and increasing budget allocation towards the demands of schools especially to increase teacher’s decent salary, the curriculum and learning environment, all are conducive and incentive to students to grab knowledge at their maximum without grabbing the feeling of hostility.
The attendance, the effort, and the scores of yearly accumulation, all are included into students’ portfolio. The exam has been happened for students to fulfill their learning representing about 30 to 40 percent only at the year end. Strangely, Cambodian students’ portfolio has not been included. Their whole year effort is badly excluded. They are counted only two days exam. If they passed, they are happy; but if they are failed, they are sad. Many of them have given up schools without fulfilling their dream to step up tertiary education.
This has been seen as dictatorial and extreme policy for Cambodian high school students to bring with them confidence after 12 years compulsory enrollment.
Cambodian students who are lining up to enter into the rooms of fame (exam rooms) with confusing feeling of working hard 365 days is likely meaningless for them because they have to fight for homestretch in just these two days.
Those students are competing in two days to pass the exam. It seems Cambodia is good in setting up a competitive stage by dispatching thousand monitor agents (arbitrators) to believe in fairness but not the ability of the players themselves. The high school students (players) have been poorly trained within the schools’compound to prepare the facing up with those alien arbitrators. The students are believed to force to walk on broken glass.
How about Cambodia’s competitiveness with outsiders? Hard to speak about it for sure!
Tribunal Suspects Say They Won’t Cooperate With Court
File photo of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia, court officers of the U.N.-backed war crimes tribunal are seen through windows during a hearing of former Khmer Rouge top leaders in Phnom Penh, file photo.
All suspects were named by an international judge at the Khmer Rouge tribunal in cases 003 and 004, though they have never been arrested by Cambodian authorities nor formally indicted.
That means the court has only successfully tried one suspect since 2006, the former supervisor of Tuol Sleng prison, Kaing Kek Iev. Two more suspects, senior leaders Nuon Chea and Khieu Samphan, are currently in the second and final stage of their trial at the court.
The remaining suspects say they will not cooperate with the court, casting doubt on whether they will ever be tried.
“I absolutely do not need to fight [the court],” told VOA Khmer recently at her home in Oddar Meanchey province. “I have built myself forward, through the ways of Buddhism.”
Im Chaem, the former Khmer Rouge secretary of Preah Net Preah district, Northwest Zone, is accused of “murder, extermination, enslavement, imprisonment, persecution on political grounds, and other inhumane acts” at a security center and worksite.
She denied any wrongdoing under the Khmer Rouge. “If I didn’t do things wrong, how can they arrest me?” she said. “It would be a human rights violation.”
When the international investigating judge, Mark Harmon, arrived at her house to issue his summons, she told him to leave and talk to her lawyer, she said. “I said only three words. He asked me to put the thumbprint. How can I put the thumbprint? I have nothing to put the thumbprint, and then I won’t go to the court.”
This part (33), the author Mr. Sophan Seng described the current dilemma of trust and social capital in Cambodia. The survey research released by Asia Foundation found that Cambodian people have little trust on Cambodia government and governance institution. The deficit of trust is clearly caused by following criteria:
1. Decades of past civil war in Cambodia accounting from Lon Nol republic regime, to brutal extremism of Khmer Rouge, to foreign occupation between 1979-1990, and political turbulence in post-UN sponsored election 1993, all have caused dividing and confrontational movements in Cambodia.
- Interference towards the Court and Judicial System of Cambodia by PM Hun Sen is critically saddening. His speech publicized through television about accusing the political activists and senator, and his direct ordering to arrest them are seen undermining the due processes of the court. This political behavior has stifled the judicial system in Cambodia to trial cases fairly, independently, and professionally.
- As Cambodia is paced in a post-conflicted stage, the outraging and sensitivity in existing controversies are very common. Hence, political leaders and academia must think twice before making a move with all their grand policy to avoid stagnation. Hun Sen has experienced well in creating public stunts to draw attention and to distract his opponents, but every move have not guaranteed his national interests goal as things could boomerang and bounce back to him unconditionally. Many times of his move shall result in more controversies and dividing.
- Prime Minister Hun Sen has been handling border issues through sensitive discrepancies. And the aim to amend the constitution article 2 is seen very unfavorable as Cambodian proverb said ” you couldn’t cut head to fit hat, but you can cut hat to fit head’.
At the end, the author articulated that good leaders must bear full accountability and transparency to benefit the nation. The nation refers to the Cambodian people, the land, and their future. While leader(s) shall be aged, sicked and died, only the nation and the people are continuing to struggle for their survival. Buddha admired those who have seen this truth and carry out the truth to their utmost ability. Eventually body shall be vanished but remained only name and honor, Buddha assured.