How Vietnam lost and China won Cambodia
But the question remains whether Cambodia is moving closer to China at the expense of Vietnam, or is the CPP moving closer to the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) at the expense of the Vietnam’s Communist Party? Beijing is now offering the same party-to-party exchanges and “soft power” roles that used to be exclusive to Hanoi.
More civil servants and ministry officials are traveling to China on visits to observe how politics operates there. Most ministries have signed bilateral agreements to boost joint cooperation. Beijing has also funded new think tanks in Cambodia, and is even paying for Cambodian journalists to visit China to study alongside their Chinese counterparts.
Thanks to scholarship programs, more than 1,000 Cambodians have now studied at Chinese universities, many of whom will go onto hold positions of influence. Most are likely to return imbued with China’s outlook on world affairs, in which Vietnam often plays the role of adversary, especially in regards to the South China Sea.
In December, China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi pledged more support for youth exchanges programs when he met Hun Many, one of Hun Sen’s sons who serves as president of the Union of Youth Federations of Cambodia, a CPP-aligned organization.
Another explanation of shifts in party-to-party relations between Cambodia and Vietnam is the supremacy of Hun Sen over the CPP. Analysts say that CPP grandees, like the late Chea Sim, the party’s president between 1991 to 2015, were avowedly pro-Vietnam.
Interior Minister Sar Kheng is another senior CPP official who is said to still have very close ties to Hanoi, though his control over the party is certainly not as significant as Hun Sen’s. The death or fading influence of such pro-Vietnam officials has allowed the CPP to rethink its foreign relations, analysts say.
Hun Sen (R) with Interior Minister Sar Kheng. Photo: AFP/Tang Chhin Sothy
“At least since 2008, Hun Sen has held almost all the cards in the CPP. Hun Sen was initially balancing between Vietnam and China. His decision to move closer to China was backed by the CPP because Hun Sen effectively is the CPP,” says Chambers.
There are also clear changes in military-to-military relations as China’s armed forces form even closer relations with Cambodia’s – possibly making Vietnam’s military ties less important in the process.
The two sides now hold regular joint training exercises, dubbed “Golden Dragon”, and Beijing invites senior Cambodian defense officials on state visits. This has become even more important after Phnom Penh postponed, for an undisclosed time, joint training operations with the US military, which is forming increasingly closer ties to Vietnam’s armed forces.
In recent years, China has also pledged hundreds of millions of dollars to support Cambodia’s military, including an additional US$130 million it provided last year to the defense sector. China also pledged US$2.5 million last year to help clear unexploded ordnance left behind by the Khmer Rouge, a donor area that used to be provided mainly by the US and Japan.
In November, this journalist co-authored a report for Asia Times on rumors that China was lobbying to build a naval base in southwest Cambodia, and correctly predicted the issue would be raised by senior US officials, including Vice President Mike Pence, when they attended Asian conferences at the time.
Cambodian naval officers during a sea drill. Photo: Wikipedia
Hun Sen and other senior Cambodian politicians have spent the last two months denying the allegation.
When he visited Vietnam in December, Hun Sen told his counterpart Nguyen Xuan Phuc that the report was “fake news, lying news and destructive news,” while repeating his oft-stated rebuttal that “the constitution of Cambodia does not allow any foreign military bases in the Kingdom.”
ក្នុងចំណោមមេដឹកនាំពិភពលោក គ្មានមេដឹកនាំស្រឡាញ់ជាតិណាដែលគេយកថ្ងៃកំចាត់ជាតិសាសន៍គ្នាឯងមកធ្វើជាមរតកឈ្នះឈ្នះនោះទេ។ មេដឹកនាំខ្មែរពីអតីតមានដូចជាព្រះបាទជ័យវរ្ម័នទី២ព្រះអង្គយកឈ្នះលើអាណានិគមជ្វានៃនគរសៃលេន្ទ្រៈ ព្រះបាទជ័យវរ្ម័នទី៧ ព្រះអង្គយកឈ្នះលើនគរចម្បា និងព្រះបាទនរោត្តមសីហនុ យកឈ្នះលើអាណានិគមបារាំង។ ចំណែកលោកហ៊ុនសែនវិញនាំបរទេសចូលស្រុកមកវាយកំចាត់គ្នាឯង ហើយលើកគុណសម្បត្តិថាខ្លួនឯងជាអ្នកវាយឈ្នះលើខ្មែរគ្នាឯង។ តែជាក់ស្តែងបរទេសវៀតណាមបានប្រឌិតរឿងចាប់ពីលេខសូន្យគ្រប់យ៉ាងដើម្បីបំភ្លៃនិងលាងខួរក្បាលកូនខ្មែរជំនាន់ក្រោយតាមរយៈហ៊ុនឈើតរបស់ខ្លួន។
Among world leaders, no nationalist leader who takes advantage of winning their own race as the winning legacy at all. Past great leaders of Cambodia (Khmer Kingdom) such as Jayavarman II, He defeated over Java of Sailendra kingdom, King Jayavarman VII, He defeated Champa kingdom, and King Norodom Sihanouk, He defeated France colonial. For Hun Sen, he brought foreigner to invade the country to defeat his own comrades, and bestowed himself as the winner over his own nationals. Actually, Vietnam (foreigner) has invented and rewritten new story starting from zero(scratch) to manipulate and brainwash Cambodian younger generations through their tamable puppet.
Cambodian PM dedicates monument to his defeat of Khmer Rouge
Op-Ed: Washington Post
PHNOM PENH, Cambodia — Long-serving Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen on Saturday inaugurated a monument marking the 1998 end of the threat from the communist Khmer Rouge movement, which ruinously ruled the country in the late 1970s and then carried on a guerrilla war.
The monument just north of Phnom Penh, the capital, is dedicated to what Hun Sen called his “Win-Win Policy,” which saw the last two top Khmer Rouge leaders surrender in December 1998, eliminating the group as a political force and security threat.
Hun Sen, in his supreme military commander’s uniform of a five-star general, said in a two-hour speech that he had “joined with other leaders and the people to turn our pitiful soil that used to be a killing zone into a safe land.”
But the monument’s highlighting the activities of Hun Sen makes clear that it is also a celebration of his legacy. The base of the 54-meter (177-foot) -tall structure has sculpted panels depicting various scenes in his life, including him sitting in a circle of villagers eating rice, leading a group of soldiers out of a forest and lecturing in front of a blackboard.
In the nationally televised speech to a crowd that officials claimed numbered 40,000, Hun Sen said the peace he helped achieve in 1998 helped unite the country “for the first time ever in its history,” and brought peace and economic prosperity.
- Recognize the date on June 21, 1978 as the date that Hun Sen came across the border to request assistance from Vietnam to help Cambodia.
- Recognize the date on January 7, 1979 as the date that Vietnam helped liberating Cambodia from the brutal regime of Pol Pot with the joint effort by Cambodian force.
- Recognize the date on December 29, 1999 as the date of win-win policy that internal fighting was ended.
What the opposition and democratic movements shall do next?The voice of Cambodian youths (bulge) and international community are sufficient for all democrats to claim back democracy and rule of law in Cambodia. The new development in Cambodia by Hun Sen such as building win-win monument and celebrating this upcoming January 7 day are considered as an abstraction and an intended distraction. The CNRP should not loss sight to unify and inspire the EU, America, Australia, Canada etc. especially Cambodian people to stand up firm to this concurrent one-party state authoritarian Hun Sen.
Note that during Doi Moi, Vietnam could assess to both China and USA for its interests in their effort to stirring up Cambodia, but this time, Vietnam’s interest in Cambodia is likely an exit one as their tamed persons in Cambodia are useless among Cambodian people and international community.
ហេតុអ្វីបានជាគេហៅថា រដ្ឋាភិបាលខុសច្បាប់? មានបងប្អូនខ្មែរយើងដាក់ចំងល់និងសំណួរជាច្រើនដល់រដ្ឋាភិបាលលោកហ៊ុន-សែន បច្ចុប្បន្នថាជារដ្ឋាភិបាលខុសច្បាប់ក្រោយពីបោះឆ្នោតប្រកបដោយបដិវាទកម្មកាលពីថ្ងៃទី២៩ ខែកក្កដា ឆ្នាំ២០១៨។ មតិសំខាន់មួយចំនួនផ្តោតទៅលើនីតិវិធីរៀបចំបោះឆ្នោតរបស់គជប ខ្លះ ទៀតទៅលើនីតិវិធីតុលាការដែលខ្វះឯករាជ្យភាព និងខ្លះទៀតទៅលើអាកប្បកិរិយានៃការ ប្រើប្រាស់អំណាចរបស់អ្នកកាន់អំណាច។ ប៉ុន្តែមតិដែលសំខាន់ជាងគេនិងខ្វះមិនបានគឺការ រំលោភទៅលើរដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញរបស់ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជាដែលចែងច្បាស់អំពីអ្វីគឺជាតិនិងអ្វីគឺ
រដ្ឋាភិបាល?។ ជាតិគឺមានន័យថាប្រទេសដែលមានប្រជាពលរដ្ឋនិងដែនអធិបតេយ្យភាព។ តាម រដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញ ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋគឺជាម្ចាស់ប្រទេស ហើយអំណាចគ្រប់គ្រងប្រទេសគឺជាប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ ដោយអនុវត្តន៍តាមរយៈតំណាងរាស្រ្តរបស់ខ្លួនដែលខ្លួនជ្រើសរើសអោយធ្វើការក្នុងរដ្ឋសភាដើម្បីតាក់តែង ត្រួតពិនិត្យ វិសោធនកម្ម និងពង្រឹងអោយមានការអនុវត្តច្បាប់។ រដ្ឋាភិបាលគឺបណ្តុំអ្នកដឹកនាំដែលសភាក្នុងគណបក្សរបស់ខ្លួនបានទទួលសំលេងឆ្នោតច្រើនជាងគេដាច់ខាតក្នុងការជ្រើសរើសក្បាលម៉ាស៊ីនគឺនាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រីព្រមទាំងសមាជិក ខុទ្ធកាល័យនៅក្នុងទីស្តីការគណៈរដ្ឋមន្ត្រីដោយមាននីតិវិធីក្នុងការអនុវត្តរបស់ខ្លួនទៅតាមច្បាប់ស្តីពីទីស្តីការគណៈរដ្ឋមន្ត្រី។ តាមច្បាប់បច្ចុប្បន្នចាប់ពីរដ្ឋមន្ត្រីឡើងទៅរហូតដល់នាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រី គឺជាសមាជិកនីតិប្រតិបត្តិដែលត្រូវបានកំហិតដោយរដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញមានអំណាចអនុវត្ត ហើយដាច់ ស្រឡៈពីអំណាចនីតិបញ្ញត្តិនិងអំណាចតុលាការ។ សូមបញ្ជាក់ថាក្រោយពីច្បាប់ប្រគល់អោយ នាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រីមានសិទ្ធិតែងតាំងរដ្ឋលេខាធិការនិងអនុរដ្ឋលេខាធិការដោយត្រង់មក តំណែងទាំង ពីរនេះនឹងមិនជាសមាជិកទីស្តីការគណៈរដ្ឋមន្ត្រីដែលជាកូតាគណបក្សឈ្នះឆ្នោតតាមច្បាប់ទៀតឡើយ។ ជាសរុប លទ្ធផលបោះឆ្នោតកន្លងមកគឺជាការបោះឆ្នោតបែបឯកបក្ស ហើយលទ្ធផល ឆ្នោតគឺជាលទ្ធផលឯកបក្ស ដែលប្រការនេះនាំទៅរកការបង្កើតរដ្ឋាភិបាលឯកបក្សមិនស្របច្បាប់ ដែលមានសមាជិកជានាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រី ទេសរដ្ឋមន្ត្រី និងរដ្ឋមន្ត្រី។ ដូច្នេះ ជាតិកម្ពុជាដែលមានប្រជាជនជាង១៦លាននាក់ មន្ត្រីរាជការស៊ីវិលនិងកងកំលាំង ប្រដាប់អាវុធសរុបទាំងអស់ជិត២លាននាក់គឺជាក្រុមជំនាញស្របច្បាប់បន្តបំរើប្រជាពលរដ្ឋបាន។ ចំណែករដ្ឋាភិបាលមិនស្របច្បាប់បច្ចុប្បន្នបានកំពុងខ្វះនិត្យានុកូលភាពក្នុងការប្រើប្រាស់ធនធាន ជាតិ ការសម្រេចចិត្តសំរាប់ជាតិនូវបញ្ហាធំៗ ទំនាក់ទំនងអន្តរជាតិដោយស្មើមុខស្មើមាត់ និងការ ខ្ចីបុលថវិកាពីបរទេស។ អ្វីដែលរដ្ឋាភិបាលបន្តធ្វើក្នុងពេលបច្ចុប្បន្នគឺគ្រាន់តែអាកប្បកិរិយារំលោភ អំណាចតែប៉ុណ្ណោះ។ ធ្វើនៅកាណាដា ថ្ងៃទី២០ ខែធ្នូ ឆ្នាំ២០១៨ DATABASE RECORD Why have they called “illegitimate government”? Many people have wondered and inquired on the current government of Cambodia as “illegitimate” after the election on July 29, 2018 which was full of controversy. Some perspectives stressed on the election conducted by the NEC, some stressed on the legal procedures of the court which are very “biased”, and some stressed on the behaviors of power used by the power-holders. But the most important and essential perspective is the violation over the Constitution of the Royal Kingdom of Cambodia which has clearly inscribed the different between Nation and Government.