Joint Statement On The Concerns about Ongoing Arrests of Political Activists

Posted by: | Posted on: June 12, 2020

សេចក្តី​ថ្លែងការណ៍រួមស្តីពី ការព្រួយ​បារម្ភ​លើការ​បន្តចាប់​ខ្លួន​សកម្មជន​នយោបាយ

June 11, 2020 – by ADHOC- Cambodia

ថ្ងៃព្រហស្បតិ៍ ០៦រោច ខែជេស្ឋ ឆ្នាំជូត ទោស័ក ព.ស ២៥៦៤

ភ្នំពេញថ្ងៃទី១១ ខែមិថុនា ឆ្នាំ២០២០

សេចក្តី​ថ្លែងការណ៍រួមស្តីពី

ការព្រួយ​បារម្ភ​លើការ​បន្តចាប់​ខ្លួន​សកម្មជន​នយោបាយ

យើងខ្ញុំ​ជាអង្គការ​សង្គម​ស៊ីវិល សហជីព និង​សហគមន៍ សូម​សម្តែងការ​ព្រួយ​បារម្ភ​យ៉ាងខ្លាំង​ជុំវិញ​ការ​ចាប់ខ្លួន​សកម្មជន​នយោបាយ ពិសេស​អតីត​សមាជិក​គណបក្ស​សង្គ្រោះ​ជាតិ ។

ថ្មីៗនេះ យើង​សង្កេត​ឃើញ​សមត្ថកិច្ច​បាន​បន្តចាប់ និង​ឃុំខ្លួន​អតីត​សមាជិក​គណបក្ស​ប្រឆាំង​ជាបន្ត​បន្ទាប់ ដោយ​ការចោទ​ប្រកាន់​ពីបទ រួមគំនិត​ក្បត់ ញុះញង់​ឱ្យប្រព្រឹត្ត​បទ​ឧក្រិដ្ឋ​ជាអាទ៍ និង បទញុះ​ញង់​ឱ្យយោធា​មិនស្តាប់​បង្គាប់ ដែល​ការចោទ​ប្រកាន់ទាំង​នេះបាន​រំលោភ​យ៉ាងធ្ងន់​ធ្ងរទៅ​លើសេរីភាព​ក្នុងការ​បញ្ចេញ​មតិ និងសិទ្ធិ​ធ្វើនយោបាយ​របស់​ប្រជា​ពលរដ្ឋ ដែល​ទទួល​ស្គាល់ដោយ​រដ្ឋ​ធម្មនុញ្ញ​នៃព្រះរាជា​ណាចក្រ​កម្ពុជា សេចក្តី​ប្រកាស​ជាសកល​ស្តីពី សិទ្ធិមនុស្ស និងកតិកា​សញ្ញា​អន្តរ​ជាតិ​ស្តីពី​សិទ្ធិ​ពលរដ្ឋ និងសិទ្ធិ​នយោបាយ ដែល​ប្រទេស​កម្ពុជា​ជារដ្ឋ​ហត្ថលេខី ។

រដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញ​នៃព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា មាត្រា ៥១ថ្មីចែងថា “ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ គឺជា​ម្ចាស់​វាសនានៃ​ប្រទេស​ជាតិ​របស់​ខ្លួន។ អំណាច​ទាំងអស់​ជារបស់​ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ…”  មាត្រា៣៥ ចែងថា “ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ​ខ្មែរ​ទាំង​ពីរភេទ មាន​សិទ្ធិចូល​រួម​យ៉ាង​សកម្ម​ក្នុង​ជីវភាព​នយោបាយ …របស់​ប្រទេសជាតិ” និង​មាត្រា៤១ ចែងថា “ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ​ខ្មែរ​មាន​សេរីភាព​ខាងការ​បញ្ចេញ​មតិ​របស់​ខ្លួន សេរីភាព​ខាងសារ​ព័ត៌មាន…។”​ ដើម្បី​ឱ្យប្រទេស​ជាតិ​មានការ​រីក​ចម្រើន​លូត​លាស់ និង​សុខ​សន្តិភាព​ពិត​ប្រាកដទៅ​បាន គឺទាល់​តែប្រជាពល​រដ្ឋ​មាន​សិទ្ធិ​សេរីភាព​ក្នុងការ​បញ្ចេញ​មតិ និងសិទ្ធិ​ចូលរួម​ក្នុងសកម្មភាព​នយោបាយ​បានដោយ​សេរី និង​ពេញ​លេញ។

ក្នុង​ស្ថានភាព​បច្ចុប្បន្ន​ដែល​ប្រទេសកម្ពុជា ក៏ដូច​ជាពិភព​លោក​ទាំងមូល កំពុង​ប្រឈម​ដោយសារ​ជំងឺកូវិដ១៩ ដែល​ធ្វើឱ្យ​ប៉ះពាល់​យ៉ាងខ្លាំង​ដល់​ចរន្ត​សេដ្ឋកិច្ច សង្គមកិច្ច ទីផ្សារ​ការងារ និង ភាពភ័យ​ខ្លាចដល់​ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ ។ ហេតុ​ដូច្នេះ ក្នុងនាម​យើង​ខ្ញុំជា​អង្គការ​សង្គមស៊ីវិល សហជីព និងសហគមន៍ ស្នើ​ដល់​អាជ្ញាធរ​មាន​សមត្ថកិច្ច តុលាការ និងស្ថាប័ន​ពាក់ព័ន្ធ​បញ្ឈប់​ការយាយី និង​បន្តចាប់​ខ្លួន​អតីត​សមាជិក​គណបក្ស​ប្រឆាំង ក៏ដូចជា​ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ​ផ្សេងទៀត ដែល​គ្រាន់​តែពួក​គេសម្តែង មតិដោយ​សន្តិវិធី។ ជាការ​ពិតណាស់ ការ​បន្តចាប់ និងឃុំខ្លួន​សកម្មជន​ទាំងនោះ មិនមែន​ជាជម្រើស​ដ៏ល្អ​ក្នុងការ​ដោះស្រាយ​បញ្ហា​នោះទេ ផ្ទុយ​ទៅវិញ រឹតតែ​ធ្វើឱ្យ​ប្រទេសជាតិ​ជួប​នូវវិបត្តិ​កាន់​តែធ្ងន់​ធ្ងរ​បន្ថែម​ទៀត ព្រមទាំង​ធ្វើឱ្យសង្គម​ជាតិទាំង​មូល បែកបាក់​កាន់តែ​ខ្លាំងឡើងៗ ទៅវិញ។

ដូច្នេះ​យើង​ខ្ញុំជា អង្គការ​សង្គម​ស៊ីវិល សហជីព និង​សហគមន៍ សូម​អំពាវនាវ​ដល់​រាជរដ្ឋាភិបាល និងភាគី​ពាក់ព័ន្ធ ដូចតទៅ៖

១. ស្នើដល់​អ្នក​នយោបាយ ទាំង​គណបក្ស​កាន់អំណាច ទាំង​គណបក្ស​ប្រឆាំង និង​ភាគី​ពាក់ព័ន្ធ​ទាំងអស់ ត្រឡប់​មក​រកការ​ចរចា ដើម្បី​រកដំណោះ​ស្រាយ​នយោបាយ​រួមគ្នា ដោយ​ឈរ​លើគោលការណ៍​ប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ និង​គោរព​តាម​រដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញ ដោយ​តម្កល់​ផលប្រយោជន៍​ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ និងសង្គម​ជាតិជាធំ។

២. ត្រូវគោរព​សិទ្ធិ​ពលរដ្ឋ សិទ្ធិ​នយោបាយ និងសេរីភាព​បញ្ចេញ​មតិ​របស់​ពលរដ្ឋ​សកម្ម។

៣. ធ្វើការ​ដោះលែង​អ្នកជាប់​ឃុំដោយ​រឿង​នយោបាយ និងអ្នក​ទោស​មនសិការ

៤. ត្រូវ​បញ្ឈប់​ជាបន្ទាន់​នូវការ​បន្ត​យាយី ចាប់ និងឃុំ​ខ្លួនសកម្ម​ជន​នយោបាយ និងពលរដ្ឋសកម្ម​ផ្សេងទៀត ដែលបាន​ប្រើប្រាស់​សិទ្ធិ​ស្របច្បាប់​របស់​ពួកគេ។

គាំទ្រដោយ៖

១ អង្គការសម្ព័ន្ធភាពការពារសិទ្ធិមនុស្សកម្ពុជា (CHRAC)

២ សមាគមការពារសិទ្ធិមនុស្ស និងអភិវឌ្ឍន៍នៅកម្ពុជា អាដហុក (ADHOC)

៣ សម្ព័ន្ធខ្មែរជំរឿន និងការពារសិទ្ធមនុស្ស លីកាដូ (LICADHO)

៤ គណ:កម្មការឃ្លាំមើលការបោះឆ្នោតដោយសេរី និងយុត្តិធម៌នៅកម្ពុជា (COMFREL)

៥ មជ្ឈមណ្ឌលពលរដ្ឋដើម្បីអភិវឌ្ឍន៍ និង សន្តិភាព (PDP-Center)

៦ វិទ្យាស្ថានប្រជាធិបតេយ្យកម្ពុជា​(CID)

៧ សម្ព័ន្ធសហគមន៍កសិករកម្ពុជា (CCFC)

៨ មជ្ឈមណ្ឌលសម្ព័ន្ធភាពការងារ និងសិទ្ធិមនុស្ស (CENTRAL)

៩ សម្ព័ន្ធសហជីពកម្មករចំណីអាហារ និងសេវាកម្មកម្ពុជា (CFSWF)

១០ អង្គការកម្មវិធីអភិវឌ្ឍន៍ធនធានយុវជន (YRDP)

១១ មជ្ឈមណ្ឌលសិទ្ធិមនុស្សកម្ពុជា (CCHR)

១២ សហភាពការងារកម្ពុជា (CLC)

១៣ អង្គការតម្លាភាពកម្ពុជា (TIC)

១៤ បណ្តាញយុវជនកម្ពុជា (CYN)

១៥ សមាគមប្រជាធិបតេយ្យឯករាជ្យនៃសេដ្ឋកិច្ចក្រៅប្រព័ន្ធ (IDEA)

១៦ សម្ព័ន្ធគណនេយ្យភាពសង្គម កម្ពុជា (ANSA)

១៧ សមាគមខ្មែរកម្ពុជាក្រោម ដើម្បីសិទ្ធិមនុស្ស និងអភិវឌ្ឍន៍ (KKKHRDA)

១៨ បណ្តាញសហគមន៍ព្រៃឡង់ (PLCN)

១៩ មជ្ឈមណ្ឌលកម្ពុជាដើម្បីការពារសិទ្ធិកុមារកម្ពុជា (CCPCR)

២០ អង្គការការពារសិទ្ធិជនជាតិភាគតិច (MIRO)

២១ អង្គការសិទ្ធិមនុស្សដើម្បីតម្លាភាព និងសន្តិភាព (HROTP)

២២ កម្ពុជាឯករាជ្យប្រឆាំង (CIACC)

២៣ សម្ព័ន្ធដើម្បីសុចរិតភាព និងគណនេយ្យភាពសង្គម (CISA)

២៤ អង្គការក្រុមការងារដើម្បីដោះស្រាយទំនាស់ (ACT)

២៥ មជ្ឍមណ្ឌលអប់រំច្បាប់សម្រាប់សហគមន៍ (CLEC)

២៦ អង្គការអភិវឌ្ឍន៍សំលេងសហគមន៍ (BCV)

២៧ សមាគមឥន្ត្រទេវី (IDA)

២៨ អង្គការសកម្មភាពប្រជាជនដើម្បីការអភិវឌ្ឍន៍ (PADO)

២៩ អង្គការស្ម័គ្រចិត្តដើម្បីសង្គម (CVS)

៣០ បណ្តាញយុវជន CamAsean (CamAsean)

Thursday June 11th, 2020 – Original Source for Your Reference: ADHOC- Cambodia

 Phnom Penh, June 11, 2020

Joint Statement On

The Concerns about Ongoing Arrests of Political Activists 

We, the undersigned Cambodian Civil Society Organizations, Trade Unions and Communities, would like to express our grave concerns over the arrest of former political activists, specifically of former members of the Cambodian National Rescue Party.

Read More …
Spread the love
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  

#TeamEurope Supports Cambodia in Coronavirus Crisis

Posted by: | Posted on: June 11, 2020

Original Source: EU Cambodia, Brussels, 11/06/2020 – 11:43, UNIQUE ID: 200611_3Press releases

As part of the global efforts to support partner countries around the world, Team Europe* is mobilizing 443 million euros in grants and loans to work with Cambodia in fighting the global covid-19 pandemic, and mitigate its socio-economic effects.

Team Europe is the combined effort of the European Union, its Member States and their financial institutions and implementing agencies. Together, they provide significant financial and technical support to help Cambodia address immediate needs, protect the most vulnerable, mitigate the socio-economic impact of the coronavirus crisis and prepare for recovery. In Cambodia, Team Europe works together with its European partner Switzerland.

All Team Europa programs and projects contribute to enhancing democratic principles, promoting and protecting human rights and strengthening gender equality.

The EU Ambassador to Cambodia Ms Carmen Moreno said: “The coronavirus pandemic demands cooperation and solidarity. Team Europe stands together with Cambodia in these challenging times. We have to work together to ensure a sustainable and strong economic recovery, and to help mitigate the impact of this pandemic on human lives, jobs and livelihoods. To this purpose, we combine our resources and join efforts with the Government, the people of Cambodia and civil society, in response to this global challenge”.  

The support of the European partners to Cambodia focuses on three essential priorities, in line with the country COVID-19 Master Plan.

In Supporting health, Team Europecontributes to expand research and testing capacities in Cambodia, supports the implementation of the COVID-19 National Action Plan and strengthens the health system. European partners are reinforcing and reorienting their programs on nutrition as well as hygiene, access to clean water and sanitation, to be more responsive to the pandemic needs. Team Europe strongly supports the World Health Organisation and contributes to finance its programs in Cambodia.

At a time when jobs, livelihoods and food security are in danger, European partners contribute to support people, livelihoods and employment; reaching out to the most vulnerable population through social protection programs, scholarships, improved access to education, assistance to workers and returned migrants. Team Europe’s programs sustain livelihoods through aquaculture and fisheries, rural infrastructures development and they contribute to address the challenges related to microfinance crisis management.

Europe will work with Cambodia to support economic recovery and job creation. Team Europe support will contribute to strengthen key areas of the economy and involve public investments for economic development, energy efficiency and green recovery. European programs and projects will contribute to build resilience in the private sector and to support job creation, to ensure a robust recovery and a more sustainable, inclusive and resilient economy, in keeping with the Agenda 2030 and the Paris Agreement

This EURO 443 million support (equivalent to USD 483 million and KHR 1,990 billion) combining new allocations, funds already programmed and redirected funds, is channelled through the Royal Government institutions and partner organisations, including civil society organisations.

Team Europe stands for the EU and its Member States. In Cambodia they are joined by our European partner, Switzerland.

Encl. Team Europe Infographic:

PDF icon

EU COVID-19 Response Cambodia Data.pdf

PDF icon

Team Europe Development Assistance to Cambodia.pdf

PDF icon

Khmer version.pdf

Spread the love
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  

The ‘Respectable’ Faces that Help Cambodia’s Elite Loot the Country

Posted by: | Posted on: June 7, 2020

Source: RFA in English , RFA in Khmer, By Jack Davies

For 30 years international donors have poured money into Cambodia, and for 30 years international moneymen have helped siphon it out.

In August 1990, one year before he took up his role as U.S. ambassador to Cambodia, Charles Twining wrote that “the Phnom Penh regime is … acquiring a significant reputation for corruption.” Three decades later the country has the same prime minister, Hun Sen, and his government the same reputation for graft. Another constant for the last 30 years has been the apparent willingness of outwardly respectable banks, realtors and consultants to help politically connected Cambodians expatriate their country’s riches.

In recent months, an investigative series by Radio Free Asia examining the overseas real estate holdings of Cambodia’s ruling elite has turned up properties worth $30 million. Upcoming stories will reveal further properties, worth in excess of $100 million.

That figure is just a drop in the ocean of wealth that leaks out of the country illicitly each year. In 2016 alone, at least $1.8 billion was laundered out of Cambodia, according to an analysis by U.S. think tank Global Financial Integrity.


Hun Sen money laundering
Money laundering in Cambodia often takes the form of elites, including relatives of strongman Hun Sen, hiding money of unknown provenance in overseas banks or real estate, an RFA investigation has shown.

Cambodia is not alone. Global Financial Integrity estimates that economies around the world haemorrhaged more than $800 billion just in 2017. The global financial system is hardwired to facilitate the movement of capital across international borders as seamlessly as possible, and for as long as it’s been that way there have been well-dressed criminals taking advantage of it.


From Phnom Penh to Panama City

Few names symbolised the symbiosis of political power and commercial clout in 1990s Phnom Penh quite like Teng Boonma. When in 1997 Hun Sen orchestrated a bloody coup against his royalist coalition partners, Boonma admitted – but later denied – that he had stumped up more than $1 million to bankroll the bloodshed. Many observers viewed the cash as payback to a regime that had protected his lucrative businesses that skirted both sides of the law. He was a major importer and exporter of consumer goods and, according to the U.S. State Department, narcotics – a charge he repeatedly denied.

Having spent much of his life in Thailand, like many of Cambodia’s early tycoons he began cutting informal deals with the country’s government in the 1980s, before the economy had officially opened.


Teng Bunma
Once Cambodia’s wealthiest tycoon, Teng Boonma, is pictured at a Cambodia trade fair in this April 9, 1995 file photo, in Takhmau town, south of Phnom Penh. The tycoon reportedly helped to bankroll a bloody 1997 coup d’etat that ousted Hun Sen’s co-premier.

It was an open secret at the time that commercial success in Cambodia was only possible with political patronage, which came at a price. A 1994 internal memo from international cigarette manufacturer British American Tobacco stressed the “importance of Government, Provincial official contacts” for doing business in Cambodia, but cautioned, “it’s clearly somewhat of a ‘Pay your money, take your choice’ situation, as to who today of ‘influence’ will be in the same position tomorrow.”

What was true in 1994 was truer still five years earlier, but corporate records obtained by RFA show that did not deter lawyers in Hong Kong – then a British colony – from helping Boonma register and administer a string of Panamanian companies in 1989 to manage his commercial affairs. Meanwhile in Panama, Boonma shared a corporate lawyer with Osama bin Laden’s half-brother.


Passports to freedom

A decade later in 1999, Boonma found himself in trouble with authorities in Hong Kong, where many of his businesses were headquartered, when prosecutors charged him with making false statements to immigration officials. Somewhat ironically, they were forced to drop the charges when the tycoon claimed immunity on the grounds he held a Cambodian diplomatic passport.

Read More …
Spread the love
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  

‘Our survival is at stake now,’ Chinese Telecom giant Huawei crumbles after US ban on Semiconductor exports

Posted by: | Posted on: May 21, 2020

Original Source TFIPost by Amit Agrahari 19 May 2020 in Opinions

Huawei, China, Trump, USA, Xi Jinping

Huawei, the largest Chinese technology giant with annual revenue of more than 120 billion dollars, has said that its “survival” is at stake after USA’s semiconductor (chip) export restrictions on the company. “We will now work hard to figure out how to survive,” said Guo Ping, rotating chairman, at Huawei’s annual analyst conference. “Survival is the keyword for us now.”

Earlier, on Friday, the US released new guidelines regarding the export of semiconductors, the most essential part of any consumer electronics and technology equipments. As per new guidelines, any foreign company which seeks to export semiconductors based on secret American design has to apply for a license to US Department of Commerce, which the department is most likely to deny.

The US Commerce Secretary explicitly said that the Department will “narrowly and strategically target Huawei’s acquisition of semiconductors”. Given the fact that semiconductors are the most essential device for any consumer electronics or telecommunication device; this ban would result in the collapse of Huawei.

“This new rule will impact the expansion, maintenance, and continuous operations of networks worth hundreds of billions of dollars that we have rolled out in more than 170 countries,” Huawei said in a statement.

In May last year, the US put a ban on American technology export to Huawei by its companies, but many countries in East Asia like Taiwan, Japan, and South Korea manufacture consumer electronics essentials using American technology. Therefore, it was easy for Huawei to game the US export ban and import these products from other East Asian countries, but with new rules in place, even these countries will not be able to supply equipments to the Chinese giant.

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC), a Taiwanese company that manufactures semiconductors based on secretive American design, announced that the company would not take any new order from Huawei.

Huawei is the second-largest customer- accounting for 14 percent of total orders- to the Taiwanese company which manufactures semiconductors for all top consumer electronics of the world including Apple. Therefore, the ban is bound to hurt TSMC’s business but they would have to follow American rules, as they use secretive American technology to design chips.

Semiconductor, popularly known as the chip, is very essential in manufacturing any modern electronic equipment ranging from Smartphones to Refrigerators, and with the ban on access to it; Huawei would head nowhere in the global technology race.

Read More …
Spread the love
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •