Op-Ed: The CEROC
ថ្ងៃទី២២ ខែកញ្ញា ឆ្នាំង២០១៨នេះ ប្រធានដឺសុីរ៉ក់លោកសេង សុភ័ណ បានជួបសំណេះសំណាលជាមួយតំណាងរាស្ត្រប្រចាំមណ្ឌលបោះឆ្នោតរបស់គាត់គឺលោក MP Ron McKinnon ដែលតំណាងអោយរដ្ឋសហព័ន្ធកាណាដាក្នុងការគាំទ្រតែងតាំងគាត់ជាបេក្ខជនបន្តទៀតសំរាប់គណបក្សសេរីភាព(Liberal Party)កំពុងដឹកនាំរដ្ឋាភិបាលបច្ចុប្បន្ន ក្នុងមណ្ឌលបោះឆ្នោត Coquitlam-Port Coquitlam កំណត់ឡើងក្នុងឆ្នាំ២០១៩ខាងមុខ។
ទន្ទឹមនឹងនោះដែរ លោកសុភ័ណបានពិភាក្សាលំអិតជាមួយលោកតំណាងរាស្ត្រអំពីស្ថានការណ៌សិទ្ធិមនុស្សនិងលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យនៅកម្ពុជា។ ការបោះឆ្នោតនៅថ្ងៃទី២៩ ខែកក្កដា ឆ្នាំ២០១៨ ជាការបោះឆ្នោតមួយដែលមិនអាចឆ្លុះបញ្ចាំងពីឆន្ទៈពិតរបស់ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋខ្មែរពិតប្រាកដបានទេពីព្រោះគណបក្សប្រកួតប្រជែងដែលមានកំឡាំងប្រហាក់ប្រហែលគ្នាត្រូវបានផាត់ចេញពីសៃវេននយោបាយដោយការចាប់ប្រធានដាក់ឃុំ បំបិទសិទ្ធិថ្នាក់ដឹកនាំសំខាន់ៗទាំង១១៨នាក់ រំលាយគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិចោល ដកយកកៅអីសភាតំណាងរាស្ត្រទាំង៥៥ទៅចែកអោយគណបក្សផ្សេង និងដកយកតំណែងឃុំ-សង្កាត់ទាំង៥០០៧ដែលប្រជាពលរដ្ឋបោះឆ្នោតអោយមកគ្រប់គ្រងខ្លួនឯង។ មិនតែប៉ុណ្ណោះ ពត៌មានឯករាជ្យសំខាន់ៗត្រូវបានបិទ អង្គការក្រៅរដ្ឋាភិបាលដែលធ្វើការឃ្លាំមើលសិទ្ធិមនុស្សនិងប្រជាធិបតេយ្យទាំងថ្នាក់ជាតិនិងអន្តរជាតិត្រូវបានគាបសង្កត់គ្រប់បែបយ៉ាងនិងបណ្តេញចេញក្រៅប្រទេស។ ការសំដែងមតិនិងចលនាសហជីបកម្មករត្រូវបានរឹតបណ្តឹង។ ជាលទ្ធផល គណបក្សប្រជាជនកម្ពុជាដែលដឹកនាំដោយលោកហ៊ុន-សែនប្រកាសឈ្នះកៅអីសភាទាំង១២៥កៅអីជាអត្តនោមតិ។
ពេលនេះ រដ្ឋសភាសហគមអុឺរ៉ុបក៏ដូចជាសហរដ្ឋអាមេរិកនិងអង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិ ដែលជាដៃគូរសំខាន់ក្នុងការអភិវឌ្ឍន៍សេដ្ឋកិច្ចនិងលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យបានថ្កោលទោសនិងចេញដំណោះ
ស្រាយរួមនិងដាច់ដោយឡែក ដោយចោទសួរចំៗទៅរដ្ឋាភិបាលឯកបក្សថ្មីរបស់លោកហ៊ុន-សែនអោយត្រឡប់មករកប្រក្រតីភាពឡើងវិញដោយការអោយគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិវិលមកដូចដើមវិញ ដោះលែងប្រធានគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិលោកកឹម-សុខាពីការឃុំឃាំងក្នុងផ្ទះនិងលោកសម-រង្សុីដែលកំពុងនិរទេសខ្លួននៅក្រៅប្រទេសក្នុងបទចោទនយោបាយរាប់ជំពូកដើម្បីគាត់អោយចូលស្រុកវិញប្រកបជីវភាពនយោបាយធម្មតា ផ្តល់សិទ្ធិនយោបាយអោយថ្នាក់ដឹកនាំទាំង១១៨នាក់ ប្រគល់តំណែងឃុំ-សង្កាត់ទាំង៥០០៧នាក់មកវិញ អនុញ្ញាតអោយសារពត៌មានឯករាជ្យ សង្គមសុីវិល និងសហជីបកម្មការមានដំណើរការនិងសិទ្ធិសេរីភាពឡើងវិញ។ បើមិនដូច្នោះទេ សហគមអុឺរ៉ុននិងសហរដ្ឋអាមេរិកជាដើម នឹងដក់កិច្ចអនុគ្រោះពន្ធនាំសំលៀកបំពាក់ចូល ដែលក្នុងមួយឆ្នាំជិត៧០០លានដុល្លាសហរដ្ឋអាមេរិក។ មិនតែប៉ុណ្ណោះ សហគមអុឺរ៉ុបនិងសហរដ្ឋអាមេរិកនឹងផ្តាច់ជំនួយក៏ដូចជាទំនាក់ទំនងការទូតនិងដាក់បញ្ជីខ្មៅដល់ក្រុមបក្សពួកដែលមានចំណែកក្នុងការធ្វើអោយធ្លាក់ចុះនៃលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យនិងសិទ្ធិមនុស្សនៅកម្ពុជា។
ជាការកត់សំគាល់ រដ្ឋាភិបាលថ្មីក្រោយការបោះឆ្នោតក្លែងក្លាយនេះ មិនមានប្រទេសណាច្រើនទទួលស្គាល់ទេ មានប្រទេសចិនដែលប្រកាសជំហរគាំទ្រនិងសហការជាមួយកម្ពុជានៅពេលដែលការវិនិយោគរបស់ចិនភាគច្រើនជាការវិនិយោគបែបគ្មានតម្លាភាពដោយការកាប់ទន្ទ្រានព្រៃនិងជីកយករ៉ែ និងដឹកមកជាមួយនូវសម្ភារៈនិងកម្មកររបស់ចិនមកជាមួយ។ ការណ៍នេះ ធ្វើអោយនឹកឃើញដល់កិច្ចព្រមព្រៀងពាណិជ្ជកម្មរវាងនាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រី Justin Trudeau របស់កាណាដាជាមួយចិនដែលទទួលបានបរាជ័យពីព្រោះលោកទ្រូដូបដិសេធន៍សំណើរចិនក្នុងការនាំចូលសម្ភារៈនិងកម្មករចិនមកជាមួយក្នុងការវិនិយោគក្នុងប្រទេសកាណាដា។ លើសពីនេះ លោកសេង សុភ័ណ សង្កេតឃើញភាពអនាធិបតេយ្យរបស់ជនជាតិចិននៅប្រទេសកម្ពុជាជាពិសេសទីក្រុងព្រះសីហនុតែម្តង។
បញ្ជាក់ជាមួយលោកតំណាងរាស្ត្ររ៉ន ប្រទេសកាណាដាបានទទួលការនាំចូលទំនិញពីកម្ពុជាបែបអនុគ្រោះពន្ធទំហំជិត៦ភាគរយ ហើយរដ្ឋាភិបាលកាណាដានៅបន្តជួយកម្ពុជាពង្រឹងផ្នែកសិទ្ធិមនុស្ស នីតិរដ្ឋ ការកសាងកំឡាំងសមត្ថភាព និងសេដ្ឋកិច្ចសង្គមបន្តជារៀងរហូតក្រោយពីបានចុះហត្ថលេខាលើសន្ធិសញ្ញាកិច្ចព្រមព្រៀងសន្តិភាពទីក្រុងប៉ារីស២៣ តុលា ១៩៩១ មក។ ទាក់ទងនឹងញត្តិអនឡាយរបស់រដ្ឋសភាកាណាដាដែលធានានិងគាំទ្រដោយលោកតំណាងរាស្ត្រ លោកសុភ័ណនឹងជជែកពិភាក្សាជាបន្តបន្ទាប់ជាមួយជំនួយការផ្ទាល់របស់គាត់ប្រចាំការិយាល័យនៅអូតាវ៉ា។ បើមុនថ្ងៃ២៤ តុលាខាងមុខ ចំនួនញត្តិបានគ្រប់៥០០ លោករ៉ននិងសហការជាមួយក្រសួងការបរទេសដឹកនាំដោយអ្នកស្រីChristia Freelandមុននឹងចេញសេចក្តីថ្លែងការណ៌អនុមត្តិដំណោះស្រាយរួមក្នុងរដ្ឋសភាកាណាដាក្នុងការស្តារនិងកំណត់វិធានការណ៍ជាក់លាក់ចំពោះការធ្លាក់ចុះនៃលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យនៅកម្ពុជា។ លោកអ្នកអាចចូលរួមចុះហត្ថលេខាលើញត្តិបន្ថែមបាន៖ https://petitions.ourcommons.ca/en/Petition/Details?Petition=e-1746
This September 22, 2018, Mr. Sophan Seng, President of the CEROC met and discussed with member of parliament for federal government in his Constituency Mr. Ron McKinnon who is also collecting support signatures for his Coquitlam-Port Coquitlam candidacy of the Liberal Party for the upcoming national election in 2019.
In the meantime, Mr. Sophan discussed in details about the human rights and democracy environment of Cambodia. The election on 29 July 2018 has not been a free and fair election reflecting genuine will of the Cambodian voters at all because the key opposition party that have paralleling capacity to compete with the ruling party CPP was banned not to compete in the election by jailing its leader, banning top leadership of 118 politicians not to engage in politics, dissolving the Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP), taking away the parliamentary seats of 55 to redistribute to other parties, and taking away the commune-Sangkat councillors of 5007 posts voted by the people to its own party. Further more, the independence media were shut down, non-governmental organizations whose missions are to monitor election and democratization, both domestic and international, were pressured and dispelled. Freedom of expression and movement of labor unions were oppressed. As a result, the ruling party Cambodian People’s Party (CPP) grabbed all 125 seats from the election.
Right now, the European unions, United States of America, and the United Nations, who are partners of development and democratization each have condemned and approved resolution by interacting directly to Prime Minister Hun Sen to bring back normality by allowing CNRP to normal operation, release President of the party Mr. Kem Sokha from house arrest, and Mr. Sam Rainsy who is in self-exile by several political verdicts of the government to be able to return back home to conduct his political career freely, allowing all 118 politicians to freely engage in politics without having legal reprisals, giving back the 5007 posts of commune-sangkat councillors, allowing media, NGOs and unions to exercise their rights and freedom fully without obstacles. If not following this scenario, the European unions and the United States etc. shall cut off the free-tariff on garment exporting value near 700 millions per year while diplomatic tie and aids will be in dilemma, and blacklisting will be created to punish those individuals who have engaged to human rights violation and de-democratization in Cambodia.
Remarkably, the new government born after a fake election, just few countries recognized especially China who has come out to support and incorporate with Cambodia while major investments from China are the nontransparent FDI by conducting deforestation and mineral exploitation with bringing all China’s materials and manpower/workers in. This problem reminds us of trade negotiation between Justin Trudeau and China which was failed completely because China insisted to bring their own materials and workers to invest in Canada. More than this, Mr. Sophan noticed on the anarchy of Chinese people in Cambodia particularly in Sihanoukville.
Emphasizing with MP Ron, Canada has provided free-tariff importing of Cambodia products accounting nearly 6%, and the royal government of Canada has continued to support human rights, rule of laws, capacity building, social and economic development eversince since Canada was a signatory of Paris Peace Agreement of October 23, 1991. Regarding the online petition sponsored by MP, Mr. Sophan shall contact and discuss with his personal assistance at main office in Ottawa continuously. If before the expiry date of October 24, the signatures are reached 500, MP Ron will detail this with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs led by Christia Freeland before giving speech on official statement on collective resolution of proper restoration and measures to the situation of democracy in Cambodia. You can sign the petition at: https://petitions.ourcommons.ca/en/Petition/Details?Petition=e-1746
PETITION TO THE HOUSE OF COMMONS
- The Charter of Rights and Freedoms has not solely served Canadians but people around the world. Canada has been known for its leading roles in supporting the Paris Peace Agreement in 1991 to settle down civil wars and conflicts in Cambodia, to conduct a first general election in 1993 sponsored by the UN, and to continue support of democratic and economic development;
- The legacy of democracy, political pluralism, rule of law, free and fair election from the UN in 1993, has completely cracked down by government-led party Cambodia’s People Party led by Prime Minister Hun Sen prior to the national election on July 29, 2018;
- Within his whole triumph to clinging to everlasting power, national Constitution and institution are used to legitimize his power and to influence the Cambodian voters and the international community;
- The largest opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party was dissolved, its leader and activists were put in jail, 55 seats of law-maker and 5007 posts of commune councillors elected by the people were disenfranchised; and
- The UN, the US, the EU and Australia have expressed their grave concern over this state of democracy.
We, the undersigned, citizens and permanent residents of Canada, call upon the Government of Canada to:
- Express serious concern over the upcoming election in Cambodia;
- Reconvene or to join with other nation-states to fully implement the Paris Peace Agreement to organize a free and fair election in Cambodia; and
- Ban and/or sanction individuals for their involvement in cracking down on democracy and human rights violation in Cambodia.
- ច្បាប់ស្តីអំពីសិទ្ធិនិងសេរីភាពមនុស្សមិនគ្រាន់តែបានបម្រើប្រជាជនកាណដាទេ ប៉ុន្តែបានបម្រើមនុស្សជុំវិញពិភពលោក។ កាណាដាត្រូវបានគេស្គាល់តាមរយៈតួនាទីដឹកនាំសំខាន់ក្នុងការបង្កើតអោយមានសន្ធិសញ្ញាសន្តិភាពទីក្រុងប៉ារីសឆ្នាំ១៩៩១ ដើម្បីបញ្ឈប់ជំលោះសង្គ្រាមស៊ីវិលនៅកម្ពុជា រៀបចំការបោះឆ្នោតថ្នាក់ជាតិលើកដំបូងក្នុងឆ្នាំ១៩៩៣ធានាដោយអង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិ ហើយកាណាដានៅបន្តគាំទ្រដល់ការអភិវឌ្ឍន៍សេដ្ឋកិច្ចនិងលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ
- មរតកនៃលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ ពហុបក្ស នីតិរដ្ឋ ការបោះឆ្នោតដោយសេរីនិងយុត្តិធម៌ដែលបន្សល់ទុកដោយអង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិក្នុងឆ្នាំ១៩៩៣ ត្រូវបានបំផ្លាញទាំងស្រុងដោយរដ្ឋាភិបាលគណបក្សប្រជាជនកម្ពុជាដឹកនាំដោយលោកនាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រីហ៊ុន-សែនមុនការបោះឆ្នោតជាតិថ្ងៃទី២៩ ខែកក្កដា ឆ្នាំ២០១៨
- ក្នុងកិច្ចខិតខំប្រឹងប្រែងរបស់គាត់ក្នុងការបន្តកាន់អំណាចជារៀងរហូត រដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញនិងស្ថាប័នជាតិត្រូវបានប្រើប្រាស់ដើម្បីអំណាច ស្របច្បាប់របស់គាត់ និងដើម្បីជៈឥទ្ធិពលអ្នកបោះឆ្នោតកម្ពុជាក៏ដូចជាសហគមន៍អន្តរជាតិ
- គណបក្សនយោបាយជំទាស់ដែលធំជាងគេគឺគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិត្រូវបានរំលាយ មេដឹកនាំនិងសកម្មជនគណបក្សត្រូវបានចាប់ដាក់ឃុំ កៅអីតំណាងរាស្ត្រទាំង៥៥និងក្រុមប្រឹក្សាឃុំ-សង្កាត់ទាំង៥០០៧នាក់ដែលបោះឆ្នោតអោយកាន់តំណែងដោយប្រជាជន ត្រូវបានដកហូតសិទ្ធិអំណាចស្របច្បាប់ដែលទទួលបានតាមរយៈសន្លឹកឆ្នោត
- អង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិ សហរដ្ឋអាមេរិក សហគមន៍អឺរ៉ុប និងអូស្ត្រាលីបានសំដែលក្តីកង្វល់របស់គេយ៉ាងខ្លាំងចំពោះការធ្លាក់ចុះនៃលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យនេះ
ពួកយើងខ្ញុំ ដែលបានចុះហត្ថលេខាខាងក្រោម ជាសញ្ជាតិនិងអ្នករស់នៅជាអចិន្ត្រៃយ៍ក្នុងប្រទេសកាណាដា សូមអំពាវនាវដល់រដ្ឋាភិបាល កាណាដាដើម្បី៖
- សូមជួយកោះប្រជុំឡើងវិញឬចូលរួមជាមួយប្រទេសដទៃដើម្បីអនុវត្តន៍កិច្ចព្រមព្រៀងសន្តិភាពទីក្រុងប៉ារីសអោយបានពេញលេញក្នុងការរៀបចំការបោះឆ្នោតមួយដែលសេរី ត្រឹមត្រូវ និងយុត្តិធម៌នៅកម្ពុជា
- ហាមប្រាម និង/ឬ ដាក់ទណ្ឌកម្មបុគ្គលម្នាក់ៗដែលមានចំណែកក្នុងការបំផ្លាញលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យនិងរំលោភសិទ្ធិមនុស្សនៅ កម្ពុជា
សូមបងប្អូន ជនរួមជាតិ និងប្រជាពលរដ្ធ
ទាំងអស់រស់នៅប្រទេសគាណាដា (Canadiens) ជួយជំរុញ លើកទឹកចិត្តក្រុមគ្រួសារ និងមិត្តភ័ក្រ អោយចុះហត្ថលេខា (signer) ញត្តិ(Petition) នេះអោយបានច្រើន។
-បើមានអ្នក signer បានលើសពី ៥០០នាក់ ឡើងទៅ តំណាងរាស្ដ្រអាចយករឿងខ្មែរទៅនិយាយនៅក្នុងរដ្ធសភា (Parlement Canadien)នៅ Ottawa ដើម្បីទាមទារអោយមានការដាក់សម្ពាធលើរបប និងជនផ្ដាច់ការនៅកម្ពុជា និងបក្សពួក៖
១-អោយហ៊ុន សែន គោរព សន្ធិសញ្ញា ក្រុងប៉ារីស 23 តុលា 1991
២-អោយបិទទិដ្ឋាការ និង បង្កកទ្រព្យសម្បតិ្ត
សៈ អ្នកណាអាច signer pétition នេះបាន?
ចៈ អ្នកដែលមានសញ្ជាតិ និង អ្នកមានសិទ្ធជ្រកកោនជាអចិន្ត្រៃយ៍នៅ Canada
សូមចូលរួមធ្វើកាយវិការដ៏ថ្លៃថ្នូរមួយនេះដើម្បីប្រឆាំងនឹងអំពើរអយុតិធម៌ និងអំពើរផ្ដាច់ការនៅកម្ពុជាតាមរយៈការចុះហត្ថលេខាលើញត្តិមួយក្នុង ៥ ជំហានងាយស្រួល ក្នុងភាពសម្ងាត់ ។
១- ចុចលើ Lien ខាងក្រោម ដើម្បីបើកទំព័រញាត្តិ៖
២- បើត្រូវការ ចុចលើ Français ឬ English ដើម្បីប្ដូរភាសា
៣-ចុចលើ Signer la pétition
៤- បំពេញព័ត៌មានអំពីអ្នក: ឈ្មោះ, ខេត្ត, ប្រទេស, លេខកូដប្រៃសណីយ៍, លេខទូរស័ព្ទនិងអាសយដ្ឋាន, អ៊ីម៉ែល។
៥- ទីបញ្ចប់ បើក អ៊ីម៉ែល ហើយចុចលើ៖
Chers amis et compatriotes,
Nous faisons appel à tous les Compatriotes, collègues et amis pour aider à convaincre et à encourager votre famille et vos amis à signer cette pétition en grand nombre.
Lors qu’il aura 500 signataires et plus notre député pourra soulever le problème du Cambodge au parlement Canadien à Ottawa afin de demander au Canada de faire pression sur le régime et le dictateurs au Cambodge ainsi que leurs proches:
1-Forcer M. Hun Sen à respecter les accords de Paris, 23 octobre 1991
2-Suspendre le visa d’entrer au Canada et geler les avoirs.
-Prier de bien vouloir aider à partager et à faire une large diffusion.
Q: Qui peut signer cette pétition?
R: Tous les citoyens et résidents permanents du Canada
Faites votre noble geste pour contrer l’injustice et la dictature au Cambodge en signant une pétition en 5 étapes faciles, confidentiel.
1- Cliquez sur le lien ci-dessous pour accéder à la pétition:
2- Au besoin, cliquer sur Français ou English pour changer de langue.
3- Cliquez sur Signer la pétition
4- fournir les renseignements suivants à votre sujet : nom complet, province ou territoire, pays, code postal, numéro de téléphone et adresse courriel.
5- Pour terminer, ouvrez votre courriel puis cliquez sur: https://petitions.noscommunes.ca/fr/Petition/ConfirmSignature?guid=A36F9975-6208-4576-9783-641CFB3DF538
Official reference source: European Parliament
|European Parliament resolution on Cambodia, notably the case of Kem Sokha (2018/2842(RSP))|
|The European Parliament,
– having regard to the Council conclusions on Cambodia of 26 February 2018,
– having regard to the statement by the spokesperson of the European External Action Service (EEAS) of 30 July 2018 on the general elections in Cambodia,
– having regard to the evaluation mission of the Commission and the EEAS to Cambodia of 5 to 11 July 2018,
– having regard to the 2008 EU Guidelines on Human Rights Defenders,
– having regard to the statement by the spokesperson of the EEAS of 16 November 2017 on the dissolution of the Cambodian National Rescue Party,
– having regard to the 1997 Cooperation Agreement between the European Community and the Kingdom of Cambodia,
– having regard to the local EU statement of 22 February 2017 on the political situation in Cambodia, and the statements by the spokesperson of the EU Delegation of 25 August 2017 and 3 September 2017 on restrictions of political space in Cambodia,
– having regard to UN Human Rights Council Resolution 36/32 of 29 September 2017 and the Report of the Secretary-General of 2 February 2018,
– having regard to the report of the Committee on the Human Rights of Parliamentarians and the decisions of the Governing Council of the Inter-Parliamentary Union of March 2018,
– having regard to UN General Assembly Resolution A/RES/53/144 of 8 March 1999 on the right and responsibility of individuals, groups and organs of society to promote and protect universally recognised human rights and fundamental freedoms,
– having regard to the 1991 Paris Peace Accords, in which a commitment to uphold human rights and fundamental freedoms in Cambodia, including on the part of international signatories, is enshrined in Article 15,
– having regard to the International Labour Organisation Convention on Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise,
– having regard to the Cambodian Constitution, in particular Article 41 thereof, in which the rights and freedoms of expression and assembly are enshrined, Article 35 on the right to political participation and Article 80 on parliamentary immunity,
– having regard to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 10 December 1948,
– having regard to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of 1966,
– having regard to Rules 135(5) and 123(4) of its Rules of Procedure,
A. whereas on 3 September 2017, Kem Sokha, the President of the Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP), was arrested, and whereas on 16 November 2017, the Supreme Court announced the dissolution of the CNRP, at the end of a one-day hearing; whereas the Supreme Court has also banned 118 CNRP politicians from being politically active for five years;
B. whereas the ruling Cambodian People’s Party (CPP) obtained 100 % of the contested seats in the National Assembly election held on 29 July 2018 and in the Senate election held on 25 February 2018;
C. whereas the right to political participation is enshrined in Article 35 of the Cambodian Constitution; whereas the amended 2017 Law on Political Parties includes numerous restrictions on the participation of opposition parties, including the dissolution of parties if its leaders have a criminal record;
D. whereas the 2018 elections in Cambodia were de facto non-competitive and failed to meet minimum international standards for democratic elections; whereas the European Union and the United States of America suspended their financial assistance to the Cambodian National Election Committee and declined to observe the elections;
E. whereas the decision to dissolve the CNRP was a significant step towards the creation of an authoritarian state; whereas the political structure of Cambodia can no longer be considered a democracy;
F. whereas the Cambodian Government took wide-ranging measures to ensure that the ruling CPP would run virtually unopposed in the elections for both the Senate and the National Assembly;
G. whereas, following his arrest on 3 September 2017, Kem Sokha was charged with treason under Article 443 of the Cambodian Criminal Code, despite his parliamentary immunity; whereas statements by the Cambodian Government jeopardised his right to a fair trial and the presumption of innocence; whereas he faces up to 30 years in prison if found guilty; whereas the President of the Court, Dith Munty, is a member of the standing committee of the ruling party;
H. whereas on 28 August 2018, the Cambodian authorities released 14 members of the CNRP after they had received a royal pardon; whereas this pardon is linked to the releases granted to half a dozen activists and journalists;
I. whereas Kem Sokha was detained without trial for more than one year; whereas the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention declared Mr Sokha’s pre-trial detention to be ‘arbitrary’ and ‘politically motivated’; whereas he was released on bail on 10 September 2018; whereas he is unable to leave the vicinity of his house and is not allowed to communicate with other members of the opposition or the media;
J. whereas the arrest and detention of Kem Sokha occurred amid widespread and systematic repression of political and electoral rights in Cambodia; whereas there has been a steady increase in the number of cases of arrest and detention of members of the political opposition and political commentators; whereas the previous President of the CNRP, Sam Rainsy, was convicted of criminal defamation and now lives in exile;
K. whereas the Cambodian authorities have also cracked down on journalists and reporters covering the attacks on the opposition parties; whereas 69‑year‑old award-winning filmmaker James Ricketson is one of the victims of these attacks on the media; whereas Mr Ricketson was arrested for flying a drone over an opposition party rally in June 2017; whereas Mr Ricketson has been sentenced to six years in prison in the capital, Phnom Penh, on charges of espionage;
L. whereas there has been a severe crackdown on the independent media; whereas social media networks have also come under attack; whereas in May, the Government issued a regulation restricting the rights to freedom of expression, press and publication and empowering the Government to police social media networks to uncover and silence online dissent in Cambodia;
M. whereas trade unionists, human rights activists and civil society organisations are operating in an increasingly restricted space in Cambodia and face harassment, acts of intimidation and arbitrary arrest; whereas the 2015 amended Law on Association and Non-Governmental Organisations (LANGO) severely restricts freedom of association and expression, including by establishing government control and censorship over the work of NGOs; whereas the Trade Union Law restricts freedom of association and creates unnecessary obstacles and burdens in relation to registration procedures and the operations of trade unions;
N. whereas five human rights defenders affiliated with the Cambodian Human Rights and Development Association (ADHOC), Nay Vanda, Ny Sokha, Yi Soksan, Lim Mony, and Ny Chakrya, face charges of bribing a witness and being an accomplice to bribery of a witness; whereas the five human rights defenders spent 14 months in pre-trial detention before their release on bail;
O. whereas Cambodia benefits from the most favourable regime available under the EU’s Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP), namely the Everything But Arms (EBA) scheme; whereas the EU has allocated up to EUR 410 million to Cambodia for development cooperation for the financial period 2014-2020, of which EUR 10 million is for supporting the electoral reform process in Cambodia and is currently suspended;
P. whereas the UN Secretary‑General recalled in his July statement that an inclusive and pluralistic political process remains essential for safeguarding the progress made by Cambodia in consolidating peace;
Q. whereas conflicts over sugar plantations have not yet been resolved; whereas there is continuing concern about evictions from land, persistent impunity for such acts and the dire situation of the affected communities; whereas the Government of Cambodia has not signed up to the EU Terms of Reference for the Sugar Cane Audit Process;
1. Notes that Kem Sokha was released from prison on bail under strict conditions; denounces the fact that Kem Sokha has been placed under house arrest; calls for all charges against Kem Sokha to be dropped and for his immediate and full release; calls, furthermore, for other politically motivated charges and rulings against opposition politicians, including Sam Rainsy, to be dropped immediately;
2. Is worried about the condition of Kem Sokha’s health, and calls on the Cambodian authorities to allow him to receive appropriate medical treatment; asks the Government to allow Kem Sokha to meet foreign diplomats, UN officials and human rights observers;
3. Expresses its conviction that the elections in Cambodia cannot be considered to be free and fair; expresses serious concerns at the conduct and results of the 2018 elections in Cambodia, which failed to produce a credible process and were widely condemned by the international community;
4. Calls on the Cambodian Government to work towards strengthening democracy and the rule of law and to respect human rights and fundamental freedoms, which includes fully complying with the constitutional provisions on pluralism and freedom of association and expression; calls, furthermore, on the Cambodian Government to repeal all recent amendments to the Constitution, the Penal Code, the Law on Political Parties, the Trade Union Law, the Law on NGOs and all other pieces of legislation limiting freedom of speech and political freedoms that are not fully in line with Cambodia’s obligations and international standards;
5. Stresses that a credible democratic process requires an environment in which political parties, civil society and the media are able to carry out their legitimate roles without fear, threats or arbitrary restrictions; calls on the Government to take the necessary measures to ensure that the dissolution of CNRP is swiftly reversed;
6. Reiterates its call on the Cambodian Government to put an end to all forms of harassment, abuse and politically motivated criminal charges against members of the political opposition, human rights defenders, trade unionists and labour rights advocates, land rights and other civil society activists, and journalists, among others; calls on the Government of Cambodia to release, without delay, all citizens who have been detained for exercising their human rights, including James Ricketson, and to drop all charges against them;
7. Supports the decision to suspend EU electoral support to Cambodia; recalls the national and international obligations in relation to democratic principles and fundamental human rights to which Cambodia has committed itself; urges the Cambodian Government to engage in reforms in order to advance democracy and apply internationally recognised minimum standards for future electoral processes, including the organisation of multiparty, free and fair elections, the establishment of a genuinely independent National Election Committee and the involvement of NGOs and the independent media in election monitoring and reporting;
8. Reminds the Cambodian Government that it must fulfil its obligations and commitments in relation to the democratic principles and fundamental human rights, which are an essential component of the EU-Cambodia Cooperation Agreement and the conditions under EBA;
9. Welcomes the recent EU EBA fact‑finding mission to Cambodia and invites the Commission to report the conclusions to Parliament as soon as possible; calls on the Commission to consider possible consequences in the context of the trade preferences Cambodia enjoys, including launching an investigation under the mechanisms provided for in the framework of EBA;
10. Calls on the EEAS and the Commission to compile a list of individuals responsible for the dissolution of the opposition and other serious human rights violations in Cambodia with a view to imposing possible visa restrictions and asset freezes on them;
11. Calls on the Vice‑President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy to closely monitor the situation in Cambodia; calls on the EEAS and the Member States to take action and lead the efforts at the forthcoming 39th session of the UN Human Rights Council towards the adoption of a strong resolution addressing the human rights situation in Cambodia;
12. Calls on the Cambodian Government to renew the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Cambodia upon its expiry on 31 December 2018;
13. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the European External Action Service, the Secretary-General of ASEAN, the governments and parliaments of the Member States and the Government and National Assembly of Cambodia.
China’s growing dominance is met with equally growing concern in Cambodia. Despite the economic gains, too much dependence on China comes with significant commitment and risk. Reliance on China’s aid may induce Cambodia to fall into a debt trap, resulting in a loss of autonomy as a sovereign state and the deterioration of its relations with other ASEAN member states.
The lack of transparency and accountability of China’s projects is also causing social and environmental challenges in Cambodia. Criticism that Chinese companies are racing to exploit Cambodia’s resources while paying little regard to international best development practices are common among civil society actors.
The Kamchay dam, the first large-scale Chinese investment project in Cambodia, is a telling example. The dam destroyed 2000 hectares of productive forest, threatened animal species, lowered water quality and negatively affected the livelihood of local communities.
Chinese firm Union Development was awarded a concession of nearly 40,000 hectares — almost four times the amount allowed under Cambodian law — to develop a multi-billion dollar tourism hub in Cambodia’s Koh Kong province. Human rights groups allege that fishermen who had lived in the area for generations were summarily evicted, taken inland and told that they were now farmers.
Chinese investment in Cambodia’s real estate market is almost exclusively aimed at the Cambodian upper class, as well as Chinese tourists and businessmen. This is driving market prices up, making housing unaffordable for most Cambodians.
Chinese investment is also transforming Sihanoukville, once Cambodia’s premier seaside resort, into a bustling casino town. The unprecedented surge in Chinese tourists and casino development in Sihanoukville is benefitting a small group Cambodia’s rich elite, but many other Cambodians are being driven out of the area by the skyrocketing cost of living.
Even though Chinese investment is bringing wealth to Cambodia, this wealth is mainly kept within Cambodia’s Chinese community. Chinese residents and visitors in Cambodia buy from Chinese businesses, eat in Chinese restaurants and stay in Chinese hotels. The trickle-down effect to local businesses is minimal.
China’s economic power and influence can be a source for sustainable development in Cambodia, but for this to happen requires strong leadership from both countries. Both sides must make concerted efforts to promote transparency, accountability and inclusiveness in development projects.
Shared responsibility and multi-stakeholder partnership should be the guiding principles of foreign investment in Cambodia to ensure that Chinese investment and aid contributes to Cambodia’s economic, social and environmental progress in the long run.
Read the entire article at AsiaForum
Op-Ed: The CEROC
គណៈកម្មាធិការជាតិរៀបចំការបោះឆ្នោតនឹងប្រកាសលទ្ធផលផ្លូវការនៃការបោះឆ្នោតជ្រើសតាំងតំណាងរាស្ត្រនីតិកាលទី៦នៅថ្ងៃពុធទី១៥ ខែសីហា ស្អែកនេះ ដោយអះអាងថា គ្មានពាក្យបណ្ដឹងពាក់ព័ន្ធនឹងលទ្ធផលបណ្ដោះអាសន្ននៃការបោះឆ្នោតនេះទេ។ ប៉ុន្តែ អ្នកឃ្លាំមើលការបោះឆ្នោតពីក្រៅប្រទេស អះអាងថា លទ្ធផលនៃបោះឆ្នោតនេះ មានភាពមិនប្រក្រតីមួយចំនួន។ លោក សាយ មុន្នី នៃវីអូអេ សម្ភាសន៍លោក សេង សុភ័ណ ប្រធានគណៈកម្មាធិការ ដើម្បីសិទ្ធិបោះឆ្នោតរបស់ពលរដ្ឋខ្មែរនៅក្រៅប្រទេសនិងជាអតីតមន្ត្រីបោះឆ្នោតនៅខេត្តអាល់បើតានៃប្រទេសកាណាដា អំពីបញ្ហានេះ។ khmer.voanews.com | voacambodia.com #cambodia #khmer #voakhmer
Next Steps for Accountability
Given these new developments, the U.S. should take concerted action to hold Hun Sen and other cronies in the Cambodian government to account. The U.S. and other key actors in the international community, including the European Union, signaled their disapproval of the dissolution of the opposition and deteriorating conditions in the country. These actions may have been too little too late. A more robust response should have been carried out five years ago after flawed 2013 elections revealed a state of deteriorating democracy in Cambodia.22 The U.S. should take further steps to hold the Cambodian government accountable:
- Name and sanction Hun Sen and other party cadres for the role they play in undermining democracy in Cambodia. The U.S. Treasury Department should use all available tools in its toolbox to freeze and seize assets of known individuals actively obstructing freedom in Cambodia. It should expand its use of existing Global Magnitsky authorities and use any other relevant authorities to place individuals on the SDN list. Such an action would send a clear signal to Hun Sen that the U.S. will intervene in necessary ways to get Cambodia back on the path toward democratic reform.
- Expand existing visa restrictions on Cambodian officials undermining democracy. The U.S. State Department should follow through on promises made in its condemnation of the July 2018 election to expand existing visa restrictions on Cambodian government officials. One potential way to expand these authorities would be to extend visa restrictions unequivocally to family members, especially to Hun Sen’s direct family members. (Current visa restrictions only apply to family members on a case-by-case basis.)23
- Create and convene an emergency meeting of the Cambodia Contact Group comprised of parties to the 1991 Paris Peace Agreement, including the United States, Japan, Indonesia, Australia, the U.K., and France, to monitor and press for democratic reform. Among the purposes of the Paris agreement was to ensure “the right to self-determination of the Cambodian people through free and fair elections” and “assuring protection of human rights.”24 The signatories have a continuing moral obligation in this regard. The contact group should be used to coordinate human rights policies and assistance programs toward Cambodia. In short order, leaders from all of the countries at the foreign-minister level should convene to draw up coordinated plans to hold the Cambodian government accountable and get Cambodia back on the path toward reform.
- Condition assistance to Cambodia on the health of democracy. The U.S. should adopt stringent metrics for determining whether Cambodia is eligible for key assistance programs. Such language could mirror proposed conditions in the 2019 State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations bill.25 Language in the Senate version of the appropriations bill is particularly strong and specific. The U.S. government should conduct a thorough review of all assistance to Cambodia and consider instituting more severe restrictions on aid. Emphasis should be placed on holding the Cambodian government accountable without harming the people themselves.
- Continue to press for the release of Kem Sokha. Every U.S. government statement issued in response to deteriorating conditions in Cambodia should continue to reference Kem Sokha’s imprisonment and request that the Cambodian government release him immediately. The U.S. government should also make clear that there will be additional consequences if Kem Sokha continues to be held. Without a swift, coordinated plan democracy may never be restored in Cambodia. The U.S. and the international community should learn from the mistakes of its limited response after the 2013 election and respond to the 2018 elections in an offensive, rather than defensive, manner. The U.S. should plan for conditions to continue to deteriorate and put in place mechanisms that ensure Hun Sen and his CPP cronies are held to account
Read more details at Asia Foundation…
As Singapore dredges sand out from beneath Cambodia’s mangrove forests, an ecosystem, a communal way of life, and one woman’s relationship to her beloved home are faced with the threat of erasure.
I remember my first trip to the mangrove forests near the island of Koh Sralau and along Cambodia’s coastline. I had no idea how extensive the mangrove forests were or how spectacular they would be. The forests stretched for miles and miles, carving out small islands, narrow waterways and channels, and ecologically diverse estuaries. I wanted to document the impact of sand dredging on the mangroves and on the lives of the people who live and thrive in these forests and the oceans surrounding them.
For over a decade, the government of Cambodia has granted several private companies concessions to mine these mangrove forests for sand. Each year, millions of metric tons of sand are shipped to Singapore to enlarge this island nation’s land mass, while Cambodia destroys its only natural protection against erosion, rising sea levels, tsunamis, and hurricanes and lays waste to a vital and fragile ecosystem that thousands of families depend on for their livelihood.
Read more details at Emergence Magazine…
In late July, Cambodia participated (sort of) in the General Election, without having the option to choose the opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP), which had been dissolved by the Supreme Court last November. The landslide victory by the ruling Cambodian People’s Party (CPP) all but assures Prime Minister Hun Sen of near total control of the country. For poll watchers, observers of democracy and human rights activists, the post-mortem reflection on Cambodia’s decline will be painful. But for how long? This brief analysis offers three likely developments in Cambodia that offer both a glimpse of optimism and words of warning.
No. 1: Any imposed sanctions on Cambodia will fail: When the CPP clamped down on political freedoms, Western governments reacted strongly, yet predictably. Economic sanctions were at the top of the list of suggested responses. The United States called forsanctions for Cambodia in January after the arrest of CNRP leader Kem Sokha. Recently, the U.S. and the European Union have called for sanctions on high-ranking officials and more, including thoughts of stripping Cambodia of tax-free access to Western textile markets. If implemented, the loss of revenue could top $650 million. While that wouldcause few reservations for the CPP and Prime Minister Hun Sen, the impact would be felt by up to a million poor Cambodians who work in the textile and garment industries. Sanctions would almost certainly jeopardize efforts to boost national economic standing. The World Bank graduated Cambodia from LDC to lower-middle-income status in 2016and the United Nations has been supporting the country in efforts to move to upper-middle income status by 2030. Threats of sanctions reflect myopic foreign policies that fail to grasp the larger economic and political landscape. While Cambodia will not be able to find alternative Chinese markets for their goods, they will find political solace from Beijing and a new source of legitimate criticism in which to rest short-term political futures. The Americans should learn from the past. The U.S. imposed a trade embargo on Cambodia after the Khmer Rouge gained to power in 1975 and kept them through 1992. Cambodia relied then on China and communist states for their economic survival and it will soon again. Economic sanctions simply don’t work. They rarely have.
No. 2: Cambodia’s civil society will re-emerge: Creeping authoritarianism in the months before the July 2018 election subjected Cambodian civil society groups working in Cambodia to repressive restrictions. Recently, the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) found that the judiciary has been used by the government to tighten controls on civil society groups that the regime saw as a threat, including the closure of some independent media organizations, violent responses to demonstrations, and arbitrary detention and arrest of human rights and political activists. The government passed the Law on Associations and NGOs in 2015, which provided a legal means for threatening civil society groups. However, the cost of repression is often high and civil society often quickly learns to adapt to acts of state violence. One need only look at Cambodia’s neighbor to the west as an example. Thailand imposed a number of repressive laws in the aftermath of the 2014 coup d’etat. Groups of five people were banned from gathering in public, political activists were arrested, and thousands were forced into re-education camps. But, five years after the coup, civil society is showing signs of re-emergence. Unless Hun Sen is willing to use much more repressive means to curtail civil society activities, it is highly likely that CPP dominance will face the same legitimacy challenges Prayut and the NCPO face today. Discounting the power of civil society in Cambodia is to not properly remember its history. Cambodians who faced human rights challenges during the Khmer Rouge eramobilized society and formed the basis for a robust human rights movement–even before the arrival of UNTAC. While it may not emerge in the short-term, it will inevitably happen.