Hierarchy of needs & fundamental human needs

There are criticisms the research of Abraham Maslow associated “the issues of human needs”. Maslow elaborated the basic human needs categorize like a pyramid named “hierarchy of needs”. He divided into five categories from the most primitive needs to the least needs: 1. physiological (breathing, food, water, sex, homeostasis, excretion, sleep), 2. safety (security of body, of employment, of resources, of morality, of the family, of health, of property), 3. love/belonging (friendship, family, sexual intimacy), 4. esteem (self-esteem, confidence, achievement, respect of others, respect by others), 5. self-actualization (morality, creativity, spontaneity, problems solving, lack of prejudice, acceptance of facts). Continue reading “Hierarchy of needs & fundamental human needs”

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Not-so Christian charity

Written by Sophan Seng

Tuesday, 09 September 2008

Dear Editor,

Your article “Proselytising amid poverty” (September 3) explicitly detailed the truth happening among Christian missionaries in Cambodia. Christian missionaries have been academically recognised as the coordinators of colonies.

Cambodia was first known to the world significantly by a Portugal priest San Antonio, who briefly described the beautiful cultural temples and peaceful people of Cambodia. In his memo written in 1604, regarded as a short essay reflecting the reality in Cambodia, he mentioned the greatness of the Angkor Wat ruins and speculated they were so amazing they were built by Roman architects.

Continue reading “Not-so Christian charity”

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Reading Today: Social Research Strategies

Key Points:

  • Quantitative and qualitative research constitute different approaches to social investigation and carry with them important epistemological and ontological consideration.
  • Theory can be depicted as something that precedes research (as in quantitative research) or as something that emerges out of it (as in qualitative research).
  • Epistemological considerations loom large in considerations of research strategy. To a large extent, these revolve around the desirability of employing a natural science model (and in particular positivism) versus interpretivism.
  • Ontological considerations, concerning objectivism versus constructionism, also constitute important dimensions of the quantitative/qualitative contrast.
  • Value may impinge on the research process at different times.
  • Practical considerations in decisions about research methods are also important factors.
  • Feminist researchers have tended to prefer a qualitative approach, though there is some evidence of a change of viewpoint in this regard.

Continue reading “Reading Today: Social Research Strategies”

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The Beauty of Phnom Penh: the Pearl of Asia

Phnom Penh was named after the complete building of mountain dedicated to Don Penh who were the senior devoted Buddhist initiated to worship the important Buddhas consecrated on the top of this mountain. This Cambodian latest capital significantly attracted by its view in the conjunction of four main rivers: Upper Mekong, Lower Mekong, Thonle Sap, and Thonle Basak. It also appeals by the stylizing of French legacy which once called “the pearl of Asia” in same time of Saigon.

If you have chance to visit Phnom Penh, I suggest to go early morning to see the sun rise in front of the Royal Palace. Boomingly, many Phnom Penhians prefer to exercise early morning gathering with many different groups. They run, walk, dance and play. Music is lullabying amid morning dew ground and dawn sky.

Pigeons are flockingly exercising with hundreds of people. The sun gradually appears while the dark quickly dispelled. The red beam beautifully reflects the red tile roof of the palace exhibits the canvas of neatly painting. Many peoples eagerly open their eyes to stare at the soft morning sun. If you were sitting here, you must feel so incredible great to chill yourself under the smoke of morning dew with the light beautiful rising sun appearing from the water.

Before roads flooded by jammed vehicles, this esoteric morning atmosphere surely provides you the fresh air breathing deep into lung to appreciate with further achievement of your new day.

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