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Comment: After the screen shot of John Lowrie has become viral through social media, the resolution of IPU has come to place. And the vice-chair of Cambodia parliament, Ms. Khoun Sodary, has come out to apologize the public on her misleading communication. This is an anatomy of how incompetent, manipulating, and flip-flop behaviour of Cambodian powerful politicians.
CL/203/11(b)-R.1 – 22 – Geneva, 18 October 2018
KHM27 – Chan Cheng KHM76 – Ky Wandara KHM48 – Mu Sochua (Ms.) KHM77 – Lath Littay KHM49 – Keo Phirum KHM78 – Lim Bun Sidareth KHM50 – Ho Van KHM79 – Lim Kimya KHM51 – Long Ry KHM80 – Long Botta KHM52 – Nut Romdoul KHM81 – Ly Srey Vyna (Ms.) KHM53 – Men Sothavarin KHM82 – Mao Monyvann KHM54 – Real Khemarin KHM83 – Ngim Nheng KHM55 – Sok Hour Hong KHM84 – Ngor Kim Cheang KHM56 – Kong Sophea KHM85 – Ou Chanrath KHM57 – Nhay Chamroeun KHM86 – Ou Chanrith KHM58 – Sam Rainsy KHM87 – Pin Ratana KHM59 – Um Sam Am KHM88 – Pol Hom KHM60 – Kem Sokha KHM89 – Pot Poeu (Ms.) KHM61 – Thak Lany (Ms.) KHM90 – Sok Umsea KHM62 – Chea Poch KHM91 – Son Chhay KHM63 – Cheam Channy KHM92 – Suon Rida KHM64 – Chiv Cata KHM93 – Te Chanmony (Ms.) KHM65 – Dam Sithik KHM94 – Tioulong Saumura (Ms.) KHM66 – Dang Chamreun KHM95 – Tok Vanchan KHM67 – Eng Chhai Eang KHM96 – Tuon Yokda KHM68 – Heng Danaro KHM97 – Tuot Khoert KHM69 – Ke Sovannroth (Ms.) KHM98 – Uch Serey Yuth KHM70 – Ken Sam Pumsen KHM99 – Vann Narith KHM71 – Keo Sambath KHM100 – Yem Ponhearith KHM72 – Khy Vanndeth KHM101 – Yim Sovann KHM73 – Kimsour Phirith KHM102 – Yun Tharo KHM74 – Kong Bora KHM103 – Tep Sothy (Ms.)
Alleged human rights violations: Violation of freedom of opinion and expression Violation of freedom of assembly and association Abusive revocation of the parliamentary mandate Lack of due process at the investigation stage Lack of fair trial proceedings and excessive delays Failure to respect parliamentary immunity Violation of freedom of movement Threats and acts of intimidation Torture and ill-treatment and impunity Arbitrary arrest and detention Inhumane conditions of detention
A. Summary of the case
On 16 November 2017, the Supreme Court dissolved the sole opposition party in Cambodia, the Cambodian National Rescue Party (CNRP). It also banned 118 CNRP leaders (including all 55 CNRP members of the National Assembly) from political life for five years with no possibility of appeal. Their parliamentary mandates were immediately revoked and their seats reallocated to non-elected political parties allegedly aligned with the ruling party. The Supreme Court decision was based on charges of conspiracy with a foreign country to overthrow the legitimate government brought against the President of the CNRP, Mr. Kem Sokha. Most former parliamentarians subsequently fled Cambodia and went into exile.
The dissolution of the CNRP left the ruling Cambodian People’s Party (CPP) – and Prime Minister Hun Sen – with no viable challengers for the July 2018 elections to the National Assembly. The authorities stated that the National Assembly remained a multi-party parliament composed of four political parties, in line with the Constitution of Cambodia. The CPP gained all 125 seats in the National Assembly elections, after having already gained all seats in the Senate elections in February 2018.
The dissolution of the CNRP took place against the backdrop of long-standing and repeated threats and groundless criminal charges against its members of parliament. They had been repeatedly warned by the Prime Minister that their only choice was to join the ruling party or be prepared for the dissolution and ban of their party. Since 2013, some 13 CNRP members of parliament have faced criminal accusations in relation to protests or statements critical of the CPP and the Prime Minister. All proceedings concluded with systematic convictions and raised serious issues of due process and lack of judicial independence. Two members of parliament were subjected to physical attacks that have gone unpunished.
After one year of detention in solitary confinement, which was considered as arbitrary and politically motivated by the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention in late April 2018, Mr. Kem Sokha was placed under house arrest on 10 September 2018 in response to a request made by his family on the basis of his poor state of health in detention. The possibility for him to receive visitors remains very restricted and is subject to prior authorization by the Cambodian authorities. Opposition members and foreign officials continue to be denied access to him, according to the complainants and diplomatic sources.
Judicial proceedings are still ongoing against Mr. Sam Rainsy and Mr. Kem Sokha. The latter’s first instance trial has not yet been completed. Mr. Kem Sokha risks a 30-year prison term for planning to overthrow the Government, on the basis of a 2013 TV speech in which he called for peaceful political change in Cambodia, without at any point inciting violence or hatred or uttering defamatory words. This is also the basis of the dissolution of the opposition party, although Mr. Kem Sokha’s guilt has not been established by any criminal court decision to the present day.
Case KHM-Coll-03 Cambodia: Parliament affiliated to the IPU Victims: 57 former opposition parliamentarians (50 male and seven female, 55 from the National Assembly and two from the Senate) Qualified complainant(s): Section I (1) (c) of the Committee Procedure (Annex 1) Submission of complaint: November 2011 Recent IPU decision: March 2018 IPU mission: February 2016 Recent Committee hearings: Hearing with the Cambodia delegation to the 139th IPU Assembly (October 2018) Recent follow-up: – Communication from the authorities: Letter of the Secretary General of the National Assembly (March 2018) – Communication from the complainant: September 2018 – Communication from the IPU to the Secretary General of the National Assembly (September 2018) – Communication from the IPU to the complainant: September 2018.
The Committee Decides to recommend to the Governing Council of the Inter-Parliamentary Union that it adopt the following decision: The Governing Council of the Inter-Parliamentary Union,
1. Thanks the Cambodian delegation to the 139th IPU Assembly for meeting with the Committee on the Human Rights of Parliamentarians, while deeply regretting that this dialogue has not been conducive to progress;
2. Is appalled to learn that Mr. Kem Sokha’s health has seriously deteriorated and that this is the only reason why he is now under house arrest rather than still detained in solitary confinement in prison; takes note with concern that he is still being given limited opportunities to receive visitors, and then only subject to prior official authorization;
3. Notes with concern that the delegation of Cambodia to the 139th IPU Assembly invited the Committee on the Human Rights of Parliamentarians to visit Cambodia again to “see the reality on the ground” but stated that it would not be authorized to meet with Mr. Kem Sokha; stresses that the Committee has decided that it would only send a delegation to Cambodia if that delegation is allowed to meet Mr. Kem Sokha and firm written assurances are received to that end; urges the Cambodian authorities to grant the Committee authorization to meet with Mr. Kem Sokha;
4. Recalls its findings and recommendations following the Committee’s 2016 fact-finding mission to Cambodia; and observes that the Cambodian authorities have failed to take any steps to implement them and resume political dialogue with the opposition; also recalls that its prior request to visit Mr. Kem Sokha in detention had been denied by the Cambodian authorities and that no foreign delegation has been authorized to meet Mr. Kem Sokha since his arrest;
5. Reaffirms its prior conclusions that the fundamental rights of all former opposition parliamentarians have been blatantly violated by the authorities of Cambodia, which have failed to respect and protect the rights to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly of opposition members of parliament, as well as due process guarantees enshrined in the Constitution and laws of Cambodia; remains deeply concerned that these violations are reminiscent of a long-standing pattern of abuse against the opposition that has been documented by the IPU at each past election;
6. Denounces the fact that all 55 parliamentarians of the only opposition party elected to the National Assembly were stripped of their parliamentary mandates and were banned from political life for five years as a result of a Supreme Court ruling and on the basis of legislation, which ran completely counter to their individual and collective rights to take part in the conduct of public affairs and their right to a fair trial;
7. Denounces furthermore the fact that the Supreme Court dissolved the opposition party on the grounds that its leader, Mr. Kem Sokha, planned to overthrow the Government by organizing a so-called “colour revolution”, even though Mr. Kem Sokha’s trial is still ongoing, and that he and all other opposition members of parliament – who have not been prosecuted for these charges – should be presumed innocent until proven guilty by a final court decision; considers that the presumption of innocence and the rule of law have been clearly violated in the present case; and wishes in this regard to put on official record the statement made by the Cambodian delegation to the 139th IPU delegation that “if the opposition members remain quiet, they will be able to resume their political activities” in four years, once the political ban expires, but that in the meantime “they must serve their sentences”;
8. Further recalls its prior findings that the so-called evidence against Mr. Kem Sokha are videos of a 2013 speech of Mr. Kem Sokha that contains nothing whatsoever that could constitute a criminal offence; points out that Mr. Kem Sokha at no point incited hatred or violence or uttered defamatory words in the incriminated videos and that he has emphasized that he aimed at bringing political change by winning the elections; deplores that this video has been used as evidence of treason, for which Mr. Kem Sokha faces up to 30 years in prison; is also alarmed at the clear violation of his parliamentary immunity in the absence of any criminal offence and of any flagrante delicto;
9. Urges once again all Cambodian authorities to immediately release Mr. Kem Sokha and drop the charges, to allow him to resume his duties as president of the opposition without further delay and restriction and to reinstate the CNRP;
10. Renews its call on all IPU member parliaments, including on the parliamentary member of the Asia-Pacific Geopolitical Group, as well as parliamentary assemblies and associations with IPU permanent observer status active in the region, to take concrete actions in support of the urgent resolution of this case in a manner consistent with democratic and human rights values; also counts on the assistance of all relevant regional and international organizations;
11. Requests the Secretary General to convey this decision to the competent authorities, the complainants and any third party likely to be in a position to supply relevant information;
12. Requests the Committee to continue examining this case and to report back to it in due course.
Read the whole adoption: 157_-_public_-_committee_decisions-e
ខ្ញុំព្រះករុណាអាត្មាភាព-យើងខ្ញុំក្នុងនាមសមាជិកស្ថាបនាក៏ដូចជាសមាជិកប្រតិបត្តិនិងសមាជិកទូទៅទាំងអតីតនិងបច្ចុប្បន្ននៃសមាគមខេមរនិស្សិតនៃសកលវិទ្យាល័យមហាចុឡាឡុងកនរាជាវិទ្យាល័យមានការសោកស្តាយដោយភាពមិនច្បាស់លាស់នៃការចាត់រៀបចំពិធីបុណ្យភ្ជុំបិណ្ឌប្រពៃណីខ្មែរខាងមុខរបស់សមាគមនៅថ្ងៃទី៧ ខែតុលា ឆ្នាំ២០១៨នៅវត្តស្រីសុដារាមក្នុងទីក្រុងបាងកក។ តាមលិខិតរបស់សមាគមខេមរនិស្សិតគឺសមាគមជាអ្នករៀបចំបុណ្យភ្ជុំបិណ្ឌនេះ ប៉ុន្តែទៅជារាជទូតកម្ពុជាប្រចាំទីក្រុងបាងកកចេញសំបុត្រថាខ្លួនជាអ្នករៀបចំឬម្ចាស់បុណ្យទៅវិញ។ នៅក្នុងវារៈលំអិតនៃវិធីបុណ្យ ក៏សង្កេតឃើញរដ្ឋមន្ត្រីក្រសួងការងារនិងមុខវិជ្ជាជីវៈរបស់កម្ពុជានឹងមកចូលរួមផងដែរ។ (សូមពិនិត្យមើលលិខិតភ្ជាប់មកជាមួយនេះស្រាប់)
សូមបញ្ជាក់ថាសមាគមខេមរៈនិស្សិតនេះជាសមាគមក្រៅរដ្ឋាភិបាលចំណុះអោយសាកលវិទ្យាល័យ។ ស្ថាប័ននេះជាស្ថាប័នសមណៈនិស្សិតខ្មែរដែលជាបណ្ឌិតបញ្ញវន្តដែលបានបញ្ចប់ការសិក្សា កំពុងសិក្សា និងមានមកបន្តការសិក្សាខាងមុខ។ លក្ខន្តិកៈរបស់សមាគមគឺឈររឹងមាំលើការបំពេញតាមគោលបំណងរបស់ខ្លួនដើម្បីជំរុញភាពជោគជ័យនៃការសិក្សារៀនសូត្រ មានក្រមសីលធម៍ មានវិជ្ជាជីវៈ និងជាក្រុមបច្ចេកទេសសុទ្ធសាធ ហើយមិនពាក់ព័ន្ធក្នុងការបំរើបក្សនយោបាយណាមួយឡើយ។
ដើម្បីតំរង់ទិសរបស់យើងប្រកបដោយសតិសម្បជ្ជញ្ញៈនិងនិរន្តរភាពស្ថាប័ន ខ្ញុំព្រះករុណាអាត្មាភាព-យើងខ្ញុំ សូមថ្កោលទោសបុគ្គលឬក្រុមណាដែលយកសមាគមទៅពាក់ព័ន្ធបំរើបក្សនយោបាយ និងបក្សនយោបាយដែលឆ្លៀតយកអត្ថប្រយោជន៍ពីសមាគមទៅបំរើមហិច្ឆតានយោបាយរបស់ខ្លួនតាមទំនើងចិត្ត។ សូមបញ្ជាក់ថាក្រុមបច្ចេកទេស ពិតជាមានទំងន់និងតំលៃខ្ពស់ជាងក្រុមអ្នកនយោបាយនៅគ្រប់សម័យកាលទាំងអស់ក្នុងការអភិវឌ្ឍន៍សង្គម។
ថ្ងៃ១១រោច ខែអស្សុជ ឆ្នាំច សំរិទ្ធិស័ក ព.ស. ២៥៦១
ថ្ងៃទី៥ ខែតុលា ឆ្នាំ២០១៨
We are founding members as well as leadership members and general members, in the past and present, of the Khemara Student Association of Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University have disappointed on the conflicting invitation of Pchum Ben Khmer ceremony which will be conducted this October 7, 2018 at Sri Sodaram Monastery in Bangkok. According to the invitation of the Association, the Association is the host of this event. But Royal Embassy of Cambodia in Bangkok issued their own invitation confirming that Embassy is the host of the event. In the detailed agenda, Minister of Labor and Vocational Training of Cambodia will attend the ceremony as well. (Please see the invitations attached herewith).
We would like to affirm that Khemara Student Association is the non-governmental organization under the provision of the University. This institution is the institution of Buddhist monks who are intellectuals and scholars whom graduated, are current students, and are prospective students. The bylaw of the Association has stood firm on accomplishing the objectives of the Association to further learning success, aware of code of ethic, professionalism, and we are purely technical group, and this Association shall never involve serving any political party.
To move towards our goal with consciousness and sustainability of the institution, we are condemning any individual or group who are using the Association to serve the political party, and political party that exploits the Association for their own political ambition. We would like to confirm that technical groups are genuinely pertaining heavier weight and more invaluable than those of politician groups in developing a society.
เราเป็นสมาชิกผู้ก่อตั้งรวมถึงสมาชิกผู้นำและสมาชิกทั่วไปในอดีตและปัจจุบันของสมาคมนักเรียน Khemara มหาวิทยาลัยมหาจุฬาลงกรณราชวิทยาลัยรู้สึกผิดหวังกับคำเชิญที่ขัดแย้งกันของพิธี Pchum Ben Khmer ซึ่งจะจัดขึ้นในวันที่ 7 ตุลาคม 2018 ที่วัดศรีสุพาราม ในกรุงเทพฯ ตามคำเชิญของสมาคม สมาคมเป็นเจ้าภาพจัดงานนี้ แต่สถานเอกอัครราชฑูตกัมพูชาในกรุงเทพฯได้ออกหนังสือเชิญตัวเองว่าเป็นเจ้าภาพจัดงานดังกล่าว ។ รัฐมนตรีว่าการกระทรวงแรงงานและอาชีวศึกษากัมพูชาจะเข้าร่วมพิธีด้วยเช่นกัน (โปรดดูคำเชิญที่แนบมาพร้อมนี้)។
เราอยากจะยืนยันว่า Khemara Student Association เป็นองค์กรที่อยู่ในความดูแลของมหาวิทยาลัย។ สถาบันนี้เป็นสถาบันของพระสงฆ์ที่เป็นปัญญาชนและนักวิชาการที่จบการศึกษา เป็นนักเรียนปัจจุบัน และเป็นนักเรียนในอนาคต។ ข้อบังคับของสมาคมมีความมุ่งมั่นในการบรรลุวัตถุประสงค์ของสมาคมต่อความสำเร็จในการเรียนรู้ การรับรู้ถึงทางจรรยาบรรณ ทางวิชาชีพ และเราเป็นกลุ่มทางเทคนิคอย่างหมดจด และสมาคมนี้จะไม่เกี่ยวข้องกับการให้บริการพรรคการเมืองใด ๆ។
เพื่อมุ่งสู่เป้าหมายของเราด้วยจิตสำนึกและความยั่งยืนของสถาบันเราประณามบุคคลหรือกลุ่มบุคคลใด ๆ ที่ใช้สมาคมเพื่อรับใช้พรรคการเมืองและพรรคการเมืองที่ใช้ประโยชน์จากสมาคมเพื่อจุดประสงค์ทางการเมืองของตนเอง เราต้องการยืนยันว่ากลุ่มเทคนิคมีน้ำหนักที่หนักกว่าและมีคุณค่ามากขึ้นกว่ากลุ่มนักการเมืองในการพัฒนาสังคม។
October 5, 2018
Cambodia’s Hun Sen defiant despite EU trade threat
PHNOM PENH (Reuters) – Cambodia’s Prime Minister Hun Sen has taken a defiant stance following a European Union announcement last week that it would ramp up trade pressure on Cambodia over human rights concerns.
The European Union (EU) told Cambodia on Friday it will lose its special access to the world’s largest trading bloc, and said it was considering similar trade sanctions for Myanmar, adding that it was ready to punish human rights abuses in both countries.
The EU warned that it had launched a six-month review of Cambodia’s duty-free access to the EU, meaning garments, sugar and other exports could face tariffs within 12 months.
Speaking to Cambodian students on Sunday as part of a trip to Japan to attend a regional meeting, Hun Sen said Cambodia must defend its sovereignty. Hun Sen has held power for three decades.
“No matter what measures they want to take against Cambodia, in whatever way, Cambodia must be strong in its defense of its sovereignty,” Hun Sen said during a speech to students in Tokyo shared on his Facebook page on Sunday.
“I say it again and again: don’t exchange national sovereignty with aid, don’t exchange the peace of the country with aid,” he said.
He did not specifically comment on how the removal of trade privileges could impact exports.
The EU warned Cambodia in July that it could lose its special trade status after a general election that month returned Prime Minister Hun Sen to power.
Rights groups said the election was not fair because of the lack of a credible opposition, among other reasons.
The main opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) was dissolved by the country’s Supreme Court at the government’s request last year and did not take part in the election.
Many CNRP leaders have fled abroad and are in living in self-imposed exile.
Cambodia’s exports to the European Union were worth 5 billion euros ($5.8 billion) last year, according to EU data, up from negligible levels less than a decade ago.
Cambodia’s textile, garments and footwear industry are vital to its economy. Around 40 percent of its GDP comes from garment exports.
The garments sector employs more than 800,000 workers. The EU and U.S. are the country’s primary markets for exports, according to the International Labour Organization (ILO).
Reuters was unable to reach three workers’ unions for reaction on Monday. A government spokesman, Phay Siphan, was also unavailable to comment.
Cambodia is marking a national holiday from Monday to Wednesday this week with many offices closed.
Additional reporting and writing by Amy Sawitta Lefevre in BANGKOK; Editing by Simon Cameron-Moore
Op-Ed: the CEROC
The loss of democracy in any country should concern us. #Cambodia is falling back into the darkness it experienced in the past. Prime Minister Hun Sen has destroyed democratic institutions and practices. He has outlawed the opposition and jailed the opposition leader, Kem Sokha.
The July election was fixed and illegitimate. Cambodia’s history as a one-party state has had long-lasting consequences that the Cambodian people have worked hard to overcome. Democratic is a foundation for human rights. Exiled Cambodian leaders like Mu Sochua have addressed members of this House, calling on Canada to speak out.
Today, I called on this Liberal government to press for the restoration of democracy in Cambodia and call for Kem Sokha’s immediate release. We call for the restoration of the rights of the opposition, and a new election. Until then, I asked that the government not recognize any representatives of this illegitimate Cambodian regime.
ការបាត់បង់លទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យនៅប្រទេសណាក៏ដោយ យើងត្រូវចាប់អារម្មណ៍។ ប្រទេសកម្ពុជាកំពុងធ្លាក់ខ្លួនចូលរទៅក្នុងពិភពងងឹតដែលធ្លាប់ឆ្លងកាត់ពីអតីតកាល។ លោកនាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រីហ៊ុន-សែនបានកំពុងបំផ្លាញស្ថាប័នលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យនិងការអនុវត្តន៍ស្ថាប័នទាំងនេះ។ គាត់បានដាក់ក្រុមជំទាស់អោយនៅក្រៅច្បាប់ ហើយចាប់ដាក់គុកប្រធានគណបក្សគឺលោកកឹម-សុខា។
ការបោះឆ្នោតជាតិត្រូវបានធ្វើឡើង ហើយលទ្ធផលជារដ្ឋាភិបាលមិនស្របច្បាប់។ ប្រទេសកម្ពុជាមានប្រវត្តិដឹកនាំផ្តាច់ការបែបបក្សតែមួយដែលផ្តល់អាក្រក់ជាច្រើនមកហើយ ដែលប្រជាពលរដ្ឋកម្ពុជាបានព្យាយាមយកជំនៈលើរបបបែបនេះ។ ប្រជាធិបតេយ្យគឺជាគ្រឹះនៃសិទ្ធិមនុស្ស។ មេដឹកនាំនិរទេសខ្លួនអ្នកស្រីម៉ួរ-សុខហួរបានថ្លែងរបាយការណ៍នៅចំពោះមុខរដ្ឋសភាកាណាដាយើងនេះអំពាវនាវអោយប្រទេសកាណាដានិយាយចេញជាចំហរ។
ថ្ងៃនេះ ខ្ញុំសូមអំពាវនាវអោយរដ្ឋាភិបាលកាណាដាដឹកនាំដោយបក្សសេរីនិយម ដាក់សំពាធបន្ថែមទៅលើរដ្ឋាភិបាលកម្ពុជាអោយស្តារលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យឡើងវិញ ដោះលែងលោកកឹម-សុខាជាបន្ទាន់។ យើងសូមអំពាវនាវអោយមានការស្តារឡើងវិញនូវសិទ្ធិទាំងឡាយរបស់គណបក្សជំទាស់ និងការបោះឆ្នោតសាជាថ្មី។ បើមិនដូច្នោះទេ ខ្ញុំសុំអោយរដ្ឋាភិបាលកាណាដាមិនទទួលស្គាល់តំណាងណាមួយនៃរបបដឹកនាំកម្ពុជាដែលមិនស្របច្បាប់នេះ។
ការប្រជុំអង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិលើកទី៧៣ស្តីអំពីការកំណត់វាសនារួមកាន់នៃប្រជាជនពិភពលោក លោកនាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រីកម្ពុជាត្រូវបង្ខំចិត្តមកចូលរួមខ្លួនឯងដែលខុសពីលើកមុនៗ ភាគច្រើនត្រឹមបញ្ជូនទេសរដ្ឋមន្ត្រីនិងរដ្ឋមន្ត្រីក្រសួងការបរទេសមកចូលរួម។
មានសំណួរ សួរថានៅពេលដែលលោកហ៊ុន-សែនបានរៀបចំការបោះឆ្នោតក្លែងក្លាយដើម្បីឡើងកាន់អំណាច ហេតុអ្វីអង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិត្រូវអញ្ជើញលោកមកថ្លែងការណ៍? -តាមពិត អង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិមិនបានអញ្ជើញទេ គឺតំណាងប្រទេសមួយៗអាចរៀបចំយ៉ាងណាអោយមានតំណាងខ្លួនមកថ្លែងការណ៍ពេលមានប្រជុំប្រចាំឆ្នាំម្តងៗតែប៉ុណ្ណោះ។ តែពេលនេះលោកហ៊ុន-សែនទទួលបានការគាបសង្កត់ខ្លាំងពីគ្រប់មជ្ឈដ្ឋានទាំងប្រជាជនខ្មែរអ្នកបោះឆ្នោត ទាំងគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិ ទាំងក្រុមការងារគណបក្សប្រជាជនខ្លួន ទាំងប្រទេសដែលមិនទទួលស្គាល់លោកមានសហគមអុឺរ៉ុបនិងអាមេរិកជាដើម និងទាំងប្រទេសដែលគាំទ្រលោកដើម្បីប្រយោជន៍របស់គេគឺប្រទេសចិនជាដើម។
– ទី១ គឺបាតុកម្មប្រឆាំងរបស់សហគមខ្មែរមកពីអាមេរិកនិងកាណាដានៅមុខអង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិនាទីក្រុងញូយ៉ក។ ពួកគេទាំងអស់នោះ ចំណាយកំឡាំងកាយចិត្តរបស់ខ្លួនព្រោះមើលឃើញកំហុសឆ្គងរបស់លោកហ៊ុន-សែនចំពោះនីតិរដ្ឋ(rule of laws), សេដ្ឋកិច្ច(economy), សេរីភាព(freedom), សិទ្ធិមនុស្ស(human rights), ប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ(democracy), ការបោះឆ្នោត(election), និងភាពថ្លៃថ្នូររបស់បច្ចេកបុគ្គលខ្មែរម្នាក់ៗ(dignity of individual Khmer)ខ្លាំងពេក។
– ទី២ ប្រទេសនៃសមាជិកសហគមអុឺរ៉ុបនិងសហរដ្ឋអាមេរិកនឹងប្រើប្រាស់ឱកាសវត្តមានរបស់លោកហ៊ុន-សែនដើម្បីលើកឡើងនូវបញ្ហាធំៗមានការទំលាក់ចោលការចោទប្រកាន់ទាំងអស់និងអនុញ្ញាតអោយគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិត្រឡប់មកប្រក្រតីភាពឡើងវិញជាដើម។ បារាំងនឹងធ្វើជាមជ្ឈន្តិករនៃការសំរបសំរួលក្នុងនាមជាសហប្រធាននៃកិច្ចព្រមព្រៀងសន្តិភាពទីក្រុងប៉ារីស២៣ តុលា ១៩៩១។
សូមបញ្ជាក់ថាសហគមអុឺរ៉ុបដែលមានសមាជិកជាច្រើនឈររឹងមាំនៅអង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិធ្លាប់ស្នើរអោយមានការព្យួរអាសនៈកម្ពុជានៅអង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិបើកម្ពុជាមិន ត្រឡប់មករកប្រក្រតីភាពឡើងវិញទេ។ ប្រទេសបារាំង អង់គ្លេស និងសហរដ្ឋអាមេរិក ជាសមាជិកសន្តិសុខអចិន្ត្រៃយ៍ក្នុងចំណោម៥ប្រទេសរួមទាំងចិននិងរុស្សុី។ គេមិនប្រាកដថាចិននិងរុស្សុីអាចការពារកម្ពុជាបានទេ បើប្រទេសនេះត្រូវប្រឈមការគាបសង្កត់ធ្ងន់ធ្ងរពីប្រទេសទាំងអស់នៅអង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិ។ ក្នុងអង្គប្រជុំនោះ អ្នកស្រីបណ្ឌិតរ៉ូណាស្មីត ដែលជាប្រេសីតពិសេសរបស់លោកអគ្គលេខាអង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិលោកអន់តូទីអូ ហ្គូតើរ៉េស (Antonio Guterres) នឹងធ្វើសេចក្តីរាយការណ៍លំអិតដល់សមាជិកទាំងអស់របស់អង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិអំពីសិទ្ធិមនុស្សនិងសេរីភាពដែលកំពុងកើតមាននៅកម្ពុជា។
ខុសពីដូណាល់ត្រាំ លោកប្រធានាធិបតេយ្យម៉ាក្រុនឈរយ៉ាងរឹងមាំនូវស្ថាប័នសកលលោកនិយម(globalism)តាមរយៈការខិតខំរួមគ្នា(collective effort) ហើយសិទ្ធិមនុស្សមិនមែនជារឿងដែលយើងអាចអនុគ្រោះ(compromise)បានទេ វាជាកាតព្វកិច្ចរួមគ្នា(collective obligation)។ ខុសពីលោកត្រាំដែលសំលឹងមើលប្រយោជន៍ប្រទេសមួយៗ លោកម៉ាក្រុនសំលឹងមើលការសហការពហុភាគី(multilateralism) មិនទទួលយកបាននូវឯកពន្ធភាព(unilateralism)បានទេ។
Op-Ed: The CEROC
ថ្ងៃទី២២ ខែកញ្ញា ឆ្នាំង២០១៨នេះ ប្រធានដឺសុីរ៉ក់លោកសេង សុភ័ណ បានជួបសំណេះសំណាលជាមួយតំណាងរាស្ត្រប្រចាំមណ្ឌលបោះឆ្នោតរបស់គាត់គឺលោក MP Ron McKinnon ដែលតំណាងអោយរដ្ឋសហព័ន្ធកាណាដាក្នុងការគាំទ្រតែងតាំងគាត់ជាបេក្ខជនបន្តទៀតសំរាប់គណបក្សសេរីភាព(Liberal Party)កំពុងដឹកនាំរដ្ឋាភិបាលបច្ចុប្បន្ន ក្នុងមណ្ឌលបោះឆ្នោត Coquitlam-Port Coquitlam កំណត់ឡើងក្នុងឆ្នាំ២០១៩ខាងមុខ។
ទន្ទឹមនឹងនោះដែរ លោកសុភ័ណបានពិភាក្សាលំអិតជាមួយលោកតំណាងរាស្ត្រអំពីស្ថានការណ៌សិទ្ធិមនុស្សនិងលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យនៅកម្ពុជា។ ការបោះឆ្នោតនៅថ្ងៃទី២៩ ខែកក្កដា ឆ្នាំ២០១៨ ជាការបោះឆ្នោតមួយដែលមិនអាចឆ្លុះបញ្ចាំងពីឆន្ទៈពិតរបស់ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋខ្មែរពិតប្រាកដបានទេពីព្រោះគណបក្សប្រកួតប្រជែងដែលមានកំឡាំងប្រហាក់ប្រហែលគ្នាត្រូវបានផាត់ចេញពីសៃវេននយោបាយដោយការចាប់ប្រធានដាក់ឃុំ បំបិទសិទ្ធិថ្នាក់ដឹកនាំសំខាន់ៗទាំង១១៨នាក់ រំលាយគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិចោល ដកយកកៅអីសភាតំណាងរាស្ត្រទាំង៥៥ទៅចែកអោយគណបក្សផ្សេង និងដកយកតំណែងឃុំ-សង្កាត់ទាំង៥០០៧ដែលប្រជាពលរដ្ឋបោះឆ្នោតអោយមកគ្រប់គ្រងខ្លួនឯង។ មិនតែប៉ុណ្ណោះ ពត៌មានឯករាជ្យសំខាន់ៗត្រូវបានបិទ អង្គការក្រៅរដ្ឋាភិបាលដែលធ្វើការឃ្លាំមើលសិទ្ធិមនុស្សនិងប្រជាធិបតេយ្យទាំងថ្នាក់ជាតិនិងអន្តរជាតិត្រូវបានគាបសង្កត់គ្រប់បែបយ៉ាងនិងបណ្តេញចេញក្រៅប្រទេស។ ការសំដែងមតិនិងចលនាសហជីបកម្មករត្រូវបានរឹតបណ្តឹង។ ជាលទ្ធផល គណបក្សប្រជាជនកម្ពុជាដែលដឹកនាំដោយលោកហ៊ុន-សែនប្រកាសឈ្នះកៅអីសភាទាំង១២៥កៅអីជាអត្តនោមតិ។
ពេលនេះ រដ្ឋសភាសហគមអុឺរ៉ុបក៏ដូចជាសហរដ្ឋអាមេរិកនិងអង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិ ដែលជាដៃគូរសំខាន់ក្នុងការអភិវឌ្ឍន៍សេដ្ឋកិច្ចនិងលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យបានថ្កោលទោសនិងចេញដំណោះ
ស្រាយរួមនិងដាច់ដោយឡែក ដោយចោទសួរចំៗទៅរដ្ឋាភិបាលឯកបក្សថ្មីរបស់លោកហ៊ុន-សែនអោយត្រឡប់មករកប្រក្រតីភាពឡើងវិញដោយការអោយគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិវិលមកដូចដើមវិញ ដោះលែងប្រធានគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិលោកកឹម-សុខាពីការឃុំឃាំងក្នុងផ្ទះនិងលោកសម-រង្សុីដែលកំពុងនិរទេសខ្លួននៅក្រៅប្រទេសក្នុងបទចោទនយោបាយរាប់ជំពូកដើម្បីគាត់អោយចូលស្រុកវិញប្រកបជីវភាពនយោបាយធម្មតា ផ្តល់សិទ្ធិនយោបាយអោយថ្នាក់ដឹកនាំទាំង១១៨នាក់ ប្រគល់តំណែងឃុំ-សង្កាត់ទាំង៥០០៧នាក់មកវិញ អនុញ្ញាតអោយសារពត៌មានឯករាជ្យ សង្គមសុីវិល និងសហជីបកម្មការមានដំណើរការនិងសិទ្ធិសេរីភាពឡើងវិញ។ បើមិនដូច្នោះទេ សហគមអុឺរ៉ុននិងសហរដ្ឋអាមេរិកជាដើម នឹងដក់កិច្ចអនុគ្រោះពន្ធនាំសំលៀកបំពាក់ចូល ដែលក្នុងមួយឆ្នាំជិត៧០០លានដុល្លាសហរដ្ឋអាមេរិក។ មិនតែប៉ុណ្ណោះ សហគមអុឺរ៉ុបនិងសហរដ្ឋអាមេរិកនឹងផ្តាច់ជំនួយក៏ដូចជាទំនាក់ទំនងការទូតនិងដាក់បញ្ជីខ្មៅដល់ក្រុមបក្សពួកដែលមានចំណែកក្នុងការធ្វើអោយធ្លាក់ចុះនៃលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យនិងសិទ្ធិមនុស្សនៅកម្ពុជា។
ជាការកត់សំគាល់ រដ្ឋាភិបាលថ្មីក្រោយការបោះឆ្នោតក្លែងក្លាយនេះ មិនមានប្រទេសណាច្រើនទទួលស្គាល់ទេ មានប្រទេសចិនដែលប្រកាសជំហរគាំទ្រនិងសហការជាមួយកម្ពុជានៅពេលដែលការវិនិយោគរបស់ចិនភាគច្រើនជាការវិនិយោគបែបគ្មានតម្លាភាពដោយការកាប់ទន្ទ្រានព្រៃនិងជីកយករ៉ែ និងដឹកមកជាមួយនូវសម្ភារៈនិងកម្មកររបស់ចិនមកជាមួយ។ ការណ៍នេះ ធ្វើអោយនឹកឃើញដល់កិច្ចព្រមព្រៀងពាណិជ្ជកម្មរវាងនាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រី Justin Trudeau របស់កាណាដាជាមួយចិនដែលទទួលបានបរាជ័យពីព្រោះលោកទ្រូដូបដិសេធន៍សំណើរចិនក្នុងការនាំចូលសម្ភារៈនិងកម្មករចិនមកជាមួយក្នុងការវិនិយោគក្នុងប្រទេសកាណាដា។ លើសពីនេះ លោកសេង សុភ័ណ សង្កេតឃើញភាពអនាធិបតេយ្យរបស់ជនជាតិចិននៅប្រទេសកម្ពុជាជាពិសេសទីក្រុងព្រះសីហនុតែម្តង។
បញ្ជាក់ជាមួយលោកតំណាងរាស្ត្ររ៉ន ប្រទេសកាណាដាបានទទួលការនាំចូលទំនិញពីកម្ពុជាបែបអនុគ្រោះពន្ធទំហំជិត៦ភាគរយ ហើយរដ្ឋាភិបាលកាណាដានៅបន្តជួយកម្ពុជាពង្រឹងផ្នែកសិទ្ធិមនុស្ស នីតិរដ្ឋ ការកសាងកំឡាំងសមត្ថភាព និងសេដ្ឋកិច្ចសង្គមបន្តជារៀងរហូតក្រោយពីបានចុះហត្ថលេខាលើសន្ធិសញ្ញាកិច្ចព្រមព្រៀងសន្តិភាពទីក្រុងប៉ារីស២៣ តុលា ១៩៩១ មក។ ទាក់ទងនឹងញត្តិអនឡាយរបស់រដ្ឋសភាកាណាដាដែលធានានិងគាំទ្រដោយលោកតំណាងរាស្ត្រ លោកសុភ័ណនឹងជជែកពិភាក្សាជាបន្តបន្ទាប់ជាមួយជំនួយការផ្ទាល់របស់គាត់ប្រចាំការិយាល័យនៅអូតាវ៉ា។ បើមុនថ្ងៃ២៤ តុលាខាងមុខ ចំនួនញត្តិបានគ្រប់៥០០ លោករ៉ននិងសហការជាមួយក្រសួងការបរទេសដឹកនាំដោយអ្នកស្រីChristia Freelandមុននឹងចេញសេចក្តីថ្លែងការណ៌អនុមត្តិដំណោះស្រាយរួមក្នុងរដ្ឋសភាកាណាដាក្នុងការស្តារនិងកំណត់វិធានការណ៍ជាក់លាក់ចំពោះការធ្លាក់ចុះនៃលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យនៅកម្ពុជា។ លោកអ្នកអាចចូលរួមចុះហត្ថលេខាលើញត្តិបន្ថែមបាន៖ https://petitions.ourcommons.ca/en/Petition/Details?Petition=e-1746
This September 22, 2018, Mr. Sophan Seng, President of the CEROC met and discussed with member of parliament for federal government in his Constituency Mr. Ron McKinnon who is also collecting support signatures for his Coquitlam-Port Coquitlam candidacy of the Liberal Party for the upcoming national election in 2019.
In the meantime, Mr. Sophan discussed in details about the human rights and democracy environment of Cambodia. The election on 29 July 2018 has not been a free and fair election reflecting genuine will of the Cambodian voters at all because the key opposition party that have paralleling capacity to compete with the ruling party CPP was banned not to compete in the election by jailing its leader, banning top leadership of 118 politicians not to engage in politics, dissolving the Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP), taking away the parliamentary seats of 55 to redistribute to other parties, and taking away the commune-Sangkat councillors of 5007 posts voted by the people to its own party. Further more, the independence media were shut down, non-governmental organizations whose missions are to monitor election and democratization, both domestic and international, were pressured and dispelled. Freedom of expression and movement of labor unions were oppressed. As a result, the ruling party Cambodian People’s Party (CPP) grabbed all 125 seats from the election.
Right now, the European unions, United States of America, and the United Nations, who are partners of development and democratization each have condemned and approved resolution by interacting directly to Prime Minister Hun Sen to bring back normality by allowing CNRP to normal operation, release President of the party Mr. Kem Sokha from house arrest, and Mr. Sam Rainsy who is in self-exile by several political verdicts of the government to be able to return back home to conduct his political career freely, allowing all 118 politicians to freely engage in politics without having legal reprisals, giving back the 5007 posts of commune-sangkat councillors, allowing media, NGOs and unions to exercise their rights and freedom fully without obstacles. If not following this scenario, the European unions and the United States etc. shall cut off the free-tariff on garment exporting value near 700 millions per year while diplomatic tie and aids will be in dilemma, and blacklisting will be created to punish those individuals who have engaged to human rights violation and de-democratization in Cambodia.
Remarkably, the new government born after a fake election, just few countries recognized especially China who has come out to support and incorporate with Cambodia while major investments from China are the nontransparent FDI by conducting deforestation and mineral exploitation with bringing all China’s materials and manpower/workers in. This problem reminds us of trade negotiation between Justin Trudeau and China which was failed completely because China insisted to bring their own materials and workers to invest in Canada. More than this, Mr. Sophan noticed on the anarchy of Chinese people in Cambodia particularly in Sihanoukville.
Emphasizing with MP Ron, Canada has provided free-tariff importing of Cambodia products accounting nearly 6%, and the royal government of Canada has continued to support human rights, rule of laws, capacity building, social and economic development eversince since Canada was a signatory of Paris Peace Agreement of October 23, 1991. Regarding the online petition sponsored by MP, Mr. Sophan shall contact and discuss with his personal assistance at main office in Ottawa continuously. If before the expiry date of October 24, the signatures are reached 500, MP Ron will detail this with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs led by Christia Freeland before giving speech on official statement on collective resolution of proper restoration and measures to the situation of democracy in Cambodia. You can sign the petition at: https://petitions.ourcommons.ca/en/Petition/Details?Petition=e-1746