លោកសម-រង្ស៊ីធ្វើអោយពិភពលោកផ្អើលម្តងទៀត៩វិច្ឆិកា២០១៩

យើងទាំងអស់គ្នានៅចាំបានកាលពីមាតុភូមិនិវត្សន៍របស់លោកសម-រង្ស៊ីកាលពីថ្ងៃទី១៩ ខែកក្កដា ឆ្នាំ២០១៣ ដែលនៅពេលនោះមានប្រជាពលរដ្ឋច្រើនដល់លាននាក់នៅទីក្រុងភ្នំពេញជាពិសេសក្នុងចំណោមយុវជន-យុវតីបានចេញមកទទួលនិងហែរហមគាត់ពីព្រលានយន្តហោះទៅដល់ទីស្នាក់ការគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិ។ អ្នកតាមដានស្ថានការណ៍សង្កេតឃើញថាប្រជាប្រីយភាពដ៏លើសលប់របស់លោកនៅពេលនោះគឺមកពីលោកជាអ្នកនយោបាយឈរលើសច្ចភាពទៀងត្រង់ក្នុងការនាំមកនូវលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យពិតប្រាកដជូនដល់ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋខ្មែរ។ ហើយអ្វីដែលធ្វើអោយមនុស្សម្នារអ្នកគាំទ្រដ៏ច្រើនលើសលប់ចេញមកទទួលនៅពេលនោះគឺបណ្តាលមករដ្ឋាភិបាលក្រោមការដឹកនាំរបស់លោកហ៊ុន-សែនបានតាមបៀតបៀនដល់លោកសម-រង្ស៊ីមិនចេះចប់មិនចេះហើយជាពិសេសមានដីកាតុលាការរាប់មិនអស់ដែលតុលាការកម្ពុជាមានឈ្មោះអាក្រក់ខាងកាត់ក្តីគ្មានយុត្តិធម៌។ ក្នុងចំណោមដីកាតុលាការទាំងនោះ ការចោទប្រកាន់ទៅលើលោកសម-រង្ស៊ីរឿងដកបង្គោលព្រំដែននិងបំផ្លាញមិត្តភាពរបស់រដ្ឋាភិបាលកម្ពុជាជាមួយវៀតណាមគឺជារលកដំបូងនាំទៅរករលកស៊ូណាមីនាពេលនោះ។

លោកសម-រង្ស៊ីប្រកាសដកតែហ៊ុន-សែនចេញទេ ចំណែកមេដឹកនាំសំខាន់ៗដូចជាស-ខេង និងសាយ-ឈុំគឺលោកអាចធ្វើការជាមួយបាន។

ព្រឹត្តការណ៍៩វិច្ឆិកា២០១៩ខាងមុខនេះ មានភាពឡូសុិក(logic)ជាងឆ្នាំ២០១៣ទៅទៀត។ ការលាលែងពីតំណែងជាប្រធានបក្សរបស់លោកសម-រង្សុី ត្រូវបានគេមើលឃើញថាជាទង្វើគំរូប្រកបដោយការលៈបង់ខ្ពស់របស់លោកក្នុងការរក្សាគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិអោយមានដំណើរការជាប្រក្រតីភាព។ ប៉ុន្តែការចាប់ចងលោកកឹម-សុខា ដែលជាប្រធានបក្សបន្តវេន រួចរំលាយគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិទាំងមិនទាន់បានរកកំហុសនិងកាត់ទោសលោកកឹម-សុខាផងនោះរឹតតែធ្វើអោយសមាជិកបក្សដែលបោះឆ្នោតអោយជាង៣លាននាក់នៅមិនអស់ចិត្តសោះ។

ការវិលត្រឡប់មកវិញរបស់លោកសម-រង្សុីក្នុងនាមជាប្រធានស្តីទីរបស់គណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិនិងដំណើរវិវឌ្ឍន៍ទៅមាតុប្រទេសវិញដើម្បីស្រោចស្រង់គណបក្សមួយនេះ ជារឿងមួយធ្វើអោយអ្នកគាំទ្របក្សនេះពាក់កណ្តាលប្រទេសមានភាពថប់ដង្ហើមមិនអាចលាក់ខ្លួនបំពួនអាត្មាក្នុងការមិនចេញមកទទួលលោកសម-រង្សុីដោយអហឹង្សាបានឡើយ។

ប្រាក់រៀលក្រដាស១៥០០០ថ្មីដែលមានរូបឆាយាលក្ខណ៍នរោត្តមសីហមុនីនិងស្តូបឈ្នះឈ្នះស្តាយសិល្បៈយួនដែលកំពុងទទួលការរិៈគន់ពីមហាជនយ៉ាងដំណំ

ចំណែកលោកហ៊ុន-សែនវិញ អ្នកតាមដានស្ថានការណ៍សង្កេតឃើញថា ដើរខុសច្រើនអន្លើរដោយសារតែអំនួតនិងមោហៈបាំងលុះដោយការស្រេកឃ្លានអំណាចគ្មានទីបញ្ចប់។ ជំនួសអោយការទទួលស្គាល់ការពិតពីការថយចុះយ៉ាងគំហុកនៃប្រជាប្រីយភាពក្រោមការដឹកនាំរបស់ខ្លួនជាង៣០ឆ្នាំ រួចប្រកាសខ្លួនចូលរឺត្រែតក្លាយខ្លួនជារដ្ឋបុរស(statesman)ម្នាក់ ហ៊ុនសែនបែរប្រើល្បិចពិសពុលប្រកាសសត្រូវជាមួយប្រជាពលរដ្ឋខ្លួនជិតពាក់កណ្តាលនគរដែលបោះឆ្នោតអោយគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិដោយចាប់មេដឹកនាំពួកគេដាក់ឃុំឃាំងក្នុងបទចោទក្លែងក្លាយ រំលាយគណបក្សមួយនេះមានបទចោទដោយសាលដីកាតុលាការកំពូលដោយគ្មានមូលដ្ឋានច្បាប់ពិតប្រាកដនិងបិទផ្លូវតវ៉ា ដកកៅអីតំណាងរាស្ត្រទាំង៥៥ចេញព្រមទាំងក្រុមប្រឹក្សាឃុំ-សង្កាត់ទាំង៥០០៧នាក់ដែលប្រជាជនពលរដ្ឋបោះឆ្នោតអោយ យកមកអោយមនុស្សដែលមានស្វាមីភក្តិជាមួយខ្លួនវិញ។

មិនមែនគ្រាន់តែរំលោភទៅលើរដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញ រំលោភអំណាច និងប្រកាសជាសត្រូវជាមួយប្រជាពលរដ្ឋខ្លួនឯងប៉ុណ្ណោះទេ ហ៊ុន-សែនហ៊ានធ្វើសម្បទានគ្រប់បែបយ៉ាងនៅពេលខ្លួនកំពុងមានអំណាចដូចជាសម្បទានល្អជាអាក្រក់ដោយការពារនិងតំឡើងបុណ្យសក្កិពួកជនទុច្ចរិត-ឃាតករ-ចោរជាដើម សម្បទានអោយចិនអាចប្រើប្រាស់ដីខ្មែរបានយ៉ាងសេរី និងសម្បទាយួនរឿងបោះបង្គោលព្រំដែនជាដើម។ល។និង។ល។ ហ៊ុន-សែនហ៊ានសម្បទានគ្រប់បែបយ៉ាងអោយជននិងប្រទេសណាដែលហ៊ានជួយការពារអំណាចគាត់កំឡុងពេលផុយស្រួយនៃអំណាចខ្លួនសព្វថ្ងៃនេះ។

លោកសម-រង្ស៊ីអោនថើបព្រះធរណីកម្ពុជាក្នុងកំឡុងមានមនុស្សច្រើនដល់លាននាក់មកទទួលលោកនៅព្រលានយន្តហោះនៅថ្ងៃទី១៩ កក្កដា ២០១៣។

លទ្ធផលពីនយោបាយហក់ចូលក្នុងឆ្នាំងដំាទឹកពុះរបស់ហ៊ុន-សែននាពេលនេះគឺ លោកសម-រង្ស៊ីប្រកាសប្រើអំណាចប្រជាជន(people power)និងកៀរគរអ្នកស្នេហាជាតិពិតប្រាកដក្នុងជួរគណបក្សប្រជាជនដែលកំពុងមិនពេញចិត្តលោកហ៊ុន-សែនស្រាប់ ក៏ដូចជាចូលទៅរំដោះព្រះមហាក្សត្រពីការគាបសង្កត់ពីហ៊ុន-សែន រំដោះកម្ពុជាពីចិន-យួន ការពារអ៊ីប៊ីអេ(EBA)និងជីអេសស្ទី(GST) និងស្តារនីតិរដ្ឋក៏ដូចជាលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យឡើងវិញស្របតាមរដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញនិងកិច្ចព្រមព្រៀងសន្តិភាពទីក្រុងប៉ារីស។ មកដល់ថ្ងៃនេះ ក្រោមសំពាធពីប្រជាពលរដ្ឋពេញនគរ អង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិនិងពិភពលោកទាំងមូល ចិន-យួនអាចដោះដៃចេញពីហ៊ុន-សែន នៅពេលពួកគេបានទទួលសម្បទានពីហ៊ុន-សែនរួចរាល់ ហើយមិនចង់ប្រឈមជាមួយកំឡាំងប្រជាពលរដ្ឋខ្មែរនិងពិភពលោកទាំងមូល។

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A new ‘Trump Doctrine’ could start with Cambodia

This is not a paper “war game.” America’s military has already considered this hypothetical, and has bombed its enemies on Cambodian soil once before. This time the objective would be to remove China’s military from Southeast Asia, and more broadly the Indo-Pacific, which includes the South China Sea. A collateral effect of bombing Cambodia could be changes in power which non-violent measures, like sanctions, could not effect. America would “kill two birds with one stone.”

នេះមិនមែនជាសំណេរហ្គេមសង្រ្គាមទេ។ ទ័ពអាមេរិកធ្លាប់ពិចារណាលើការសន្និដ្ឋាននេះ ហើយបានទំលាក់គ្រាប់បែកទៅលើសត្រូវរបស់ខ្លួននៅលើទឹកដីកម្ពុជាម្តងពីមុន។ ពេលនេះ គោលបំណងគឺដើម្បីរំលាយទ័ពចិនចេញពីតំបន់អាស៊ីអាគ្នេយ៌ ដែលរួមបច្ចូលទាំងមហាសមុទ្រចិនខាងត្បូង។ ផលពីទង្វើនៃការទំលាក់គ្រាប់បែកលើទឹកដីកម្ពុជាអាចធ្វើអោយមានការផ្លាស់ប្តូរប៉ូលអំណាច នៅពេលដែលវិធានការអហឹង្សានានាដូចជាការដាក់ទណ្ឌកម្មគ្មានប្រសិទ្ធិភាព។ អាមេរិកនឹងសំឡាប់បានសត្វពីរព្រួញមួយពេលនេះ។

A new ‘Trump Doctrine’ could start with Cambodia

Christopher Beres

Op-Ed: Asia Time, By CHRISTOPHER BERES

Picture this: Somewhere in the South China Sea, which China claims as its own, a Chinese warship confronts a Philippine warship or, maybe it’s vice versa, and shots are exchanged. It doesn’t matter which warship fired first. The fight is on and the Philippines’ warship is soon joined by American warships that come to the aid of their treaty ally. China marshals its resources, calling more of its warships to join the fight.

China’s military, which has clandestine facilities in Cambodia, ostensibly for the “repair and maintenance of its warships and jet fighters,” is ready to perform its support functions. The Chinese have prepared for this eventuality, but so too have the Americans. Rather than bomb mainland China, which could escalate the territorial dispute into a world war, America bombs China’s military facilities in Cambodia and, while at the task, bombs Cambodia’s military facilities as well. After all, Cambodia is not merely China’s friend, it’s China’s military ally.

This is not a paper “war game.” America’s military has already considered this hypothetical, and has bombed its enemies on Cambodian soil once before. This time the objective would be to remove China’s military from Southeast Asia, and more broadly the Indo-Pacific, which includes the South China Sea. A collateral effect of bombing Cambodia could be changes in power which non-violent measures, like sanctions, could not effect. America would “kill two birds with one stone.”

Reality is also fraught with peril. The US is engaged in a cold war with China. China is militarizing the South China Sea. Cambodia supports China’s claims to the South China Sea. The US believes Cambodia will permit China to position troops on its territory. China provides Cambodia with nearly all of its military assistance and small arms. Cambodia has had little choice but to engage China because of the historical threat and domestically unpopular land grabs from Vietnam to its east. The Philippines’ admiralty would also like to drag the US into a fight with China. America views China as a threat to the post-World War II status quo in Asia in which the US has heretofore been pre-eminent.

And while the Cambodian government has many US-educated leaders who could be pro-US, America has not played this card to improve its relationship with Cambodia, apparently having embarked on a course of non-violent measures to punish Cambodia.

Cambodia has been unfairly subject to a punitive US foreign policy for a long time. However, America’s policy could become more interventionist in order to counter China’s possible militarization of Cambodia

Cambodia has been unfairly subject to a punitive US foreign policy for a long time. However, America’s policy could become more interventionist in order to counter China’s possible militarization of Cambodia.

The US should engage with Cambodia as an ally, do business with it, and try to influence its actions with respect to China. The carrot is better than a stick that has not worked.

The US Congress’ current policy seeks to sanction Cambodia’s leaders, to deny Cambodia access to loans from international financial institutions, to withdraw Cambodia’s trade preferences, and to elevate a defunct opposition party to the status of the legitimate government of Cambodia. President Donald Trump has appointed a new ambassador to Cambodia whose self-professed mission is to promote democracy and human rights and work with Congress to punish Cambodia. In this context, America is in effect not willing to work with the long-standing de jure government in Phnom Penh.

Unfortunately, the United States’ experience with China over the last 30 years since Deng Xiaoping’s gaige kaifang (the “Four Modernizations”) has been that  over time with economic development China has not become more open but more closed and militaristic. Cambodia is open and democratic and needs friendship from a democratic partner in the West.

America’s real objective in Cambodia is not a secret and has nothing to do with freeing Kem Sokha or reviving the Cambodia National Rescue Party; rather, it is to contain China to protect America’s legitimate national-security interests. Certainly, Cambodia also has its own national-security interests to protect vis-a-vis China.

It is in both America’s and Cambodia’s best interest to negotiate a deal to contain China.

As a gesture of goodwill, the US might consider forgiving Cambodia’s war debt, which totals around US$500 million, in the amount of $50 million for every year over the next 10 years. The cost to America’s national security should China gain a military foothold in Cambodia would be much greater than $500 million.

As for Cambodia, it must know that the US is a better strategic ally than China, one that does not have the same “hidden agenda.”

A new “Trump Doctrine” for Cambodia and other parts of Southeast Asia would enable the US president to apply “the art of the deal” to disrupting the current unsuccessful US policy in the region. The Trump Doctrine would extend the Monroe Doctrine to be “the doctrine of the world” and “upset the applecart” of the failed policies of the past. As with his bipartisan consensus trade policy toward China, the goal would be to end China’s aggression in the region permanently.Asia Times is not responsible for the opinions, facts or any media content presented by contributors. In case of abuse, click here to report.

Christopher Beres

CHRISTOPHER BERES

Christopher Beres is a lawyer who has represented Cambodia in international litigation. He holds a master’s degree in East Asian Studies from the University of Pennsylvania.

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nullការ​សាងសង់​អាកាស​យាន្ដដ្ឋាន​អន្តរជាតិ​មួយ​ដោយ​ក្រុមហ៊ុន​ចិន​ក្នុង​តំបន់​តារា​សាគរ​បង្កើត​ឱ្យ​មាន​ការ​ព្រួយ​បារម្ភ​

21 កញ្ញា 2019


រូបឯកសារ៖ ការដ្ឋាន​សាង​សង់​ព្រលាន​យន្ត​ហោះ​​ដែល​អភិវឌ្ឍ​ដោយ​ក្រុម​ហ៊ុន Union Development Group នៅ​បទុម​សាគរ ខេត្ត​កោះ​កុង កាល​ពី​ខែ​​ឧសភា ២០១៨។
រូបឯកសារ៖ ការដ្ឋាន​សាង​សង់​ព្រលាន​យន្ត​ហោះ​​ដែល​អភិវឌ្ឍ​ដោយ​ក្រុម​ហ៊ុន Union Development Group នៅ​បទុម​សាគរ ខេត្ត​កោះ​កុង កាល​ពី​ខែ​​ឧសភា ២០១៨។

គោលបំណង​របស់​ក្រុមហ៊ុន​នេះ គឺ​សាងសង់​ទីក្រុង​ដ៏​ធំថ្មី​មួយ​របស់​កម្ពុជា​នៅ​ទីនេះ ដោយ​មាន​ទីក្រុង​លំហែកាយ​ជាប់​ឆ្នេរ​សមុទ្រ សណ្ឋាគារ​ប្រណិតៗ និង​ផ្ទះ​វីឡា សួន​ឧស្សាហ៍កម្ម ស្ថានីយ​ថាមពល រោងចក្រ​ចម្រាញ់​ទឹក​ស្អាត និង​អាគារ​សុខាភិបាល​ជាដើម។ខេត្ត​កោះកុង — 

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ខ្ញុំជាទំពាំងក្នុងរដូវប្រឡងបាក់ឌុប

ខ្ញុំជាទំពាំង (អានក្នុង pdf)

១.     ខ្ញុំជាទំពាំងក្នុងសង្គមបើក          បាក់ឌុបកក្រើកប្រឡងយកជាប់

       ខ្ញុំនៅតែឆ្ងល់កូនខ្មែររៀបរាប់        នេះជាទំលាប់ឬជាយ៉ាងណា?             ។

២.     ១២ឆ្នាំខ្ញុំប្រឹងរៀនរហូត            តែជួនរបូត២ថ្ងៃសីហា

       តាមពិតខ្ញុំមិន(មែន)ជាកូនទេវតា(fixed mindset)    ខ្ញុំជាអ្នកស្នេហាសិក្សាខ្មីឃ្មាត(growth mindset)។

៣.    ប្រឡងពីរថ្ងៃដូចចាប់បង្ខំ           ហើយកុំបន្លំថាជាការស្រឡាញ់ជាតិ

       មិនគួរអួតអាងអោយធំហួសមាឌ            អង្គរកេរជាតិកើតដោយព្បាយាម     ។

៤.     អប់រំស្រុកខ្មែរត្រូវតែកែរទំរង់        ប្រឡងបាក់ឌុបគួរលប់ចេញភ្លាម

       ដើរទាន់ពិភពលោកកូនខ្មែរទារទាម   ទំពាំងមិនស្ងៀមចង់រីកធំជាក់ស្តែង           ។

សេង សុភ័ណ

មើលកូនបណ្តើរហ្វេសប៊ុកបណ្តើរ

ម៉ោង១០ព្រឹក ថ្ងៃទី១៧ ខែសីហា ឆ្នាំ២០១៩

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Hun Sen’s Cambodia could be in trouble

Hun Sen’s Cambodia could be in trouble

Jason Thomas 3 June 2019

His victory came after a political crackdown which saw the dissolution of the opposition Cambodian National Rescue Party (CNRP), the detention of its leader Kem Sokha, and the banning from political activity of 118 senior CNRP members.

Hun Sen has ruled Cambodia for more than 34 years, and the EU Foreign Affairs Council has deemed the recent 2018 elections as “not legitimate”.


This file photo shows Cambodian female workers sewing at a factory in Sihanouk province, some 230 kilometres southwest of Phnom Penh, Cambodia. (Tang Chhin Sothy / AFP Photo)

Op-Ed: The ASEAN Post

There is growing concern about the European Union’s (EU) proposed suspension of its Everything But Arms (EBA) trade agreement with Cambodia, a move which could set the country back years.

Established in 2001, EBA gives 49 of the world’s least developed countries tax-free access to vital EU markets for their exports except for arms and ammunition.

While the EU has always warned that EBA preferences can be removed if beneficiary countries fail to respect core United Nations (UN) and International Labour Organisation (ILO) conventions, there is a real threat that this could come at the cost of massive unemployment and stagnant growth in Cambodia.

Source: World Bank

Role in economy, employment

Making up 39 percent of the country’s total exports, the garment and footwear sectors employ more than 700,000 Cambodians and are the country’s largest employers. Cambodia’s exports to the EU totalled US$5.47 billion last year – more than a third of its total exports – with textiles and footwear making up the majority of that sum.

After the Garment Manufacturers Association in Cambodia warned of a halt in the country’s development in February due to the possible EBA suspension, the National Union Alliance Chamber of Cambodia (NUACC) last week said that the lifting of the tariff system will affect the livelihoods of about three million Cambodians.

On 2 May, a coalition of 20 international brands which source from Cambodia – including Nike, adidas and Levi Strauss – wrote a letter to Cambodia’s Prime Minister Hun Sen outlining their concerns that the labour and human rights situation in Cambodia is posing a risk to trade preferences for the country.

The EBA suspension would increase tariffs in the garment sector by 12 percent and the footwear sector by eight to 16 percent, costing US$676 million in additional taxes. The fear is that the rise in tariffs could lead to investors moving to other countries that enjoy EBA, thus affecting Cambodian jobs.

The NUACC estimated that some 43 percent of garment workers (nearly 225,000 people) and 20 percent of footwear workers (more than 20,000 people) would be left unemployed, stating that “research suggests and history demonstrates that economic sanctions lead to an increase in poverty – especially among women, minority communities and other marginalised groups.”

Why is the EBA being removed? 

The EBA has led to a 630 percent increase in Cambodia’s garment and footwear exports to the EU since 2008, helping the Cambodian economy to grow by 7.5 percent in 2018 according to the World Bank. The two sectors recorded a five-year high in 2018, rising by 17.6 percent – more than double the 8.3 percent increase in 2017.

Helping to lift one-third of the country’s population out of poverty between 2007 and 2014, the garment and footwear sectors are now at risk following the EU’s decision to start an 18-month review on whether to suspend duty-free preferences in February after the European Commission called Cambodia out for its “deterioration of democracy, respect for human rights and the rule of law.”

The EU warned Cambodia that it could lose this special status after last July’s elections kept Hun Sen in power and saw his Cambodian People’s Party win all parliamentary seats.

His victory came after a political crackdown which saw the dissolution of the opposition Cambodian National Rescue Party (CNRP), the detention of its leader Kem Sokha, and the banning from political activity of 118 senior CNRP members.

Hun Sen has ruled Cambodia for more than 34 years, and the EU Foreign Affairs Council has deemed the recent 2018 elections as “not legitimate”.

Correct approach?

Is the EBA suspension – which, if confirmed, will only come into effect in August 2020 – really the best way to address Cambodia’s poor human rights record and democratic strength?

Continue reading “Hun Sen’s Cambodia could be in trouble”
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