Translation of Truth and Protection of Coronavirus named COVID-19 infectious disease

Original source for your reference: CambodianInterpreter.Org

Coronaviruses (CoV) are a family of viruses that cause sicknesses like the common cold, as well as more severe diseases, such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. A novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain – one that hasn’t previously been recognized in humans.

Coronaviruses (CoV) គឺជាអំបូរនៃវីរុសដែលបង្ករឱ្យមានជំងឺដូចជាផ្តាសាយធម្មតាក៏ដូចជាជំងឺធ្ងន់ធ្ងរជាច្រើនទៀត ដូចគ្នានឹងរោគសញ្ញាផ្លូវដង្ហើមមជ្ឈិមបូព៌ានិងរោគសញ្ញាផ្លូវដង្ហើមធ្ងន់ធ្ងរ។ មេរោគប្រលោមលោកថ្មីគឺជាវីរុសថ្មីមួយដែលមិនត្រូវបានគេទទួលស្គាល់នៅក្នុងខ្លួនមនុស្សទេពីមុនមក។

Coronaviruses cause diseases in mammals and birds. A zoonotic virus is one that is transmitted between animals and people. When a virus circulating in animal populations infects people, this is termed a “spillover event”.

ជំងឺ Coronaviruses បង្កជំងឺក្នុងថនិកសត្វនិងបក្សី។ វីរុសហ្សូណូទិកគឺជាវីរុសមួយដែលឆ្លងរវាងសត្វនិងមនុស្ស។ នៅពេលវីរុសដែលរាលដាលនៅក្នុងហ្វូងសត្វ ហើយឆ្លងទៅមនុស្សនេះត្រូវបានគេហៅថា“ព្រឹត្តិការណ៍លេចធ្លាយ” ។

How does CoVID-19 affect the body? តើកូវិដ១៩ ប៉ះពាល់ដល់រាងកាយយ៉ាងដូចម្តេច?

Link to Youtube Channel

The virus is fitted with protein spikes sticking out of the envelope that forms the surface and houses a core of genetic material. Any virus that enters your body looks for cells with compatible receptors – ones that allow it to invade the cell. Once they find the right cell, they enter and use the cell’s replication machinery to create copies of themselves. It is likely that COVID-19 uses the same receptor as SARS – found in both lungs and small intestines.

វីរុសនេះត្រូវបានបំពាក់ដោយជាតិប្រូតេអ៊ីនដែលស្ថិតជាប់នឹងផ្នែកខាងក្រៅដែលបង្កើតជាផ្ទៃនិងជាស្នូលនៃសារធាតុហ្សែន។ វីរុសណាមួយដែលចូលក្នុងខ្លួនរបស់អ្នក វាស្វែងរកកោសិកាដែលមានឧបករណ៍ទទួលសញ្ញាដែលត្រូវគ្នា – ដែលអនុញ្ញាតឱ្យវាលុកលុយចូលក្នុងកោសិកាបាន។ នៅពេលដែលពួកគេរកឃើញកោសិកាត្រឹមត្រូវ ពួកគេចូលហើយប្រើគ្រឿងម៉ាស៊ីនចម្លងរបស់កោសិកាដើម្បីបង្កើតច្បាប់ចម្លងដោយខ្លួនឯង។ វាទំនងដូចជាកូវិដ-១៩ ប្រើឧបករណ៍ទទួលសញ្ញាដូចគ្នានឹងសារ – រកឃើញទាំងក្នុងសួតនិងពោះវៀនតូច។

Latest update by taiwannews

It is thought that CoVID-19 shares many similarities with SARS, which has three phases of attack: viral replication, hyper-reactivity of the immune system, and finally pulmonary destruction. Early on in infection, the coronavirus invades two types of cells in the lungs – mucus and cilia cells. Mucus keeps your lungs from drying out and protects them from pathogens. Cilia beat the mucus towards the exterior of your body, clearing debris – including viruses! – out of your lungs. Cilia cells were the preferred hosts of SARS-CoV, and are likely the preferred hosts of the new coronavirus. When these cells die, they slough off into your airways, filling them with debris and fluid. Symptoms include a fever, cough, and breathing difficulties. Many of those infected get pneumonia in both their lungs.

វាត្រូវបានគេគិតថាកូវិត១៩ ចែករំលែកភាពស្រដៀងគ្នាជាច្រើនជាមួយរោគសារដែលមានការវាយប្រហារបីដំណាក់កាលគឺ៖ ការបង្កើតច្បាប់ចម្លងវីរុស ប្រតិកម្មខ្ពស់ទៅលើប្រព័ន្ធភាពស៊ាំ និងទីបំផុតការបំផ្លាញសួត។ នៅពេលមានការឆ្លងមេរោគ វីរុសកូរ៉ូណាបានរាតត្បាតកោសិកាពីរប្រភេទនៅក្នុងសួត – កោសិកាជាតិរំអិលនិងកោសិការោមល្អិតឆ្មាឈ្មោះស៊ីលីយ៉ា។ កោសិកាជាតិរំអិលការពារសួតរបស់អ្នកពីការស្ងួតនិងការពារភ្នាក់ងារជំងឺ។ កោសិការោមល្អិតឆ្មាឬស៊ីលីយ៉ារុញច្រានជាតិទឹករំអិលឆ្ពោះទៅផ្នែកខាងក្រៅនៃរាងកាយរបស់អ្នកដើម្បីសំអាតកំទេចកំទី – រួមទាំងមេរោគចេញពីសួតរបស់អ្នក។ កោសិការរោមល្អិតឆ្មាគឺជាម្ចាស់ផ្ទះដែលមេរោគសារនិងកូវិដចូលចិត្តជាងគេ ហើយទំនងជាម្ចាស់ផ្ទះដែលចូលចិត្តទទួលយកវីរុសថ្មី។ នៅពេលកោសិកាទាំងនេះងាប់ពួកវានឹងរអិលចូលទៅក្នុងផ្លូវដង្ហើមរបស់អ្នកដោយបំពេញវាដោយកំទេចកំទីនិងសារធាតុរាវ។ រោគសញ្ញារួមមានគ្រុនក្តៅ ក្អក និងពិបាកដកដង្ហើម។ ភាគច្រើននៃអ្នកដែលឆ្លងជំងឺនេះមានជំងឺរលាកសួតទាំងពីររបស់ពួកគេ។

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CNRP Statement on Hun Sen dictatorship leadership has stagnated Cambodia democracy and economy

February 27, 2020

The Cambodian People do not allow Hun Sen to destroy the Cambodian economy.

After the abolition of Cambodia democracy, Hun Sen has been in the process of destroying the economy.  The destruction of both: the political democracy and the national economy in which these two factors are original interdependent, Hun Sen has a single reason is the desire to maintain his personal lifetime power.

Two grave mistakes Hun Sen has made are political democracy and national economy. The most serious political mistake in this case is the dissolution of Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) in 2017 aiming to preempt the CNRP from participating in the 2018 national election. The dissolution of the CNRP is a killing of democracy because without having a strong oposition party, democracy is totally dead. Everyone knows that without CNRP as opposition party, no other party is credible. Hun Sen’s ultimate decision to dissolve CNRP has triggered the international community especially the European Union reacted swiftly as EU has essential role and obligation to safeguard democracy and human rights in Cambodia. One of the EU’s urgent reactions is to suspend the trade preference named “everything but arm” (EBA) scheme in which has resulted in grave economic slow-down in Cambodia. Another mistake of Hun Sen is to associate with China and be fully dependent on China’s supports of economy development while EU and USA have sanctioned or have prepared more severe economy and trade sanctions over current Cambodia regime.


The latest is a similar case of the Pol Pot whose leadership was wholly depending on China to contain his grip on power, under the Khmer Rouge regime, in the 1970s.

For the economy mistake, Hun Sen has undertaken it since 25 years ago. This failure is caused by Hun Sen’s ignorance and uneducated mindset which has not based on skill, experience and vision to handle the national economy development.

Hun Sen has lacked self-education and does not understand the investment of providing education to the people for nation development, Hun Sen has spoiled the Cambodia education system with disorganized human resource management and low quality standard comparing to neighboring countries. Hun Sen has relied on garment factory economy solely which requires low techinical skill and workers receive low wage as well. More than this, Hun Sen has made garment industry exported to free world countries only such as Europe and USA by relying on monopolitic raw materials imported from China. Right now, both exporting destination countries and key source of raw materials have been facing uncertainty and shortfall impacted by the suspension of EBA and COVID-19 infection. The Coronavirus infection has troubled badly on China’s industry which has curtailed supply chain to Cambodia.

With above policy failure, Cambodia’s garment industry shall face severe crisis causing unemployment and livelihood of millions of Cambodian workers and their families.

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Let fight against the Coronavirus or COVID-19

CORONAVIRUS: WHAT WE KNOW SO FAR
Original source: CambodianInterpreter.Org Video Clip Original Link

What is this virus?

The virus has been identified as a new type of coronavirus. Coronaviruses are a large family of pathogens, most of which cause mild respiratory infections such as the common cold.

But coronaviruses can also be deadly. SARS, or severe acute respiratory syndrome, is caused by a coronavirus and killed hundreds of people in China and Hong Kong in the early 2000s.

Can it kill?

Yes. Over 2850 people have so far died after testing positive for the virus.

What are the symptoms?

Its symptoms are typically a fever, cough and trouble breathing, but some patients have developed pneumonia, a potentially life-threatening infection that causes inflammation of the small air sacs in the lungs. People carrying the novel coronavirus may only have mild symptoms, such as a sore throat. They may assume they have a common cold and not seek medical attention, experts fear.

How is it detected?

The virus’s genetic sequencing was released by scientists in China to the rest of the world to enable other countries to quickly diagnose potential new cases. This helps other countries respond quickly to disease outbreaks.

To contain the virus, airports are detecting infected people with temperature checks. But as with every virus, it has an incubation period, meaning detection is not always possible because symptoms have not appeared yet.

How did it start and spread?

The first cases identified were among people connected to the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market in Wuhan.

Cases have since been identified elsewhere which could have been spread through human-to-human transmission.

What are countries doing to prevent the spread?

Countries in Asia have stepped up airport surveillance. They include Japan, South Korea, Thailand, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Malaysia and Philippines.

Australia and the US are also screening patients for a high temperature, and the UK announced it will screen passengers returning from Wuhan.

Is it similar to anything we’ve ever seen before?

Experts have compared it to the 2003 outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). The epidemic started in southern China and killed more than 2850 people in mainland China, Iran, South Korea, Italy, Hong Kong and elsewhere.
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កូរ៉ូណាវីរុស៖ អ្វីដែលយើងត្រូវដឹង
តើមេរោគនេះជាអ្វី?

វីរុសនេះត្រូវបានគេកំណត់អត្តសញ្ញាណថាជាប្រភេទមេរោគឆ្លងថ្មី។ កូរ៉ូណាវីរុសគឺជាគ្រួសារវីរុសបង្កជំងឺដ៏ធំមួយដែលភាគច្រើនបណ្តាលឱ្យមានការឆ្លងមេរោគតាមផ្លូវដង្ហើមស្រាលៗ ដូចជាផ្តាសាយធម្មតា។

ប៉ុន្តែកូរ៉ូណាវីរុសឬវីរុសឆ្លងនេះក៏អាចមានគ្រោះថ្នាក់ផងដែរ។ ជំងឺ SARS ឬរោគសញ្ញាផ្លូវដង្ហើមធ្ងន់ធ្ងរបណ្តាលមកពីវីរុសឆ្លងនិងបានសម្លាប់មនុស្សរាប់រយនាក់នៅក្នុងប្រទេសចិននិងហុងកុងនៅដើមទសវត្សឆ្នាំ ២០០០ ។

តើវាអាចសំលាប់មនុស្សបានទេ?

ត្រូវហើយ។ មនុស្សជាង២៨៥០ នាក់បានស្លាប់បន្ទាប់ពីបានធ្វើតេស្តិ៍រកឃើញវីរុសនេះ។

តើរោគសញ្ញាអ្វីខ្លះ?

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Trade/Human Rights: Commission decides to partially withdraw Cambodia’s preferential access to the EU market

Original source: European Commission

The European Commission has decided to withdraw part of the tariff preferences granted to Cambodia under the European Union’s Everything But Arms’ (EBA) trade scheme due to the serious and systematic violations of the human rights principles enshrined in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

The withdrawal of tariff preferences – and their replacement with the EU’s standard tariffs (most favoured nation MFN) – will affect  selected garment and footwear products, and all travel goods and sugar. The withdrawal amounts to around one-fifth or €1 billion of Cambodia’s yearly exports to the EU. Unless the European Parliament and the Council object, this will take effect on 12 August 2020.

High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/Vice-President of the European Commission, Josep Borrell, said: “The duration, scale and impact of Cambodia’s violations of the rights to political participation and to the freedoms of expression and association left the European Union with no other choice than to partially withdraw trade preferences. The European Union will not stand and watch as democracy is eroded, human rights curtailed, and free debate silenced. Today’s decision reflects our strong commitment to the Cambodian people, their rights, and the country’s sustainable development. For the trade preferences to be reinstated, the Cambodian authorities need to take the necessary measures.”

Commissioner for Trade, Phil Hogan, said: “The European Union is committed to supporting Cambodia’s economic and social development through trade preferences. However, the respect for human rights is non-negotiable for us. We recognise the progress Cambodia has made, but serious concerns remain. Our aim is that the Cambodian authorities end human rights violations, and we will continue working with them in order to achieve that.”

The Commission’s decision addresses the human rights violations that triggered the procedure, while at the same time preserving the development objective of the EU trade scheme. It recognises the need to continue to support Cambodia’s economic development and diversification of its exports. All emerging industries in Cambodia will continue to enjoy duty-free, quota-free access to the EU market. High value-added garments and certain types of footwear will also continue to enjoy duty-free, quota-free access to the EU market.

The Commission’s decision follows in-depth engagement with the Cambodian government and stakeholders. In particular, during the last twelve months, the Commission and the European External Action Service conducted fact-finding missions to Cambodia and held several meetings with the Cambodian authorities at both technical and political levels.

With regard to civil and political rights, there has been no significant progress since the launch of the EBA withdrawal procedure in February 2019.

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