Cambodia’s Geopolitics at High Risk

Cambodia vs. Venezuala

Again, Cambodia is risking itself by the power-thirst leader to plunge this country into another chapter of chaos and uncertainty. After the jailing opposition leader Kem Sokha in September 2017, the dissolving largest political party Cambodia National Rescue Party in November 2017, and banned the 118 opposition politicians from politics; the government paved way for its own party to the election to sweep all 125 parliamentary seats. The election was a sham and no democratic countries has recognized this poll.

The situation today of Cambodia is not different from Venezuela’s. While dictator Nicolas Maduro banned opposition party from taking part in the election, Cambodian government through its extending hand ie. the supreme court dissolved the opposition party CNRP from the political space disrespectful to the nearly half of country’s population who have voted for this party.

Siding with China solely is not only violating Cambodia’s Constitution but poking America’s eyes

Cambodia’s slide toward autocracy, which culminated in the Cambodian People’s Party’s retention of power and complete dominance of the national legislature, opens the way for a constitutional amendment that could lead to a Chinese military presence in the country.

ការរអិលចូលទៅក្នុងរបបផ្តាច់ការរបស់កម្ពុជា ដែលរុញដល់កំពូលក្នុងការកាន់កាប់អំណាចរបស់គណបក្សប្រជាកម្ពុជានិងការគ្រប់គ្រងទាំងស្រុងនៃរដ្ឋសភាជាតិ បើកផ្លូវសម្រាប់ការធ្វើវិសោធនកម្មច្បាប់រដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញដែលអាចនាំទៅរកវត្តមានយោធាចិនក្នុងប្រទេស។

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The Human Rights Committee in Cambodia is the Protector of the Government not the People’s Rights

Keo Remy, the chair of Cambodia Human Rights Committee read his statement with a high praise and proud privileges for the government in which undermines itself from key objectives, code of conduct and professionalism. This is the anatomy of single-party state governance including the ACU, the Assembly, the Judiciary, and the Arm-force etc.

Cambodia Review – 32nd Session of Universal Periodic Review, 30 Jan 2019 –  UPR of Cambodia

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RESPONSE TO PETITION By Government Of Canada

Op-Ed: The CEROC

Credit: Facebook

PETITION RESPONSE

Prepare in English and French marking ‘Original Text’ or ‘Translation’

PETITION NO.: 421-03054

BY: MR. MCKINNON (COQUITLAM-PORT COQUITLAM)

DATE: DECEMBER 7, 2018

PRINT NAME OF SIGNATORY: SIGNED BY THE HONOURABLE CHRYSTIA FREELAND

Response by the Minister of Foreign Affairs

SIGNATURE Minister or Parliamentary Secretary

SUBJECT: CAMBODIA

ORIGINAL TEXT

REPLY

ឆ្លើយតបនឹងញត្តិ

រៀបចំឯកសារជាភាសាអង់គ្លេសនិងបារាំងកំណត់សញ្ញាជា ឯកសារដើម ឬ បកប្រែ

ញត្តិលេខ៖ ៤២១-០៣០៥៤

ដោយ៖ លោកម៉ិកគិនណុន មណ្ឌលខោកគ្វីតឡាំ-ផតខោកគ្វីតឡាំ

ថ្ងៃខែឆ្នាំ៖ ៧ ធ្នូរ ២០១៨

ឈ្មោះជាអក្សរធំនៃហត្ថលេខា៖ ចុះហត្ថលេខាដោយអ្នកស្រីគ្រីស្ទា ហ្វ្រីឡែន

ឆ្លើយតបដោយរដ្ឋមន្ត្រីក្រសួងការបរទេស

ចុះហត្ថលេខា៖ រដ្ឋមន្ត្រីឬលេខាធិការរដ្ឋសភា

ប្រធានរឿង៖ ប្រទេសកម្ពុជា

ឯកសារដើម

ការឆ្លើយតប៖

The promotion and protection of human rights, democracy and the rule of law have been integral parts of Canada’s bilateral relations with Cambodia.

Canada is deeply concerned by the anti-democratic actions taken by the Government of Cambodia. The November 2017 dissolution of the Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) by the Supreme Court and the arrest of its leader are deliberate attempts to limit alternate political views, and the targeting of media and NGOs are signs of the government’s growing disregard for the democratic process.

In response to these troubling developments, Global Affairs Canada released a statement on July 29, 2018, the day of the general elections, calling for the release of CNRP leader Kem Sokha. Canada expressed its deep concerns about these undemocratic elections, noting that the election campaign was widely recognized to have been marred by voter intimidation and manipulation of the polls.

On September 9, 2018, Kem Sokha was released on bail from prison after a year of detention, under conditions tantamount to house arrest with highly restricted communications privileges. Page 2 of 2 Following the latter development, the Government of Canada issued a tweet on September 10, 2018, acknowledging Mr. Kem Sokha’s release from prison but calling for the baseless and arbitrary charges against him to be dropped. The Government of Canada further urged the Government of Cambodia to reinstate the CNRP and to hold free and fair elections.

Canada will continue to raise these issues with Cambodia at all levels, and advocate for the acquittal of Kem Sokha, and for the ban on 118 senior members of the CNRP to be lifted.

Our government remains committed to promoting international justice and respect for human rights, and to combatting corruption, including in Cambodia.

Online Petition with the Signed Response

ការលើកកំពស់និងការការពារនូវសិទ្ធិមនុស្ស លទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ និងនីតិរដ្ឋគឺជាផ្នែកសមាហរណកម្មសំខាន់ក្នុងទំនាក់ទំនងទ្វេរភាគីរវាងកាណាដានិងកម្ពុជា។

កាណាដាមានក្តីកង្វល់យ៉ាងខ្លាំងនូវទង្វើប្រឆាំងលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យដែលប្រព្រឹត្តឡើងដោយរដ្ឋាភិបាលកម្ពុជា។ ការរំលាយគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិកាលពីខែវិច្ឆិការ ឆ្នាំ២០១៧ ដោយតុលាការកំពូលនិងការចាប់មេដឹកនាំរបស់ពួកគេ គឺជាការប៉ុនប៉ងបែបគិតទុកជាមុនក្នុងការកំហិតទស្សនៈនយោបាយផ្ទុយគ្នា ការយកសារព៍តមាននិងអង្គការមិនមែនរដ្ឋាភិបាលជាមុខព្រួញគឺជាសញ្ញាបញ្ជាក់ថារដ្ឋាភិបាលមិនទទួលស្គាល់កាន់តែខ្លាំងឡើងនូវនីតិវិធីដំណើរការលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ។

Continue reading “RESPONSE TO PETITION By Government Of Canada”
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Cambodia Ruler’s Recipe for Youth Appeal? An 8,900-Pound Rice Cake

An 8,900-pound sticky-rice cake being paraded in Siem Reap, Cambodia, in 2015. The country’s streak of oddball achievements are part of Prime Minister Hun Sen’s push to get young people excited about his aging regime. Credit Lina Goldberg

By Julia Wallace

Op-Ed: The New York Time

សេចក្តីវង្វេងក្នុងអំណាចនឹងការបោកប្រាស់ប្រជារាស្ត្រតាមរយៈការសម្ញែងនិងអូសទាញយុវជនអោយជ្រុលជ្រើមវត្ថុទាំងនេះដូចជាអន្សមយក្ស ក្រម៉ាយក្ស និងទូកយក្សជាដើម មិនមាននិរន្តរភាពយូរអង្វែងទេ។ កូនៗទាំងអស់ ដែលបានសិក្សារៀនសូត្រពីបច្ចឹមប្រទេស មិនបានយកចំណេះដឹងនិងក្រមសីលធម៍ពីបច្ចឹមប្រទេសមកកែទម្រង់ប្រទេសជាតិខ្លួនឡើយ។ ផ្ទុយទៅវិញម្នាក់ៗគ្មានក្រមសីលធម៍និងគ្មានវិជ្ជាជីវៈក្នុងខ្លួនសោះឡើយ។ កូនមួយជាមេទ័ពរបស់ជាតិ បែរជារំលោភលើក្រិតក្រមទ័ពមកបម្រើនយោបាយបក្សនិងធ្វើខ្លួនឯងជាសេនាធិការនយោបាយ។ កូនម្នាក់ទៀត លើកបន្តុបជាមេសមាគមយុវជន ដែលមិនមានក្រមវិន័យច្បាស់លាស់ថាជាសមាគមក្រៅរដ្ឋាភិបាល(NGO)ឬជាសមាគមអោយគណបក្សពីព្រោះខ្លួនគឺជាតំណាងរាស្ត្រម្នាក់របស់គណបក្ស តែធ្វើខ្លួនជាប្រធានសមាគមក្រៅរដ្ឋាភិបាល។ ដូចដែលពត៍មាននេះបានលំអិត គឺខ្លួនខិតខំសាបព្រោះមនោគមវិជ្ជាលើយុវជនច្រើនជាងបង្កើតគ្រឹះដល់យុវជនសំរាប់ជាធនធានមនុស្សរបស់ជាតិទៅអនាគត។ មិនតែប៉ុណ្ណោះ កូនចៅនិងសាច់ញាតិទាំងអស់គឺជាមេជំនួញនិងប្រធានអង្គការធំៗមានកាកបាទក្រហមជាដើម ដែលប្រការនេះគឺមានទំនាស់ផលប្រយោជន៌(conflict of interest) រំលោភអំណាច(power abuses) និងវិជ្ជាជីវៈជាតិ(national professionalism) ក៏ដូចជាសាបព្រោះគំរូស្មោគគ្រោកដល់ប្រទេសនេះជាខ្លាំង។

PHNOM PENH, Cambodia — First came the 8,900-pound sticky-rice cake, stuffed with mung beans and pork belly, displayed at Angkor Wat and heralded as “officially amazing” by Guinness World Records.

Then, in rapid succession, came a series of record-setting feats: The largest-ever performance of Madison dancing, with 2,015 participants. The world’s longest scarf (3,772 feet), woven over the course of six months and paraded through the streets of Phnom Penh, the Cambodian capital.

And in November, the world’s longest dragon boat (286 feet) was launched into the Mekong River and rowed by 179 oarsmen.

While this streak of oddball achievements might seem unconnected, they are all part of Prime Minister Hun Sen’s push to get young people excited about his aging regime, which he appears to consider essential to maintaining his grip on power.

“The government’s intentions here are rather transparent: They want to create images of visible enthusiasm for the nation and its leadership,” said Katrin Travouillon, a scholar of Cambodian politics at Australian National University.

The initial salvo in this campaign was the rice-and-pork colossus, unveiled at Angkor Wat in 2015, and touted as a modern-day marvel by the authoritarian Mr. Hun Sen, now 66, and his son Hun Many, 36, who hatched the idea as a showcase project for his new pro-government youth group.

Crowds cheered as a representative from Guinness World Records certified that the rice cake would take its place in the record book alongside Angkor Wat, the world’s largest religious structure and a source of enduring national pride.

“I am proud to be a child of Cambodia, and today we have achieved a giant sticky-rice cake, and the world will acknowledge that from now on,” Mr. Hun Many said in a triumphant speech at the event.

Hun Many, the youngest son of Cambodia’s prime minister, Hun Sen, with members of the youth corps he heads during an election campaign in Phnom Penh in July.CreditHeng Sinith/Associated Press

Two-thirds of Cambodia’s population is under 30, with no memory of the Khmer Rouge’s bloody rule in the 1970s, or the long years of civil war that followed. Many are weary of their country’s international reputation for genocide and political dysfunction.

So the country’s youth are less susceptible to Mr. Hun Sen’s traditional message that his party’s leaders are national heroes, deserving perpetual legitimacy because of the role they played helping to oust the Khmer Rouge from power in 1979.

The point was driven home to Mr. Hun Sen in emphatic fashion in 2013, after a near loss to an insurgent political party in an election that year. He has spent the past half-decade ramping up his efforts to appeal to the nation’s youth.

“The C.P.P. has to have recognized by now that a national identity forged on victimhood and gratitude is difficult to reconcile with the ideas and aspirations of the younger generation,” said Ms. Travouillon, referring to the ruling Cambodian People’s Party.

The new narrative emphasizes self-sufficiency and national pride, with Mr. Hun Sen publicly thumbing his nose at the Western donors who have poured billions of dollars of aid into the country.

A critical plank of this project has been a revival of the country’s youth corps, headed by Mr. Hun Sen’s youngest and most affable son, Mr. Hun Many. Officially, it is nonpartisan; in practice, its activities support the ruling party.

At a gathering of the youth corps in November, Mr. Hun Many urged participants to continue garnering world records.

Continue reading “Cambodia Ruler’s Recipe for Youth Appeal? An 8,900-Pound Rice Cake”
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Hun Sen takes China to neutralize EBA but 40 private sectors in Cambodia pleas

In his facebook page, Hun Sen has appeared fragile walking and standing to greet China’s private sectors and official top leaders in Peking during his 4 days urgent visit (January 20-24, 2019) after EU announced to tax Cambodia rice export in 3 years beginning this January 2019 in which Cambodia enjoyed its free tax previous years. Cambodia could loss 40 millions dollar per year from this taxing. While Hun Sen is departing for China, the regular Cabinet meetings was cancelled with order to send only security documents to his office while Phnom Penh city was seen by tanks, military armours, and his personal body guard unit mobilizing in an excuse to prepare a drill. Spectators convinced that by ranking and bureaucratic regulation, whenever Hun Sen is absent, the next person is Sar Kheng who is able to conduct regular business of the governance but the Cabinet’s order is totally opposite.

Frequent updating in his personal facebook page with “likes” hike up over 10 millions is to describe his successes in 600 millions loan and buying rice 40,000 tones, Chinese FDI investments, and increasing importing products from Cambodia etc., while the mainstream China’s news, contradictory, confirming the Xi’s intention to strengthening Cambodia’s consent to broaden Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and shared future strategic partnership. Note that Cambodia delegates have failed to inspire China to import rice from Cambodia as China has already promised to import Thailand’s trillion tones of rice to feed its people.

In Cambodia, 40 private sectors wrote letter to EU to express their concerns on the economic crisis if EU withdraws EBA from Cambodia. And the ASIA-EU Ministerial Meeting delegated by Cambodia foreign minister Prak Sokhonn met negative responses from both Didier Reynders and Cecilia Malstrom by emphasizing restoring back democracy, rule of law, and human rights respect in Cambodia if EBA’s withdrawal scheme should be halted.

“[I was] in a bilateral interview [conversation] with my Cambodian counterpart in which I stressed the importance of restoring the rule of law and democracy in the country, which would deepen relations with the European Union,” 
Belgian counterpart Didier Reynders wrote.
“We discussed the EBA agreement and the possibility of a withdrawal of the tariff preferences. [We] reiterated our concerns on democracy, human rights and [the] rule of law. The EU continues to keep the path of dialogue open,”
EU Commissioner for Trade Cecilia Malmstrom wrote.

Cambodia Faces Next Trade-Sanctions Move by the European Union

Op-Ed: Bloomberg

By Jonathan Stearns January 22, 2019, 8:59 AM PST Updated on January 22, 2019, 3:00 PM PST

  •  EU Commission seeks support from national capitals by Jan. 29
  •  Any decision to suspend tariff benefits still a year away

The European Union moved closer to imposing trade sanctions against Cambodia as a result of alleged human-rights violations in the country.

The European Commission in Brussels has asked EU national governments to give the green light by Jan. 29 for suspending a policy that lets Cambodia export all goods except weapons duty-free and quota-free to the bloc, according to two officials familiar with the matter. They spoke on the condition of anonymity because the deliberations are private.

Any go-ahead from EU national capitals would still leave a decision by the commission, the bloc’s executive arm, 12 months away. At stake is Cambodia’s place in the EU’s “Everything But Arms” initiative, the most generous part of the bloc’s Generalized Scheme of Preferences for poor countries around the world.

The EU’s Tariff Threats Against Asia’s Autocrats Risk Backfiring

The EU is trying to prod changes in the political behavior of strongman Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen while being wary of damaging the country’s economy, where a $5 billion garment industry employs 750,000 people and is the biggest exporter.

Hun Sen, who extended his 33-year rule last July when his party won a boycotted election, has so far struck a defiant tone with the European side.

The latest internal EU preparations to withdraw commercial benefits for Cambodia follow a Jan. 21 meeting between European Trade Commissioner Cecilia Malmstrom and Cambodian Foreign Minister Prak Sokhonn. The Everything But Arms — or EBA — accord featured in the talks.

“We discussed the EBA agreement and the possibility of a withdrawal of the tariff preferences,” Malmstrom said in a Twitter post after the meeting in the Belgian capital. “Reiterated our concerns on democracy, human rights and rule of law. The EU continues to keep the path of dialog open.”

The EU debate over revoking general trade benefits for Cambodia is separate from a decision by the bloc last week to impose tariffs on Cambodian rice for three years as a result of a surge in imports deemed to have hurt European rice producers.

— With assistance by Nikos Chrysoloras

Greater Sino-Cambodian effort sought for Belt, Road

Op-Ed: China Daily

By AN BAIJIE | China Daily | Updated: 2019-01-22 01:28

President Xi Jinping meets with Cambodian Prime Minister Samdech Techo Hun Sen at the  Diaoyutai State Guesthouse in Beijing on Monday. Xi said bilateral relations have developed at a high level. PANG XINGLEI / XINHUA

China and Cambodia should speed up connecting the Belt and Road Initiative with Cambodia’s development strategy, President Xi Jinping said on Monday.

Continue reading “Hun Sen takes China to neutralize EBA but 40 private sectors in Cambodia pleas”
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