Hun Sen illegitimacy
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Op-Ed: Sam Rainsy Facebook Page
១២ កុម្ភៈ ២០១៩ / 12 February 2019 – Cambodia’s Exiled Opposition Vows Return to Create Democratic Change (*)
សារព័ត៌មានអន្តរជាតិ The Geopolitics (ភូមិសាស្ត្រនយោបាយ) ទើបតែចុះផ្សាយអត្ថបទមួយរបស់លោក សម រង្សុី មានចំណងជើង “ថ្នាក់ដឹកនាំគណបក្សប្រឆាំងកំពុងនិរទេស ប្តេជ្ញាវិលត្រឡប់មកកម្ពុជាវិញ ដើម្បីជម្រុញឲ្យមានការផ្លាស់ប្តូរ តាមបែបបទប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ”។
១- ល្បែងនយោបាយរបស់ ហ៊ុន សែន និងរបបគាត់ ជិតដល់ទីបញ្ចប់របស់វាហើយ ដោយសារតែប្រជារាស្ត្រខ្មែរ ចង់សម្រេចវាសនារបស់ខ្លួនដោយខ្លួនឯង។
២- ជ័យជំនះគណបក្សប្រជាជនកម្ពុជា ក្នុងការបោះឆ្នោតខែកក្កដា ២០១៨ គឺជាជ័យជំនះក្លែងក្លាយ ក្នុងការបោះឆ្នោតក្លែងក្លាយ ពីព្រោះមិនមានវត្តមានគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិ។
៣- ហ៊ុន សែន បានចោទប្រកាន់យ៉ាងងងើលប្រធានគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិ លោក កឹម សុខា ពីបទក្បត់ជាតិ ហើយបានយកការចោទប្រកាន់នេះ ធ្វើជាលេសដើម្បី រំលាយគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិ។ តែមតិជាតិ និងអន្តរជាតិ មិនជឿ ហ៊ុន សែន ទេ ហើយយើងដឹងថា តាមផ្លូវច្បាប់ ហ៊ុន សែន ត្រូវតែដោះលែង កឹម សុខា នៅដើមខែមីនានេះ ពីព្រោះគាត់មិនអាចរកភស្តុតាងត្រឹមត្រូវណាមួយ ដើម្បីកាត់ទោស កឹម សុខា បានឡើយ។
៤- ហ៊ុន សែន គួរណាស់យកការគំរាមដាក់ទណ្ឌកម្មពីសហភាពអឺរ៉ុប ធ្វើជាមូលដ្ឋានដើម្បីធ្វើការកែទម្រង់តាមបែបបទប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ តែគាត់បែរមកគំរាមកម្ចាត់គណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិទៅវិញ បើសហភាពអឺរ៉ុបអនុវត្តទណ្ឌកម្មនោះមែន។ នេះបង្ហាញថា ហ៊ុន សែន ជាជនផ្តាច់ការដ៏ព្រៃផ្សៃ។
៥- ហ៊ុន សែន ចាប់ប្រជារាស្ត្រខ្មែរ ធ្វើជាចំណាប់ខ្មាំង ដើម្បីគំរាមសហគមន៍អន្តរជាតិ កុំឲ្យដាក់ទណ្ឌកម្មលើរបបគាត់ ដោយសារតែអំពើពុករលួយ និងការរំលោភសិទ្ធិមនុស្ស ក្រោមរបបគាត់។ គាត់មិនញញើត បង្ខំប្រជារាស្ត្រ ឲ្យទទួលទណ្ឌកម្មជំនួសគាត់ និងដោយសារគាត់។ នេះបង្ហាញថា ហ៊ុន សែន ជាមនុស្សកំសាក ដែលមិនហ៊ានទទួលខុសត្រូវខ្លួនឯង។
៦- ហ៊ុន សែន ចង់នៅក្រាញអំណាចជារៀងរហូត ទោះបីប្រជារាស្ត្រខ្មែរវេទនាយ៉ាងណាក៏ដោយ ហើយប្រទេសជាតិហិនហោចយ៉ាងណាក៏ដោយ។ ហ៊ុន សែន ចង់រក្សាអំណាច ដើម្បីរក្សានិទណ្ឌភាព (ការរួចទោស) សម្រាប់គាត់ ពីព្រោះពេលណាគាត់បាត់អំណាច គាត់នឹងប្រឈមការកាត់ទោស ចំពោះមុខតុលាការឯករាជ្យណាមួយ ពីបទឧក្រិដ្ឋជាច្រើន ដែលគាត់បានប្រព្រឹត្តរយៈពេលជាង ៣០ ឆ្នាំកន្លងមក។
៧- តាមការដាក់ចំណាត់ថ្នាក់ របស់អង្គការតម្លាភាពអន្តរជាតិ (Transparency International) ប្រទេសកម្ពុជា ក្រោមរបប ហ៊ុន សែន បានធ្លាក់ទៅក្នុងចំណោមប្រទេសដែលពុករលួយជាងគេក្នុងពិភពលោក និងក្នុងចំណោម ប្រទេសដែលរងការបំផ្លាញធ្ងន់ធ្ងរជាងគេ ដោយសារតែអំពើពុករលួយនេះ។
៨- យើងមិនអាចអត់ទ្រាំនៅស្ងៀមបានទេ ចំពោះមុខស្ថានការណ៍បែបនេះ។ ថ្នាក់ដឹកនាំគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិ ដែលកំពុងនិរទេសសព្វថ្ងៃ មានទាំងរូបខ្ញុំ (សម រង្ស៊ី) ផងដែរ បានសម្រេចចិត្តថានឹងវិលត្រឡប់ មកប្រទេសកម្ពុជាវិញ ក្នុងឆ្នាំ ២០១៩ នេះ។ យើងអំពាវនាវដល់សហគមន៍អន្តរជាតិ ឲ្យបន្តដាក់សម្ពាធលើរបប ហ៊ុន សែន។ ទោះបីមាតុភូមិនិវត្តន៍របស់យើង ប្រកបដោយហានិភ័យសម្រាប់រូបយើងយ៉ាងណាក៏ដោយ ក៏យើងត្រូវតែជួយប្រជារាស្ត្រខ្មែរ ឲ្យសម្រេចបាននូវគោលបំណងរបស់លោក ក្នុងនោះមានការដោះលែងលោក កឹម សុខា និងការបើកផ្លូវឲ្យគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិដំណើរការឡើងវិញ។ ជាចុងក្រោយ ត្រូវតែមានការបោះឆ្នោតឡើងវិញឲ្យបានពិតប្រាកដ និងត្រឹមត្រូវ ដើម្បីឲ្យប្រជារាស្ត្រខ្មែរ អាចជ្រើសរើសមេដឹកនាំដែលលោកចង់បានពិតប្រាកដ។
៩- របបផ្តាច់ការ ហ៊ុន សែន សព្វថ្ងៃ រំលោភទាំងរដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញនៃប្រទេសកម្ពុជា ទាំងកិច្ចព្រមព្រៀងទីក្រុងប៉ារីស ឆ្នាំ ១៩៩១។ របប ហ៊ុន សែន នេះ មិនមែនគ្រាន់តែជាគ្រោះថ្នាក់សម្រាប់ប្រទេសកម្ពុជាតែឯងទេ តែជាគ្រោះថ្នាក់សម្រាប់ពិភពលោកទាំងមូល។
១០- សហគមន៍អន្តរជាតិ ត្រូវតែរក្សាជំហរម៉ឺងម៉ាត់ ក្នុងការដាក់ទណ្ឌកម្មលើរបប ហ៊ុន សែន ហើយត្រូវតែប្រើឥទ្ធិពលរបស់ខ្លួនយ៉ាងពេញទំហឹង ដើម្បីជួយការពារសុវត្ថិភាពថ្នាក់ដឹកនាំគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិ ពេលធ្វើមាតុភូមិនិវត្តន៍។ អ្នកប្រជាធិបតេយ្យក្នុងពិភពលោកទាំងអស់ ត្រូវតែរួមកម្លាំងគ្នា ដើម្បីជួយសង្គ្រោះប្រជារាស្ត្រខ្មែរ ដែលរងទុក្ខវេទនា ក្រោមរបប ហ៊ុន សែន ច្រើនទសវត្សរ៍មកហើយ។
(*) The Geopolitics – February 11, 2019
CAMBODIA’S EXILED OPPOSITION VOWS RETURN TO CREATE DEMOCRATIC CHANGE
By Sam Rainsy
The end game is approaching for Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen. The former Khmer Rouge commander who has held power since 1985 has returned Cambodia to a single-party dictatorship by banning the peaceful opposition, the Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP). This is the only party that has enough support to challenge the ruling Cambodia People’s Party (CPP).
The desire of the Cambodian people to determine their own future, and their knowledge that it is their inalienable right to do so, mean that the game is nearly up.
The attempt to repress the CNRP, which resulted in the CPP winning 100% of the seats in the national assembly in a bogus election held in July 2018, rests on a foundation of sand. This is made clear by Hun Sen’s inability to solve the problem he has created for himself concerning the leader of the CNRP, Kem Sokha. It was the arrest of Kem Sokha under the ludicrous charge of treason that served as the pretext to dissolve the CNRP. But Hun Sen cannot legally keep Kem Sokha under house arrest beyond this March. Neither can he organize any credible trial for lack of evidence.
Cambodian prime minister Hun Sen cemented his grip on power with lopsided general elections that came after authorities dissolved the main opposition party and shuttered independent media outlets. The military and police openly campaigned for the ruling party, which won all the seats in the legislature.
KEY DEVELOPMENTS IN 2018:
- The CPP won every seat in the lower house, the National Assembly, in July elections. The polls were held amid a period of repression that began in earnest in 2017, and saw the banning of the main opposition party, opposition leaders jailed or forced into exile, and remaining major independent media outlets reined in or closed. The CPP also dominated elections for the upper house, or Senate, held in February, taking every elected seat.
- The Phnom Penh Post, regarded by many observers as the last remaining independent media outlet in Cambodia, was taken over by a Malaysian businessman with links to Hun Sen.
- A Cambodian court sentenced an Australian filmmaker to six years in jail on charges of espionage. He had been arrested after denouncing rights abuses and filming political rallies.
- In November, the UN-assisted court known as the Khmer Rouge Tribunal found Nuon Chea and Khieu Samphan, two surviving leaders of the Khmer Rouge, guilty of genocide and crimes against humanity. The verdict for the first time legally defined the Khmer Rouge’s crimes as genocide.
Cambodia’s political system has been dominated by Prime Minister Hun Sen and his Cambodian People’s Party (CPP) for more than three decades. The country has conducted semicompetitive elections in the past, but the 2018 polls were held in a severely repressive environment that offered voters no meaningful choice. The main opposition party was banned, opposition leaders were in jail or exiled, and independent media and civil society outlets were curtailed. The CPP won every seat in the lower house for the first time since the end of the Cambodian Civil War, as well as every elected seat in the upper house in indirect elections held earlier in the year. Political Rights and Civil Liberties:
POLITICAL RIGHTS: 6 / 40 (–4)
A. ELECTORAL PROCESS: 1 / 12 (–3)
A1. Was the current head of government or other chief national authority elected through free and fair elections? 0 / 4 (–1)
King Norodom Sihamoni is chief of state, but has little political power. The prime minister is head of government, and is appointed by the monarch from among the majority coalition or party in parliament following legislative elections. Hun Sen first became prime minister in 1985. He was nominated most recently after 2018 National Assembly polls, which offered voters no meaningful choice. Most international observation groups were not present due to the highly restrictive nature of the contest.
Score Change: The score declined from 1 to 0 because the incumbent prime minister was unanimously confirmed for another term after parliamentary elections that offered voters no meaningful choice.
A2. Were the current national legislative representatives elected through free and fair elections? 0 / 4 (–1)
The bicameral parliament consists of the 62-seat Senate and the 125-seat National Assembly. Members of parliament and local councilors indirectly elect 58 senators, and the king and National Assembly each appoint 2. Senators serve six-year terms, while National Assembly members are directly elected to five-year terms.
In 2018, the CPP won every seat in both chambers in elections that were considered neither free nor fair by established international observers, which declined to monitor them. In the months before the polls, the Supreme Court had banned the main opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) and jailed many of its members, and closed media outlets and intimidated journalists to the extent that there was almost no independent reporting on the campaign or the polls. Several small, obscure new “opposition parties” ran candidates in the lower house elections, though many of the parties were widely believed to have been manufactured to suggest multiparty competition. Following calls for an election boycott by former CNRP leaders, Hun Sen repeatedly warned that people who did not vote in the election could be punished. The election was condemned by many democracies. The United States responded by imposing targeted sanctions on Cambodian leaders, while the EU threatened to roll back a preferential trade agreement.
Score Change: The score declined from 1 to 0 because the parliamentary elections took place in a highly repressive environment that offered voters no meaningful choice, and produced a one-party legislature.
A3. Are the electoral laws and framework fair, and are they implemented impartially by the relevant election management bodies? 1 / 4 (–1)
In 2015, Cambodia passed two new election laws that permit security forces to take part in campaigns, punish parties that boycott parliament, and mandate a shorter campaign period of 21 days. The laws have been broadly enforced.
Voting is tied to a citizen’s permanent resident status in a village, township, or urban district, and this status cannot be changed easily. In 2017, an amendment to the electoral law banned political parties from association with anyone convicted of a criminal offense.
The National Election Committee (NEC) was reformed in 2013, but the CPP has since asserted complete control over its nine seats. Criminal charges were brought against the body’s one independent member in 2016, who was then jailed and removed from the body. The four NEC members affiliated with the CNRP resigned following the party’s 2017 dissolution. In 2018, the NEC sought to aid the CPP’s campaign by threatening to prosecute any figures that urged an election boycott, and informing voters via text message that criticism of the CPP was prohibited.
Cambodia vs. Venezuala
Again, Cambodia is risking itself by the power-thirst leader to plunge this country into another chapter of chaos and uncertainty. After the jailing opposition leader Kem Sokha in September 2017, the dissolving largest political party Cambodia National Rescue Party in November 2017, and banned the 118 opposition politicians from politics; the government paved way for its own party to the election to sweep all 125 parliamentary seats. The election was a sham and no democratic countries has recognized this poll.
The situation today of Cambodia is not different from Venezuela’s. While dictator Nicolas Maduro banned opposition party from taking part in the election, Cambodian government through its extending hand ie. the supreme court dissolved the opposition party CNRP from the political space disrespectful to the nearly half of country’s population who have voted for this party.
Siding with China solely is not only violating Cambodia’s Constitution but poking America’s eyes
Cambodia’s slide toward autocracy, which culminated in the Cambodian People’s Party’s retention of power and complete dominance of the national legislature, opens the way for a constitutional amendment that could lead to a Chinese military presence in the country.ការរអិលចូលទៅក្នុងរបបផ្តាច់ការរបស់កម្ពុជា ដែលរុញដល់កំពូលក្នុងការកាន់កាប់អំណាចរបស់គណបក្សប្រជាកម្ពុជានិងការគ្រប់គ្រងទាំងស្រុងនៃរដ្ឋសភាជាតិ បើកផ្លូវសម្រាប់ការធ្វើវិសោធនកម្មច្បាប់រដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញដែលអាចនាំទៅរកវត្តមានយោធាចិនក្នុងប្រទេស។
The Human Rights Committee in Cambodia is the Protector of the Government not the People’s Rights
Keo Remy, the chair of Cambodia Human Rights Committee read his statement with a high praise and proud privileges for the government in which undermines itself from key objectives, code of conduct and professionalism. This is the anatomy of single-party state governance including the ACU, the Assembly, the Judiciary, and the Arm-force etc.
Cambodia Review – 32nd Session of Universal Periodic Review, 30 Jan 2019 – UPR of Cambodia
In his facebook page, Hun Sen has appeared fragile walking and standing to greet China’s private sectors and official top leaders in Peking during his 4 days urgent visit (January 20-24, 2019) after EU announced to tax Cambodia rice export in 3 years beginning this January 2019 in which Cambodia enjoyed its free tax previous years. Cambodia could loss 40 millions dollar per year from this taxing. While Hun Sen is departing for China, the regular Cabinet meetings was cancelled with order to send only security documents to his office while Phnom Penh city was seen by tanks, military armours, and his personal body guard unit mobilizing in an excuse to prepare a drill. Spectators convinced that by ranking and bureaucratic regulation, whenever Hun Sen is absent, the next person is Sar Kheng who is able to conduct regular business of the governance but the Cabinet’s order is totally opposite.
Frequent updating in his personal facebook page with “likes” hike up over 10 millions is to describe his successes in 600 millions loan and buying rice 40,000 tones, Chinese FDI investments, and increasing importing products from Cambodia etc., while the mainstream China’s news, contradictory, confirming the Xi’s intention to strengthening Cambodia’s consent to broaden Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and shared future strategic partnership. Note that Cambodia delegates have failed to inspire China to import rice from Cambodia as China has already promised to import Thailand’s trillion tones of rice to feed its people.
In Cambodia, 40 private sectors wrote letter to EU to express their concerns on the economic crisis if EU withdraws EBA from Cambodia. And the ASIA-EU Ministerial Meeting delegated by Cambodia foreign minister Prak Sokhonn met negative responses from both Didier Reynders and Cecilia Malstrom by emphasizing restoring back democracy, rule of law, and human rights respect in Cambodia if EBA’s withdrawal scheme should be halted.
Cambodia Faces Next Trade-Sanctions Move by the European Union
By Jonathan Stearns January 22, 2019, 8:59 AM PST Updated on January 22, 2019, 3:00 PM PST
- EU Commission seeks support from national capitals by Jan. 29
- Any decision to suspend tariff benefits still a year away
The European Union moved closer to imposing trade sanctions against Cambodia as a result of alleged human-rights violations in the country.
The European Commission in Brussels has asked EU national governments to give the green light by Jan. 29 for suspending a policy that lets Cambodia export all goods except weapons duty-free and quota-free to the bloc, according to two officials familiar with the matter. They spoke on the condition of anonymity because the deliberations are private.
Any go-ahead from EU national capitals would still leave a decision by the commission, the bloc’s executive arm, 12 months away. At stake is Cambodia’s place in the EU’s “Everything But Arms” initiative, the most generous part of the bloc’s Generalized Scheme of Preferences for poor countries around the world.
The EU is trying to prod changes in the political behavior of strongman Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen while being wary of damaging the country’s economy, where a $5 billion garment industry employs 750,000 people and is the biggest exporter.
Hun Sen, who extended his 33-year rule last July when his party won a boycotted election, has so far struck a defiant tone with the European side.
The latest internal EU preparations to withdraw commercial benefits for Cambodia follow a Jan. 21 meeting between European Trade Commissioner Cecilia Malmstrom and Cambodian Foreign Minister Prak Sokhonn. The Everything But Arms — or EBA — accord featured in the talks.
“We discussed the EBA agreement and the possibility of a withdrawal of the tariff preferences,” Malmstrom said in a Twitter post after the meeting in the Belgian capital. “Reiterated our concerns on democracy, human rights and rule of law. The EU continues to keep the path of dialog open.”
The EU debate over revoking general trade benefits for Cambodia is separate from a decision by the bloc last week to impose tariffs on Cambodian rice for three years as a result of a surge in imports deemed to have hurt European rice producers.
— With assistance by Nikos Chrysoloras
Greater Sino-Cambodian effort sought for Belt, Road
Op-Ed: China Daily
By AN BAIJIE | China Daily | Updated: 2019-01-22 01:28
China and Cambodia should speed up connecting the Belt and Road Initiative with Cambodia’s development strategy, President Xi Jinping said on Monday.Read More …