April, 2013

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Posted by: | Posted on: April 28, 2013

Tver Bon and Tver Tean in the Context

Dear Sis. Socheata and everyone;
Alms Food Collection to 100 Monks ធើ្វបុណ្យរាប់បាត្រ១០០អង្គ

Alms Food Collection to 100 Monks ធើ្វបុណ្យរាប់បាត្រ១០០អង្គ

Just to confirm that Buddha doesn’t regard next life of exist or non-exist extremely. The belief or principle teaching of extremism is not the way the Buddha’s teaching propagated. His teaching is the middle way, moderate way or non-judgmental etc.

For Buddha, next life can exist in the condition of:

– We are possessing Kilesa (defilement) កិលេស, Kamma (action) កម្ម and Vipaka វិបាក (fruition); these 3 are the potential for next rebirth

– With above 3, we are still Puthujana បុថុច្ជន, not Arahanta អរហន្ត

For Buddha, next life doesn’t exist in the condition of:

– Enlightened One, or Awaken One (full Enlightenment) will not been reborn.

About Danna or Tver Bon/Tver Tean is one of the principle teachings of Lord Buddha. Be reminded that Tver Bon and Tver Tean is not equivalent to the term “sharing”. Sharing might be equivalent to the international aids of developed or democratic countries who attached strings and conditions to those aids. But Tver Bon/Tver Tean in current situation of Cambodia might be comparable to the aids or free donation from China. In the public, it is showing that China is very kind to Cambodia. But at the back door, China might be able to obtain good position on different special agreements with the powerful for the benefit of China’s corporations etc.

Khmer proverb said “give him the means to catch fish, not the fish”. Buddha said “Teaching people the Dhamma or wisdom បញ្ញា is the greatest Tver Bon or សព្វទានំ ធម្មទានំ ជិនាតិ “.

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Posted by: | Posted on: April 23, 2013

Political Leadership: Oksenburg’s Theory and Mine

Vision is a very significant composition for leaders. Leaders who lead without vision is like a blind man walking in a dense jungle. Visionary leaders should exercise their vision in a right way rather than only having the vision in mind. But when we link to a lust for power and absolute ruthlessness quoted by Oksenburg, it is hard for me to assume what type of vision this leader should cultivate. However, I still stand on a right vision as the most important part for leaders before they prepare for the game of a lust for power and absolute ruthlessness.

Michel Oksenberg

Political Scientist Michel Oksenberg

Our transitional modern world moved forward tremendously with egalitarianism dominant of idea and change. This new coming trend tends to monopolize socioeconomics, politics, language, philosophy and culture in our social movements. There are large flows of convergence as well as new emerge of challenging divergence. In socioeconomic, there are larger scales of investing owned by one or two giant companies transnationally implemented. International political arena is gradually binding firmly together such as European Union or Southeast Asia plus three etc. Language is absolutely becoming one standard in communication with all aliens; and we can say English is presently universal tongue. Philosophy would be thoughtful focusing on humanitarian, sharing, toleration and empathy. This insightful thought inevitably treads on the way of moderation, negotiation and middle path. Culture seems to be less diverse that it becomes a new figure embodying the third culture product in which people create from their understanding and respect. The above few social compositions exhibit the convergence rather than divergence, but it is just the waves of flow and we cannot fathom the silent movement beneath those flooding waves.

This new emerge fascinatedly requires political leadership to handle and reframe it. For political leadership in here, politically corrected, I don’t mean to refer to those political professionals, but to those responsible leaders.

Oksenburg, who was specialist in China and former president of East West Center, laid out some idealistic formulations on leaders and leadership that include:

  • A lot of lust for power
  • Absolute ruthlessness
  • Vision
  • Many followers

The above concepts, Oksenburg intentionally referred to Chinese leaders only. But as we can see from our observation, these four concepts should characterize every leader regardless of their geography, tendency or power nature. However, some of them are my favor and some are not.

A lot of lust for power would be good if that power is legitimately gained and productively implemented. This reflects the abilities to compete fairly in the game of power with others. Those who win with unwholesome tactics, their power would be inescapably retaining hostility and becoming future lame in their leadership sphere. Furthermore, when they gain power they will absolutely utilize it to control or jeopardize opponents. Their power is naturally absolute in the political stage which always leads to totalitarianism. So speaking directly without having judgmental sense, Oksenburg intended to tell us that leaders should have a lust for power in a fair game.

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Posted by: | Posted on: April 17, 2013

សតិអារម្មណ៍ចាញ់បាក់ស្បាតឬជម្ងឺបាក់ស្បាត? in respond to previous article

In responding to previous article on ប្រជាជនខ្មែរគឺមានជំងឺបាក់ស្បាតផ្លូវចិត្តទាំងអស់ដូចគ្នា Mr.James Sok described following:
សតិអារម្មណ៍ចាញ់បាក់ស្បាតឬជម្ងឺបាក់ស្បាត? 
មុននឹងចាប់ផ្ដើមនិយាយ ជាដំបូងសូមខន្ដីអភ័យទោស ពីសំណាក់លោកអ្នកអានសិន ព្រោះថាអ្វីនឹង​បរិយាយតទៅនេះ ច្បាស់ជាអាចប៉ះពាល់ដល់ចិត្តគំនិតរបស់លោកអ្នកអានមិនខានឡើយ ដោយសារអ្វីនឹង​បរិ-យាយតទៅនេះ គឺជារឿងរ៉ាវខ្មែរយើងខ្លះមិនអាចទទួលបានឡើយ ដោយសារយើងយល់ផ្សេង ឬមិនធ្លាប់ទទួល​ស្វ័យតិទៀនលើករណីយ៍ទាក់ទងនិងខ្លួនយើង ។
តាមដែលធ្លាប់បានដឹង មានការសិក្សាបន្ដិចបន្ដួចទេបានធ្វើឡើងអំពី «សតិអារម្មណ៍ចាញ់បាក់ស្បាត» ក្នុងចំណោមបណ្ដាជនខ្មែរ ។ ដោយសារ ខ្ញុំបាទមិនមែនជាជនមានជំនាញខាងវិជ្ជានេះ អ្វីដែលនឹងបរិយាយគឺ​ជា​ទស្សនៈធម្មតាប៉ុណ្ណោះ ។
សតិអារម្មណ៍ចាញ់បាក់ស្បាតប្រហែលជាកើតមានយូរមកហើយ
ប្រសិនពិចារណាតាមប្រវត្តិសាស្រ្ដ បណ្ដាជនខ្មែរបានទទួលរងគ្រោះចាញ់បាក់ស្បាតតាំងពី​យូរ​ណាស់​​​​មក​​ហើយ ។ គឺចាញ់បាក់ស្បាតក្នុងសម័យកាលលើកទីមួយ នៅសម័យចាញ់សង្គ្រាមរួចចាកចោលទីក្រុងអង្គរ (ឆ្នាំ ១៣៥០-១៣៩៨) ។ បណ្ដាជនខ្មែរបានធ្លាក់ខ្លួនយ៉ាងខ្លាំង ទាំងផ្លូវកាយនិងចិត្ត ចំនួនមនុស្សក៏បាន​វិនាស​អស់​យ៉ាងច្រើន ដោយសារសឹកសង្គ្រាម ជម្ងឺតំកាត់ រត់លូន និង ទុរភិក្ស ជាដើម ។
ចាប់តាំងពីចាកចោលទីក្រុងអង្គរមក បណ្ដាជនខ្មែរមិនសូវបានសុខទេ រហូតដល់សម័យរៀបចំ​ទី​ក្រុង​លង្វែក ទើបបណ្ដាជនខ្មែរទទួលបាននូវស្ថិរភាពខាងផ្លូវសង្គមសេដ្ឋកិច្ចបានមួយកំរិត ជាហេតុបណ្ដុះបណ្ដាល​បាននូវមនុស្សមានសុខភាពផ្លូវចិត្តមួយភាគ ។ សម័យកាលចំរើននេះបានកើតឡើងមិនយូរប៉ុន្មានទេ ក៏ទីក្រុង​លង្វែកជួបប្រទះនឹងការវាយប្រហារធំៗញឹកញយ ។ នៅឆ្នាំ ១៥៩៤ ទីក្រុងលង្វែកក៏ត្រូវបច្ចាមិត្រវាយបំបែក ប្លន់​កាប់សម្លាប់ និង កៀរយកប្រជាជនខ្មែរជាច្រើនម៉ឺននាក់យកទៅប្រទេសសៀម ។
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Posted by: | Posted on: April 17, 2013

Meditation and Leadership

Meditation and Leadership

Preamble

Alex-Grey-Meditation12 Nearly four months in Asia Pacific Leadership Program course that provided me the realization of how important of self in supporting sustainable development. Three lessons mainly value the self which has full potential to impact the whole compounding society. In Leadership Seminar, the core idea was centralizing on individual’s motivation. Started its class with silent lesson inspired me very much to explore my inner strength and ability. Culture and diversity also emphasized the existence of self to extend to surrounding people, environment and culture through the prospects of respecting, tolerance and compassion. Visioning the future and personal action plan (PAP) also inspired self-centered, self-innovated, self-projected, and self-oriented. In Professional Development Leadership Seminar, it encouraged individuals to improve self-resume and curriculum vitae through self-experiences, community services and orientations. Egonet and networking classified self as the most important component to create networking effectively. By self-effort, self-intelligence, self-awareness and self-responsibility should bear fruits to success in exposing with other people and tasks. When we can create ourselves as a stable pole or a big island, there will be many people trust and want to take a hold or parking their journey. In Regional Core Issues, it has the concept that economics, politics, environment, culture, social formation and information are circle and spinning around the word “I.” “I” is the essence of these core issues. Bad or good originated from “I”. So how can we decorate “I”, “Self” or “Individual” to be more proactive and becoming essential milestone of success?

Self and relationship with nature according to well-known scholars

Both Mechanical Universe of Isaac Newton and Quantum Mechanics of Albert Einstein have clarified that self or individual is very essential to respond to the whole society, world and universe under a certain natural law which called original interdependent or inner relativism. Buddha is the first researcher who found this theory and taught everybody about this inner relation and pointed out the way of middle path, self-savior and enlightenment.

Why meditation should be important to develop leadership?

When we discuss about self-savior or self-reliance; it must come from inner individual discovery through meditation practice. Good leader aims at those who can lead themselves, endure to serve others and initiate self-orientation. Richard Davidson, Neuroscientist of Wisconsin University has found that meditation is the important tool to develop happiness and other abilities especially leadership[i]. This factual statement inspires us to look inside and explore this tool together.

What is meditation?

Meditation is the method to explore self-strengths, peace, wisdom, compassion, motivation and innovation. Meditation doesn’t distinguish the practitioners by race, religions, language, traits or location. It is not the faith or belief but the discovery of self-enlightenment. It is not the spiritual rites, but it is the developing center of wisdom, compassion, dedication, commitment and leadership. There are two types of meditation: concentration meditation and insight meditation. Concentration meditation is the practice concerning the establishing of calmness, stillness and peace of the mind while Insight Meditation focuses on the cultivation of realization and knowledge.

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Posted by: | Posted on: April 15, 2013

ប្រជាជនខ្មែរគឺមានជំងឺបាក់ស្បាតផ្លូវចិត្តទាំងអស់ដូចគ្នា

ខ្ញុំគិតថាខ្លួនខ្ញុំព្រមទាំងមិត្តកសិករទាំងអស់ពិតជាមានជំងឺបាក់ស្បាតផ្លូវចិត្ត (Trauma) ហើយ។ ជំងឺនេះទាមទារពេលវេលានិងថវិការជាច្រើនដើម្បីព្យាបាល។ តើខ្ញុំមានសមត្ថភាពណាទៅគិត ដល់រោគសញ្ញានៃជំងឺនេះ បើរោគឃ្លាន ខ្លៅ ខ្លាច ស៊ីរូងផៃ្ទក្នុងនិងចាក់ស្អិតជាប់ក្នុងបេះដូងរួច ទៅហើយនោះ។

កាលពីថ្ងៃមុន ខ្មុំបានសរសេរពីទេពកោសល្យប្រជាភិថុតរបស់អ្នកនយោបាយជាភាសាអង់ គ្លេស ដែលទេពកោសល្យនេះមានភាពខុសគ្នារវាងអ្នកនយោបាយនិន្នាការប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ និងអ្នកនយោបាយនិន្នាការកុម្មុយនីស។ អ្នកវិទ្យាសាស្រ្តនយោបាយមានគំនិតតែមួយដូចគ្នា គឺអ្នកនយោបាយដែលឈរជួរមុខគេគឺជាអ្នកដែលពូកែខាងប្រើល្បិចកលប្រជាភិថុត(manipulations).

ខ្ញុំប្រាថ្នាចង់ឃើញអ្នកដឹកនាំខ្មែរអនុវត្តប្រសិទ្ធិភាព​ជាមេដឹកនាំដោយការយកតំរាប់តាមលោក ប្រធាធិបតីសហរដ្ឋអាមេរិក George Washington។ បន្ទាប់ពីលោកមានអំណាចគ្រប់យ៉ាងក្នុង ដៃ រៀបចំប្រទេសប្រកបដោយនីតិរដ្ឋហើយ លោកបានកំណត់អណត្តិរបស់លោកតាមច្បាប់ ហើយគាំទ្ររៀបចំអោយមានការបោះឆ្នោតជ្រើសរើសប្រធាធិបតីថ្មីដោយសុចរិតយុត្តិធម៌។

លោកបានក្លាយជាបីតាជាតិដ៏អស្ខារ្យម្នាក់ចាប់តាំងពីថ្ងៃទី៤ មីនា ១៧៩៧តរៀងមក។

ក្នុងឱកាសបុណ្យចូលឆ្នាំខ្មែរ ឆ្នាំម្សាញ់ បញ្ខស័ក ព.ស.២៥៥៧ នេះ អ្នកនយោបាយខ្មែរខិតខំ បញេ្ចញទេពកោសល្យរបស់ខ្លួនដើម្បីទាក់ទាញអ្នកគាំទ្រ។ អ្នកដែលមានលុយជួលប្រព័ន្ធផ្សព្វ ផ្សាយបានច្រើនឫអ្នកដែលប្រើអំណាចគ្រប់គ្រងផ្តាច់មុខនូវប្រព័ន្ធផ្សព្វផ្សាយតែម្នាក់ឯងរឹតតែ អាចបញ្ជ្រាបល្បិចកលប្រជាភិថុតរបស់ខ្លួនបានកាន់តែច្រើន។

Manipulation ចំរៀងថ្មីរបស់ផលិតកម្មថោន ចំណងជើងថា សម្លក្តាម ច្រៀងដោយលោកពែកមីពិតជាទាញ ចំណាប់អារម្មណ៍របស់ខ្ញុំជាខ្លាំង។ ខ្ញុំមិនអាចដឹងពីគោលបំណងនៅពីក្រោយឆាកនៃបទចំរៀង នេះទេ Manipulation1តែអ្វីដែលខ្ញុំចាប់អារម្មណ៍គឺ៖
– ផលិតកម្មថោនបានឃោសនាស្រាបៀរកម្ពុជាទាំងស្បត ទាំងសេចរឿង និងដបគឺជាបន្ទាត់ព្រំ ដែនខ្មែរ
– អត្ថន័យចំរៀងគឺពិតជាចូលជ្រៅទៅក្នុងបេះដូងកសិករខ្មែរដែលមានដល់ទៅ៩០ភាគរយ នៃប្រជាពលរដ្ឋទាំងអស់
– ទំនុកត្រង់ថា ពីដើមមានស្រូវម៉ែឳភ្ជួរនឹងសត្វគោ សម័យតេជោភ្ជួរនឹងអាគោយន្ត ពិតជា បង្ហាញនូវទេពកោសល្យយ៉ាងពិតប្រាកដមែន

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Posted by: | Posted on: April 11, 2013

Conflict Resolution for the Workplace

Conflict Resolution for the Workplace

Self-reflection assignment

Personality Style1 While the former manager was transferred to another store, a new coming manager has run her management style differently. Some of the co-workers said she is a micro manager, mean and angry leader. For me, I see her as very rigid and nepotistic.

To handle with the new manager, first of all I have to understand myself first: what is my strength and weakness, how is my self-awareness and self-expression? What type of personality style am I in comparing to animals or bird such as turtle, teddy bear, fox, shark and owl? How could I build creative response and appropriate assertiveness? What is my personality profile – task focused or people oriented? Primary step is the emotional management and the courage to stand up with open listening and open communication in a way of win-win approach.

Comparing to animals on how do I handle conflict, I am likely characterized by owl that win-win strategy is very substantial. Unlike Turtle who withdraws into its shell when he/she is facing with problem; Teddy Bear who is cheerful and refusing to talk about the problem; Fox who likes compromise all the time; and Shark who hardly pushes to the end to determine win or lose; Owl will make special effort to mutual understand, build trust, and undertake appropriate assertiveness etc. As I took my vow to understand the new manager style and personality, I furthered my step in putting myself within a cool situation although my manager was always tense and authoritative.

“I statement” is very helpful for me. Once, I directly told her that “I feel that the caring both internal and external customer(s) are very important”. With this statement, I furthered explain the unfriendly action against staff(s) are like treating internal customers unproductively. Whenever, the staffs don’t incorporate with the management teams, it might make work environment worse. So the prospect of putting customer first possibly referred to everyone especially external customers and internal customers (co-workers). I am considering this action as part of my creative response and appropriate assertiveness.

Conflict Resolution on Power1When I was a graduate assistant at the university, one of my senior co-workers tended to offer me many tasks in which distorted my time to serve my boss who directly supervised my tasks. As he set deadlines for those tasks, I had to double energy and time to complete them. Once, the burden was overwhelmed, I must state the need of change to the management team. Before that, I face-to-face talked with co-worker about assigned duties I must also complete for the boss. He finally understood on my responsibility.

I am more inclining to task-focused than people-oriented. I believe in tidiness, compliant, well organized, set-policy and punctual. But I might miss parts of sense of humor, people sensitivity and social outgoing etc.

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