now browsing by category
ការប្រជុំអង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិលើកទី៧៣ស្តីអំពីការកំណត់វាសនារួមកាន់នៃប្រជាជនពិភពលោក លោកនាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រីកម្ពុជាត្រូវបង្ខំចិត្តមកចូលរួមខ្លួនឯងដែលខុសពីលើកមុនៗ ភាគច្រើនត្រឹមបញ្ជូនទេសរដ្ឋមន្ត្រីនិងរដ្ឋមន្ត្រីក្រសួងការបរទេសមកចូលរួម។
មានសំណួរ សួរថានៅពេលដែលលោកហ៊ុន-សែនបានរៀបចំការបោះឆ្នោតក្លែងក្លាយដើម្បីឡើងកាន់អំណាច ហេតុអ្វីអង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិត្រូវអញ្ជើញលោកមកថ្លែងការណ៍? -តាមពិត អង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិមិនបានអញ្ជើញទេ គឺតំណាងប្រទេសមួយៗអាចរៀបចំយ៉ាងណាអោយមានតំណាងខ្លួនមកថ្លែងការណ៍ពេលមានប្រជុំប្រចាំឆ្នាំម្តងៗតែប៉ុណ្ណោះ។ តែពេលនេះលោកហ៊ុន-សែនទទួលបានការគាបសង្កត់ខ្លាំងពីគ្រប់មជ្ឈដ្ឋានទាំងប្រជាជនខ្មែរអ្នកបោះឆ្នោត ទាំងគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិ ទាំងក្រុមការងារគណបក្សប្រជាជនខ្លួន ទាំងប្រទេសដែលមិនទទួលស្គាល់លោកមានសហគមអុឺរ៉ុបនិងអាមេរិកជាដើម និងទាំងប្រទេសដែលគាំទ្រលោកដើម្បីប្រយោជន៍របស់គេគឺប្រទេសចិនជាដើម។
– ទី១ គឺបាតុកម្មប្រឆាំងរបស់សហគមខ្មែរមកពីអាមេរិកនិងកាណាដានៅមុខអង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិនាទីក្រុងញូយ៉ក។ ពួកគេទាំងអស់នោះ ចំណាយកំឡាំងកាយចិត្តរបស់ខ្លួនព្រោះមើលឃើញកំហុសឆ្គងរបស់លោកហ៊ុន-សែនចំពោះនីតិរដ្ឋ(rule of laws), សេដ្ឋកិច្ច(economy), សេរីភាព(freedom), សិទ្ធិមនុស្ស(human rights), ប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ(democracy), ការបោះឆ្នោត(election), និងភាពថ្លៃថ្នូររបស់បច្ចេកបុគ្គលខ្មែរម្នាក់ៗ(dignity of individual Khmer)ខ្លាំងពេក។
– ទី២ ប្រទេសនៃសមាជិកសហគមអុឺរ៉ុបនិងសហរដ្ឋអាមេរិកនឹងប្រើប្រាស់ឱកាសវត្តមានរបស់លោកហ៊ុន-សែនដើម្បីលើកឡើងនូវបញ្ហាធំៗមានការទំលាក់ចោលការចោទប្រកាន់ទាំងអស់និងអនុញ្ញាតអោយគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិត្រឡប់មកប្រក្រតីភាពឡើងវិញជាដើម។ បារាំងនឹងធ្វើជាមជ្ឈន្តិករនៃការសំរបសំរួលក្នុងនាមជាសហប្រធាននៃកិច្ចព្រមព្រៀងសន្តិភាពទីក្រុងប៉ារីស២៣ តុលា ១៩៩១។
សូមបញ្ជាក់ថាសហគមអុឺរ៉ុបដែលមានសមាជិកជាច្រើនឈររឹងមាំនៅអង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិធ្លាប់ស្នើរអោយមានការព្យួរអាសនៈកម្ពុជានៅអង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិបើកម្ពុជាមិន ត្រឡប់មករកប្រក្រតីភាពឡើងវិញទេ។ ប្រទេសបារាំង អង់គ្លេស និងសហរដ្ឋអាមេរិក ជាសមាជិកសន្តិសុខអចិន្ត្រៃយ៍ក្នុងចំណោម៥ប្រទេសរួមទាំងចិននិងរុស្សុី។ គេមិនប្រាកដថាចិននិងរុស្សុីអាចការពារកម្ពុជាបានទេ បើប្រទេសនេះត្រូវប្រឈមការគាបសង្កត់ធ្ងន់ធ្ងរពីប្រទេសទាំងអស់នៅអង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិ។ ក្នុងអង្គប្រជុំនោះ អ្នកស្រីបណ្ឌិតរ៉ូណាស្មីត ដែលជាប្រេសីតពិសេសរបស់លោកអគ្គលេខាអង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិលោកអន់តូទីអូ ហ្គូតើរ៉េស (Antonio Guterres) នឹងធ្វើសេចក្តីរាយការណ៍លំអិតដល់សមាជិកទាំងអស់របស់អង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិអំពីសិទ្ធិមនុស្សនិងសេរីភាពដែលកំពុងកើតមាននៅកម្ពុជា។
ខុសពីដូណាល់ត្រាំ លោកប្រធានាធិបតេយ្យម៉ាក្រុនឈរយ៉ាងរឹងមាំនូវស្ថាប័នសកលលោកនិយម(globalism)តាមរយៈការខិតខំរួមគ្នា(collective effort) ហើយសិទ្ធិមនុស្សមិនមែនជារឿងដែលយើងអាចអនុគ្រោះ(compromise)បានទេ វាជាកាតព្វកិច្ចរួមគ្នា(collective obligation)។ ខុសពីលោកត្រាំដែលសំលឹងមើលប្រយោជន៍ប្រទេសមួយៗ លោកម៉ាក្រុនសំលឹងមើលការសហការពហុភាគី(multilateralism) មិនទទួលយកបាននូវឯកពន្ធភាព(unilateralism)បានទេ។
Op-Ed: The CEROC
ថ្ងៃទី២២ ខែកញ្ញា ឆ្នាំង២០១៨នេះ ប្រធានដឺសុីរ៉ក់លោកសេង សុភ័ណ បានជួបសំណេះសំណាលជាមួយតំណាងរាស្ត្រប្រចាំមណ្ឌលបោះឆ្នោតរបស់គាត់គឺលោក MP Ron McKinnon ដែលតំណាងអោយរដ្ឋសហព័ន្ធកាណាដាក្នុងការគាំទ្រតែងតាំងគាត់ជាបេក្ខជនបន្តទៀតសំរាប់គណបក្សសេរីភាព(Liberal Party)កំពុងដឹកនាំរដ្ឋាភិបាលបច្ចុប្បន្ន ក្នុងមណ្ឌលបោះឆ្នោត Coquitlam-Port Coquitlam កំណត់ឡើងក្នុងឆ្នាំ២០១៩ខាងមុខ។
ទន្ទឹមនឹងនោះដែរ លោកសុភ័ណបានពិភាក្សាលំអិតជាមួយលោកតំណាងរាស្ត្រអំពីស្ថានការណ៌សិទ្ធិមនុស្សនិងលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យនៅកម្ពុជា។ ការបោះឆ្នោតនៅថ្ងៃទី២៩ ខែកក្កដា ឆ្នាំ២០១៨ ជាការបោះឆ្នោតមួយដែលមិនអាចឆ្លុះបញ្ចាំងពីឆន្ទៈពិតរបស់ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋខ្មែរពិតប្រាកដបានទេពីព្រោះគណបក្សប្រកួតប្រជែងដែលមានកំឡាំងប្រហាក់ប្រហែលគ្នាត្រូវបានផាត់ចេញពីសៃវេននយោបាយដោយការចាប់ប្រធានដាក់ឃុំ បំបិទសិទ្ធិថ្នាក់ដឹកនាំសំខាន់ៗទាំង១១៨នាក់ រំលាយគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិចោល ដកយកកៅអីសភាតំណាងរាស្ត្រទាំង៥៥ទៅចែកអោយគណបក្សផ្សេង និងដកយកតំណែងឃុំ-សង្កាត់ទាំង៥០០៧ដែលប្រជាពលរដ្ឋបោះឆ្នោតអោយមកគ្រប់គ្រងខ្លួនឯង។ មិនតែប៉ុណ្ណោះ ពត៌មានឯករាជ្យសំខាន់ៗត្រូវបានបិទ អង្គការក្រៅរដ្ឋាភិបាលដែលធ្វើការឃ្លាំមើលសិទ្ធិមនុស្សនិងប្រជាធិបតេយ្យទាំងថ្នាក់ជាតិនិងអន្តរជាតិត្រូវបានគាបសង្កត់គ្រប់បែបយ៉ាងនិងបណ្តេញចេញក្រៅប្រទេស។ ការសំដែងមតិនិងចលនាសហជីបកម្មករត្រូវបានរឹតបណ្តឹង។ ជាលទ្ធផល គណបក្សប្រជាជនកម្ពុជាដែលដឹកនាំដោយលោកហ៊ុន-សែនប្រកាសឈ្នះកៅអីសភាទាំង១២៥កៅអីជាអត្តនោមតិ។
ពេលនេះ រដ្ឋសភាសហគមអុឺរ៉ុបក៏ដូចជាសហរដ្ឋអាមេរិកនិងអង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិ ដែលជាដៃគូរសំខាន់ក្នុងការអភិវឌ្ឍន៍សេដ្ឋកិច្ចនិងលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យបានថ្កោលទោសនិងចេញដំណោះ
ស្រាយរួមនិងដាច់ដោយឡែក ដោយចោទសួរចំៗទៅរដ្ឋាភិបាលឯកបក្សថ្មីរបស់លោកហ៊ុន-សែនអោយត្រឡប់មករកប្រក្រតីភាពឡើងវិញដោយការអោយគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិវិលមកដូចដើមវិញ ដោះលែងប្រធានគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិលោកកឹម-សុខាពីការឃុំឃាំងក្នុងផ្ទះនិងលោកសម-រង្សុីដែលកំពុងនិរទេសខ្លួននៅក្រៅប្រទេសក្នុងបទចោទនយោបាយរាប់ជំពូកដើម្បីគាត់អោយចូលស្រុកវិញប្រកបជីវភាពនយោបាយធម្មតា ផ្តល់សិទ្ធិនយោបាយអោយថ្នាក់ដឹកនាំទាំង១១៨នាក់ ប្រគល់តំណែងឃុំ-សង្កាត់ទាំង៥០០៧នាក់មកវិញ អនុញ្ញាតអោយសារពត៌មានឯករាជ្យ សង្គមសុីវិល និងសហជីបកម្មការមានដំណើរការនិងសិទ្ធិសេរីភាពឡើងវិញ។ បើមិនដូច្នោះទេ សហគមអុឺរ៉ុននិងសហរដ្ឋអាមេរិកជាដើម នឹងដក់កិច្ចអនុគ្រោះពន្ធនាំសំលៀកបំពាក់ចូល ដែលក្នុងមួយឆ្នាំជិត៧០០លានដុល្លាសហរដ្ឋអាមេរិក។ មិនតែប៉ុណ្ណោះ សហគមអុឺរ៉ុបនិងសហរដ្ឋអាមេរិកនឹងផ្តាច់ជំនួយក៏ដូចជាទំនាក់ទំនងការទូតនិងដាក់បញ្ជីខ្មៅដល់ក្រុមបក្សពួកដែលមានចំណែកក្នុងការធ្វើអោយធ្លាក់ចុះនៃលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យនិងសិទ្ធិមនុស្សនៅកម្ពុជា។
ជាការកត់សំគាល់ រដ្ឋាភិបាលថ្មីក្រោយការបោះឆ្នោតក្លែងក្លាយនេះ មិនមានប្រទេសណាច្រើនទទួលស្គាល់ទេ មានប្រទេសចិនដែលប្រកាសជំហរគាំទ្រនិងសហការជាមួយកម្ពុជានៅពេលដែលការវិនិយោគរបស់ចិនភាគច្រើនជាការវិនិយោគបែបគ្មានតម្លាភាពដោយការកាប់ទន្ទ្រានព្រៃនិងជីកយករ៉ែ និងដឹកមកជាមួយនូវសម្ភារៈនិងកម្មកររបស់ចិនមកជាមួយ។ ការណ៍នេះ ធ្វើអោយនឹកឃើញដល់កិច្ចព្រមព្រៀងពាណិជ្ជកម្មរវាងនាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រី Justin Trudeau របស់កាណាដាជាមួយចិនដែលទទួលបានបរាជ័យពីព្រោះលោកទ្រូដូបដិសេធន៍សំណើរចិនក្នុងការនាំចូលសម្ភារៈនិងកម្មករចិនមកជាមួយក្នុងការវិនិយោគក្នុងប្រទេសកាណាដា។ លើសពីនេះ លោកសេង សុភ័ណ សង្កេតឃើញភាពអនាធិបតេយ្យរបស់ជនជាតិចិននៅប្រទេសកម្ពុជាជាពិសេសទីក្រុងព្រះសីហនុតែម្តង។
បញ្ជាក់ជាមួយលោកតំណាងរាស្ត្ររ៉ន ប្រទេសកាណាដាបានទទួលការនាំចូលទំនិញពីកម្ពុជាបែបអនុគ្រោះពន្ធទំហំជិត៦ភាគរយ ហើយរដ្ឋាភិបាលកាណាដានៅបន្តជួយកម្ពុជាពង្រឹងផ្នែកសិទ្ធិមនុស្ស នីតិរដ្ឋ ការកសាងកំឡាំងសមត្ថភាព និងសេដ្ឋកិច្ចសង្គមបន្តជារៀងរហូតក្រោយពីបានចុះហត្ថលេខាលើសន្ធិសញ្ញាកិច្ចព្រមព្រៀងសន្តិភាពទីក្រុងប៉ារីស២៣ តុលា ១៩៩១ មក។ ទាក់ទងនឹងញត្តិអនឡាយរបស់រដ្ឋសភាកាណាដាដែលធានានិងគាំទ្រដោយលោកតំណាងរាស្ត្រ លោកសុភ័ណនឹងជជែកពិភាក្សាជាបន្តបន្ទាប់ជាមួយជំនួយការផ្ទាល់របស់គាត់ប្រចាំការិយាល័យនៅអូតាវ៉ា។ បើមុនថ្ងៃ២៤ តុលាខាងមុខ ចំនួនញត្តិបានគ្រប់៥០០ លោករ៉ននិងសហការជាមួយក្រសួងការបរទេសដឹកនាំដោយអ្នកស្រីChristia Freelandមុននឹងចេញសេចក្តីថ្លែងការណ៌អនុមត្តិដំណោះស្រាយរួមក្នុងរដ្ឋសភាកាណាដាក្នុងការស្តារនិងកំណត់វិធានការណ៍ជាក់លាក់ចំពោះការធ្លាក់ចុះនៃលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យនៅកម្ពុជា។ លោកអ្នកអាចចូលរួមចុះហត្ថលេខាលើញត្តិបន្ថែមបាន៖ https://petitions.ourcommons.ca/en/Petition/Details?Petition=e-1746
This September 22, 2018, Mr. Sophan Seng, President of the CEROC met and discussed with member of parliament for federal government in his Constituency Mr. Ron McKinnon who is also collecting support signatures for his Coquitlam-Port Coquitlam candidacy of the Liberal Party for the upcoming national election in 2019.
In the meantime, Mr. Sophan discussed in details about the human rights and democracy environment of Cambodia. The election on 29 July 2018 has not been a free and fair election reflecting genuine will of the Cambodian voters at all because the key opposition party that have paralleling capacity to compete with the ruling party CPP was banned not to compete in the election by jailing its leader, banning top leadership of 118 politicians not to engage in politics, dissolving the Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP), taking away the parliamentary seats of 55 to redistribute to other parties, and taking away the commune-Sangkat councillors of 5007 posts voted by the people to its own party. Further more, the independence media were shut down, non-governmental organizations whose missions are to monitor election and democratization, both domestic and international, were pressured and dispelled. Freedom of expression and movement of labor unions were oppressed. As a result, the ruling party Cambodian People’s Party (CPP) grabbed all 125 seats from the election.
Right now, the European unions, United States of America, and the United Nations, who are partners of development and democratization each have condemned and approved resolution by interacting directly to Prime Minister Hun Sen to bring back normality by allowing CNRP to normal operation, release President of the party Mr. Kem Sokha from house arrest, and Mr. Sam Rainsy who is in self-exile by several political verdicts of the government to be able to return back home to conduct his political career freely, allowing all 118 politicians to freely engage in politics without having legal reprisals, giving back the 5007 posts of commune-sangkat councillors, allowing media, NGOs and unions to exercise their rights and freedom fully without obstacles. If not following this scenario, the European unions and the United States etc. shall cut off the free-tariff on garment exporting value near 700 millions per year while diplomatic tie and aids will be in dilemma, and blacklisting will be created to punish those individuals who have engaged to human rights violation and de-democratization in Cambodia.
Remarkably, the new government born after a fake election, just few countries recognized especially China who has come out to support and incorporate with Cambodia while major investments from China are the nontransparent FDI by conducting deforestation and mineral exploitation with bringing all China’s materials and manpower/workers in. This problem reminds us of trade negotiation between Justin Trudeau and China which was failed completely because China insisted to bring their own materials and workers to invest in Canada. More than this, Mr. Sophan noticed on the anarchy of Chinese people in Cambodia particularly in Sihanoukville.
Emphasizing with MP Ron, Canada has provided free-tariff importing of Cambodia products accounting nearly 6%, and the royal government of Canada has continued to support human rights, rule of laws, capacity building, social and economic development eversince since Canada was a signatory of Paris Peace Agreement of October 23, 1991. Regarding the online petition sponsored by MP, Mr. Sophan shall contact and discuss with his personal assistance at main office in Ottawa continuously. If before the expiry date of October 24, the signatures are reached 500, MP Ron will detail this with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs led by Christia Freeland before giving speech on official statement on collective resolution of proper restoration and measures to the situation of democracy in Cambodia. You can sign the petition at: https://petitions.ourcommons.ca/en/Petition/Details?Petition=e-1746
Official reference source: European Parliament
|European Parliament resolution on Cambodia, notably the case of Kem Sokha (2018/2842(RSP))|
|The European Parliament,
– having regard to the Council conclusions on Cambodia of 26 February 2018,
– having regard to the statement by the spokesperson of the European External Action Service (EEAS) of 30 July 2018 on the general elections in Cambodia,
– having regard to the evaluation mission of the Commission and the EEAS to Cambodia of 5 to 11 July 2018,
– having regard to the 2008 EU Guidelines on Human Rights Defenders,
– having regard to the statement by the spokesperson of the EEAS of 16 November 2017 on the dissolution of the Cambodian National Rescue Party,
– having regard to the 1997 Cooperation Agreement between the European Community and the Kingdom of Cambodia,
– having regard to the local EU statement of 22 February 2017 on the political situation in Cambodia, and the statements by the spokesperson of the EU Delegation of 25 August 2017 and 3 September 2017 on restrictions of political space in Cambodia,
– having regard to UN Human Rights Council Resolution 36/32 of 29 September 2017 and the Report of the Secretary-General of 2 February 2018,
– having regard to the report of the Committee on the Human Rights of Parliamentarians and the decisions of the Governing Council of the Inter-Parliamentary Union of March 2018,
– having regard to UN General Assembly Resolution A/RES/53/144 of 8 March 1999 on the right and responsibility of individuals, groups and organs of society to promote and protect universally recognised human rights and fundamental freedoms,
– having regard to the 1991 Paris Peace Accords, in which a commitment to uphold human rights and fundamental freedoms in Cambodia, including on the part of international signatories, is enshrined in Article 15,
– having regard to the International Labour Organisation Convention on Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise,
– having regard to the Cambodian Constitution, in particular Article 41 thereof, in which the rights and freedoms of expression and assembly are enshrined, Article 35 on the right to political participation and Article 80 on parliamentary immunity,
– having regard to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 10 December 1948,
– having regard to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of 1966,
– having regard to Rules 135(5) and 123(4) of its Rules of Procedure,
A. whereas on 3 September 2017, Kem Sokha, the President of the Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP), was arrested, and whereas on 16 November 2017, the Supreme Court announced the dissolution of the CNRP, at the end of a one-day hearing; whereas the Supreme Court has also banned 118 CNRP politicians from being politically active for five years;
B. whereas the ruling Cambodian People’s Party (CPP) obtained 100 % of the contested seats in the National Assembly election held on 29 July 2018 and in the Senate election held on 25 February 2018;
C. whereas the right to political participation is enshrined in Article 35 of the Cambodian Constitution; whereas the amended 2017 Law on Political Parties includes numerous restrictions on the participation of opposition parties, including the dissolution of parties if its leaders have a criminal record;
D. whereas the 2018 elections in Cambodia were de facto non-competitive and failed to meet minimum international standards for democratic elections; whereas the European Union and the United States of America suspended their financial assistance to the Cambodian National Election Committee and declined to observe the elections;
E. whereas the decision to dissolve the CNRP was a significant step towards the creation of an authoritarian state; whereas the political structure of Cambodia can no longer be considered a democracy;
F. whereas the Cambodian Government took wide-ranging measures to ensure that the ruling CPP would run virtually unopposed in the elections for both the Senate and the National Assembly;
G. whereas, following his arrest on 3 September 2017, Kem Sokha was charged with treason under Article 443 of the Cambodian Criminal Code, despite his parliamentary immunity; whereas statements by the Cambodian Government jeopardised his right to a fair trial and the presumption of innocence; whereas he faces up to 30 years in prison if found guilty; whereas the President of the Court, Dith Munty, is a member of the standing committee of the ruling party;
H. whereas on 28 August 2018, the Cambodian authorities released 14 members of the CNRP after they had received a royal pardon; whereas this pardon is linked to the releases granted to half a dozen activists and journalists;
I. whereas Kem Sokha was detained without trial for more than one year; whereas the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention declared Mr Sokha’s pre-trial detention to be ‘arbitrary’ and ‘politically motivated’; whereas he was released on bail on 10 September 2018; whereas he is unable to leave the vicinity of his house and is not allowed to communicate with other members of the opposition or the media;
J. whereas the arrest and detention of Kem Sokha occurred amid widespread and systematic repression of political and electoral rights in Cambodia; whereas there has been a steady increase in the number of cases of arrest and detention of members of the political opposition and political commentators; whereas the previous President of the CNRP, Sam Rainsy, was convicted of criminal defamation and now lives in exile;
K. whereas the Cambodian authorities have also cracked down on journalists and reporters covering the attacks on the opposition parties; whereas 69‑year‑old award-winning filmmaker James Ricketson is one of the victims of these attacks on the media; whereas Mr Ricketson was arrested for flying a drone over an opposition party rally in June 2017; whereas Mr Ricketson has been sentenced to six years in prison in the capital, Phnom Penh, on charges of espionage;
L. whereas there has been a severe crackdown on the independent media; whereas social media networks have also come under attack; whereas in May, the Government issued a regulation restricting the rights to freedom of expression, press and publication and empowering the Government to police social media networks to uncover and silence online dissent in Cambodia;
M. whereas trade unionists, human rights activists and civil society organisations are operating in an increasingly restricted space in Cambodia and face harassment, acts of intimidation and arbitrary arrest; whereas the 2015 amended Law on Association and Non-Governmental Organisations (LANGO) severely restricts freedom of association and expression, including by establishing government control and censorship over the work of NGOs; whereas the Trade Union Law restricts freedom of association and creates unnecessary obstacles and burdens in relation to registration procedures and the operations of trade unions;
N. whereas five human rights defenders affiliated with the Cambodian Human Rights and Development Association (ADHOC), Nay Vanda, Ny Sokha, Yi Soksan, Lim Mony, and Ny Chakrya, face charges of bribing a witness and being an accomplice to bribery of a witness; whereas the five human rights defenders spent 14 months in pre-trial detention before their release on bail;
O. whereas Cambodia benefits from the most favourable regime available under the EU’s Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP), namely the Everything But Arms (EBA) scheme; whereas the EU has allocated up to EUR 410 million to Cambodia for development cooperation for the financial period 2014-2020, of which EUR 10 million is for supporting the electoral reform process in Cambodia and is currently suspended;
P. whereas the UN Secretary‑General recalled in his July statement that an inclusive and pluralistic political process remains essential for safeguarding the progress made by Cambodia in consolidating peace;
Q. whereas conflicts over sugar plantations have not yet been resolved; whereas there is continuing concern about evictions from land, persistent impunity for such acts and the dire situation of the affected communities; whereas the Government of Cambodia has not signed up to the EU Terms of Reference for the Sugar Cane Audit Process;
1. Notes that Kem Sokha was released from prison on bail under strict conditions; denounces the fact that Kem Sokha has been placed under house arrest; calls for all charges against Kem Sokha to be dropped and for his immediate and full release; calls, furthermore, for other politically motivated charges and rulings against opposition politicians, including Sam Rainsy, to be dropped immediately;
2. Is worried about the condition of Kem Sokha’s health, and calls on the Cambodian authorities to allow him to receive appropriate medical treatment; asks the Government to allow Kem Sokha to meet foreign diplomats, UN officials and human rights observers;
3. Expresses its conviction that the elections in Cambodia cannot be considered to be free and fair; expresses serious concerns at the conduct and results of the 2018 elections in Cambodia, which failed to produce a credible process and were widely condemned by the international community;
4. Calls on the Cambodian Government to work towards strengthening democracy and the rule of law and to respect human rights and fundamental freedoms, which includes fully complying with the constitutional provisions on pluralism and freedom of association and expression; calls, furthermore, on the Cambodian Government to repeal all recent amendments to the Constitution, the Penal Code, the Law on Political Parties, the Trade Union Law, the Law on NGOs and all other pieces of legislation limiting freedom of speech and political freedoms that are not fully in line with Cambodia’s obligations and international standards;
5. Stresses that a credible democratic process requires an environment in which political parties, civil society and the media are able to carry out their legitimate roles without fear, threats or arbitrary restrictions; calls on the Government to take the necessary measures to ensure that the dissolution of CNRP is swiftly reversed;
6. Reiterates its call on the Cambodian Government to put an end to all forms of harassment, abuse and politically motivated criminal charges against members of the political opposition, human rights defenders, trade unionists and labour rights advocates, land rights and other civil society activists, and journalists, among others; calls on the Government of Cambodia to release, without delay, all citizens who have been detained for exercising their human rights, including James Ricketson, and to drop all charges against them;
7. Supports the decision to suspend EU electoral support to Cambodia; recalls the national and international obligations in relation to democratic principles and fundamental human rights to which Cambodia has committed itself; urges the Cambodian Government to engage in reforms in order to advance democracy and apply internationally recognised minimum standards for future electoral processes, including the organisation of multiparty, free and fair elections, the establishment of a genuinely independent National Election Committee and the involvement of NGOs and the independent media in election monitoring and reporting;
8. Reminds the Cambodian Government that it must fulfil its obligations and commitments in relation to the democratic principles and fundamental human rights, which are an essential component of the EU-Cambodia Cooperation Agreement and the conditions under EBA;
9. Welcomes the recent EU EBA fact‑finding mission to Cambodia and invites the Commission to report the conclusions to Parliament as soon as possible; calls on the Commission to consider possible consequences in the context of the trade preferences Cambodia enjoys, including launching an investigation under the mechanisms provided for in the framework of EBA;
10. Calls on the EEAS and the Commission to compile a list of individuals responsible for the dissolution of the opposition and other serious human rights violations in Cambodia with a view to imposing possible visa restrictions and asset freezes on them;
11. Calls on the Vice‑President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy to closely monitor the situation in Cambodia; calls on the EEAS and the Member States to take action and lead the efforts at the forthcoming 39th session of the UN Human Rights Council towards the adoption of a strong resolution addressing the human rights situation in Cambodia;
12. Calls on the Cambodian Government to renew the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Cambodia upon its expiry on 31 December 2018;
13. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the European External Action Service, the Secretary-General of ASEAN, the governments and parliaments of the Member States and the Government and National Assembly of Cambodia.
China’s growing dominance is met with equally growing concern in Cambodia. Despite the economic gains, too much dependence on China comes with significant commitment and risk. Reliance on China’s aid may induce Cambodia to fall into a debt trap, resulting in a loss of autonomy as a sovereign state and the deterioration of its relations with other ASEAN member states.
The lack of transparency and accountability of China’s projects is also causing social and environmental challenges in Cambodia. Criticism that Chinese companies are racing to exploit Cambodia’s resources while paying little regard to international best development practices are common among civil society actors.
The Kamchay dam, the first large-scale Chinese investment project in Cambodia, is a telling example. The dam destroyed 2000 hectares of productive forest, threatened animal species, lowered water quality and negatively affected the livelihood of local communities.
Chinese firm Union Development was awarded a concession of nearly 40,000 hectares — almost four times the amount allowed under Cambodian law — to develop a multi-billion dollar tourism hub in Cambodia’s Koh Kong province. Human rights groups allege that fishermen who had lived in the area for generations were summarily evicted, taken inland and told that they were now farmers.
Chinese investment in Cambodia’s real estate market is almost exclusively aimed at the Cambodian upper class, as well as Chinese tourists and businessmen. This is driving market prices up, making housing unaffordable for most Cambodians.
Chinese investment is also transforming Sihanoukville, once Cambodia’s premier seaside resort, into a bustling casino town. The unprecedented surge in Chinese tourists and casino development in Sihanoukville is benefitting a small group Cambodia’s rich elite, but many other Cambodians are being driven out of the area by the skyrocketing cost of living.
Even though Chinese investment is bringing wealth to Cambodia, this wealth is mainly kept within Cambodia’s Chinese community. Chinese residents and visitors in Cambodia buy from Chinese businesses, eat in Chinese restaurants and stay in Chinese hotels. The trickle-down effect to local businesses is minimal.
China’s economic power and influence can be a source for sustainable development in Cambodia, but for this to happen requires strong leadership from both countries. Both sides must make concerted efforts to promote transparency, accountability and inclusiveness in development projects.
Shared responsibility and multi-stakeholder partnership should be the guiding principles of foreign investment in Cambodia to ensure that Chinese investment and aid contributes to Cambodia’s economic, social and environmental progress in the long run.
Read the entire article at AsiaForum
Op-Ed: The CEROC
ខ្ញុំបាទខេង គិមស្រ៊ាន ថ្ងៃនេះមានកិត្តិយសតាងនាមអោយគណៈកម្មការដើម្បីសិទ្ធិបោះឆ្នោតរបស់ពលរដ្ឋខ្មែរនៅក្រៅប្រទេសឬដែលហៅកាត់ថាដឺស៊ីរ៉ក់ក៏ដូចជាលោកសេង សុភ័ណដែលជាប្រធាន មកជាវាគ្មិនក្នុងមហាសន្និបាតខ្មែរពិភពលោកលើកទីពីរនៅរដ្ឋមិននីសូតានេះ។
បងប្អូនជនរួមជាតិជាទីគោរពរាប់អាន ពិភពលោកបានចេញចាកផុតពីយុគសង្រ្គាមត្រជាក់ឈានចូលយុគបច្ចុប្បន្ន ហើយកម្ពុជាដ៏អភ័ព មួយនេះបានស្គាល់ពន្លឺប្រជាធិបតេយ្យខ្លះក្រោមការជ្រោមជ្រែងរបស់អង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិអោយមានការបោះឆ្នោតនៅឆ្នាំ១៩៩៣ទៅតាមកិច្ចសន្យា នៃកិច្ចព្រមព្រៀងសន្តិភាពទីក្រុងប៉ារីស២៣ តុលា ១៩៩១។ កាលនោះ ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋខ្មែរនៅក្រៅប្រទេសបានមានសិទ្ធិចូលរួមបោះឆ្នោតយ៉ាងពេញ លេញ តែក្រោយៗមកក្រោមការដឹកនាំនៃគណៈកម្មការជាតិរៀបចំការបោះឆ្នោតឬគជប ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋខ្មែរនៅក្រៅប្រទេសមិនត្រូវបានគេផ្តល់សិទ្ធិ អោយចូលរួមបោះឆ្នោតឡើយ។ ចាប់កំណើតកាលពីឆ្នាំ២០១៤ ស៊ីរ៉ក់បានធ្វើកិច្ចការជាច្រើនក្នុងការធ្វើយុទ្ធនាការប្រមូលញត្តិពីបងប្អូនយើងនៅក្រៅ ប្រទេសទាំងអស់ ក្នុងនោះក៏មានបងប្អូនយើងជាច្រើននៅរដ្ឋមីននីសូតាបានចូលរួមចុះហត្ថលេខា ហើយយើងខ្ញុំសូមថ្លែងអំណរគុណយ៉ាងជ្រាល ជ្រៅនៅទីនេះ, យើងបានជួបពិភាក្សាជាមួយគជបថ្មីមានលោកគួយ ប៊ុនរឿន លោករ៉ុង ឈុនជាដើម ហើយយើងបានសរសេរលិខិតទៅកាន់ប្រធានក្រុម តំណាងរាស្ត្រគណបក្សសំលេងភាគតិចគឺលោកស៊ុន-ឆ័យនៃគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិ។ ពង្រាងច្បាប់មួយបានកើតឡើងដាក់ចូលសភាដើម្បីធ្វើវិសោធ នកម្មតូចមួយដែលអាចអោយពលរដ្ឋខ្មែរនៅក្រៅប្រទេសអាចមានសិទ្ធិបោះឆ្នោតបាន។ តែជាអកុសល ក្រោមការដឹកនាំរបស់លោកហ៊ុន-សែន មិនមែនតែពលរដ្ឋខ្មែរនៅក្រៅប្រទេសទេដែលត្រូវបានគេផាត់ចោលនិងព្រងើយកន្តើយ ពលរដ្ឋខ្មែរនៅក្នុងប្រទេសក៏ត្រូវបានគេលាបព៌ណនិងធ្វើទុក្ខបុកម្នេញគ្រប់បែបយ៉ាងដោយគ្រាន់តែពួកគេមាននិន្នការគាំទ្រគណបក្សជំទាស់ឬនិន្នាការកណ្តាលដូចជាក្រុមសង្គមស៊ីវិល។
មកដល់ថ្ងៃនេះគឺ២៧ឆ្នាំហើយក្រោយកិច្ចព្រមព្រៀងសន្តិភាពទីក្រុងប៉ារីស ដែលប្រទេសកម្ពុជាក្រោមការដឹកនាំរបស់លោកហ៊ុន-សែន បានបំផ្លាញចោលលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យសេរីពហុបក្សចោលដោយសារតែមើលឃើញថាគណបក្សជំទាស់គឺគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិអាចមានប្រជាពល- រដ្ឋគាំទ្រច្រើនជាងខ្លួនបើទុកអោយមានការប្រកួតប្រជែងការបោះឆ្នោតមួយដោយសុក្រឹតត្រឹមត្រូវនិងយុត្តិធម៌។ ការបោះឆ្នោតថ្ងៃ២៩ កក្កដា ២០១៨ គឺជាឆាកល្ងោនប្រជាភិថុតបោកប្រាស់ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋខ្មែរថាមានពហុបក្សតែប៉ុណ្ណោះ។ តែតាមការពិតប្រជាពលរដ្ឋខ្មែរនិងសហគមន៍អន្តរជាតិមិនអាច ទទួលយកបាននូវរបបដឹកនាំបែបឯកបក្សនិងផ្តាច់ការនេះបានទេ។ ក្រោមការជួយជ្រោមជ្រែងពីសហគមន៍អន្តរជាតិជាពិសេសប្រទេសហត្ថលេខីនៃ កិច្ចព្រមព្រៀងសន្តិភាពទីក្រុងប៉ារីស ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋខ្មែរទាំងក្នុងប្រទេសនិងក្រៅប្រទេសប្តេជ្ញាប្តូរប្តាច់អោយមានការបោះឆ្នោតឡើងវិញ មានការចូល រួមពីគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិ មានការដោះលែងលោកកឹម-សុខានិងអ្នកទោសនយោបាយទាំងអស់ ទុកជាមោឃៈនូវច្បាប់ទាំងឡាយណាដែលផ្ទុយ ពីរដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញ និងអនុវត្តន៍ជាក់ស្តែងតាមរដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញដើម្បីអោយតុលាការឯករាជ្យ ពង្រឹងសមត្ថភាពស្ថាប័នព្រះមហាក្សត្រ មន្ត្រីរាជការទាំង ស៊ីវិលនិងកងប្រដាប់អាវុធត្រូវតែអព្យាក្រិត-ឯករាជ្យជាដើម។ សូមអរគុណជាអនេកកប្បការ! ថ្ងៃទី៤ ខែសីហា ២០១៨
View the speech through Youtube Channel of Cambodians Overseas
This analysis, Mr. Sophan emphasized on drifting authoritarian of staunch puppet to both China and Vietnam of Prime Minister Hun Sen in which has possessed deadly side-effect like what was happening during the leadership of Pol Pot (1975-1979). Watching the full analysis in youtube.
Prime Minister Hun Sen told an American filmmaker he is a patriot who resists any foreign influences, despite allegations to the contrary from Cambodia’s opposition and analysts.
PHNOM PENH, CAMBODIA Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen addresses the politically divisive issue of his historic links with the Communist Party of Vietnam by saying he has never been a “puppet” of Hanoi but is a patriot who always resisted foreign influence on Cambodia.
“A number of people claim I am a person who was installed by Vietnam; they also said I am a puppet of Vietnam,” Hun Sen said in unreleased video footage of an interview with American filmmaker Robert Lieberman for his documentary “Angkor Awakens.”
Hun Sen denied the allegations in the interview.
This is the first of a multi-part series, based on a rare video interview with Hun Sen by American filmmaker Robert Lieberman for his 2016 documentary “Angkor Awakens.”
“The reality is that Hun Sen belongs to Cambodia [and] Cambodia needs independence,” the prime minister said. “I also hate those who want to have political influence on Cambodia – we don’t accept it.”
Lieberman conducted the September 24, 2015 interview in a New York hotel. VOA recently obtained the interview from the filmmaker.
For decades, the opposition – the once-formidable royalist party FUNCINPEC, former opposition leader Sam Rainsy, and the now-dissolved Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) – have clung to this and other claims in order to undermine Hun Sen’s image and to tap into lingering anti-Vietnamese nationalism in Cambodia.
Many older opposition members come from an alliance of political groups led by then-Prince Norodom Sihanouk that was based on the Thai-Cambodian border. The alliance battled Vietnam during its occupation of Cambodia from 1978, the final days of the Khmer Rougeregime, to 1989.
Campaigning for Cambodia’s July 29 elections started July 7, but with the Cambodian People’s Party (CPP) government’s decision to ban its only challenger, the CNRP, last year, the role of anti-Vietnamese politics has become somewhat of a moot point.
Hun Sen has mostly ignored the opposition’s accusations that he is a stooge of Hanoi while never hiding his good relations with Vietnam. These go back to 1977 when he and other Khmer Rouge defectors crossed into Vietnam. They were welcomed and trained to form a new Cambodian government that was installed by Vietnam after it ousted the Khmer Rouge regime in January 1979.
Hun Sen became foreign minister and then prime minister in 1985. He has held onto power since with political maneuvering that has won him democratic elections and by crushing opponents with brazen armed force.
FILE – Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen, center right, and his Vietnamese counterpart Nguyen Xuan Phuc, review an honor guard in Hanoi, on Dec. 20, 2016. (Tran Van Minh | AP)
Vietnam backs, not controls, Hun Sen rule
According to a recent publication by Stephen Heder, a respected Cambodia scholar, Hun Sen’s CPP and the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) have long had a “comprehensive relationship” in which they strongly support each other and defend their respective roles from any political challenges.
Hun Sen’s recent banning of the opposition and ongoing crackdown on independent media and civil society would thus have Hanoi’s support, he argues, though that doesn’t mean that Vietnam dominates in Cambodia.
“[K]eeping the CNRP out of power, if necessary by eliminating it from the contest for power, is a strongly shared CPP-CPV common interest that lies at the core of their comprehensive relationship and is most concretely manifest in the relationship between their security forces,” wrote Heder, a research associate at the School of Oriental and African Studies in London. “However, this and other CPP-CPV common interests do not add up to Vietnamese domination of Cambodia, as is shown, inter alia, by Cambodia’s refusal to toe Vietnam’s line on the South China Sea,” according to Heder.
In recent years, Hun Sen’s ever tightening embrace with China has been a point of growing media and diplomatic attention. Beijing has provided support and massive loans for his government as it abandoned Western-backed multiparty democracy, while Hun Sen in turn gives diplomatic support for China’s quest for dominance in the South China Sea region.
Demonstrators set fire to a monument marking Cambodian-Vietnamese friendship in Phnom Penh August 30, 1998. (Reuters)
Cambodia’s relations with Western countries have suffered since 2017, with cuts in donor support and the U.S. recently slapping sanctions on some Cambodian officials. In 2017 alone, China accounted for 30 percent of all investment in China, according to The Asean Post.
Ear Sophal, an associate professor at Los Angeles’ Occidental College who has researched Cambodia’s aid dependency and China’s global resource demand, said Hun Sen’s claim of resisting foreign influence was dispelled by the fact that Vietnam and, more recently, China gained control of large swathes of Cambodia’s natural resources, infrastructure and economy at the expense of ordinary Cambodians.
“Cambodia is now seen as having been for rent for a long time,” he said. “The renter is currently China. Perhaps we can say Vietnam owns Cambodia, while China rents Cambodia from Vietnam.”
Sophal added, “But [Hun Sen] does need more friends than only Vietnam and China – he needs to have Western friends too.”