To Liberate Cambodia

Posted by: | Posted on: January 12, 2018

Op-Ed: GlobalResearch

Cambodian Politics

nonviolent-strategy-wheel-large-picture-kh Politically, Cambodians are largely naïve with most believing that they live in a ‘democracy’ despite the absence of its most obvious hallmarks such as civil and political rights, the separation of powers including an independent judiciary, free and fair elections, the right of assembly and freedom of the press (with the English-language newspaper The Cambodia Daily recently closed down along with some radio stations). And this is an accurate assessment of most members of the political leadership of the CNRP as well.

Despite a 30-year record of political manipulation by Hun Sen and the CPP – during which ‘Hun Sen has made it clear that he does not respect the concept of free and fair elections’: see ‘30 Years of Hun Sen: Violence, Repression, and Corruption in Cambodia’ – which has included obvious corruption of elections through vote-rigging but also an outright coup in 1997 and the imprisonment or exile of opposition leaders since then, most Cambodians and their opposition leaders still participate in the charade that they live in a ‘democracy’ which could result in the defeat of Hun Sen and the CPP at a ‘free and fair’ election. Of course, there are exceptions to this naïveté, as a 2014 article written by Mu Sochua, veteran Cambodian politician and former minister of women’s affairs in a Hun Sen government, demonstrates. See ‘Crackdown in Cambodia’.

Moreover, as Sovannarun has noted: most Cambodians ‘still think international pressure is effective in keeping the CPP from disrespecting democratic principles which they have violated up until this day. Right now they wait for US and EU sanctions in the hope that the CPP will step back.’ See, for example, ‘The Birth of a Dictator’. He asks:

‘Even assuming it works, when will Cambodians learn to rely on themselves when the ruling party causes the same troubles again? Are they going to ask for external help like this every time and expect their country to be successfully democratized?’

The problem, Sovannarun argues, is that

‘Cambodians in general do not really understand what democracy is. Their views are very narrow. For them, democracy is just an election. Many news reports refer to people as “voters” but in Khmer, this literally translates as “vote owners” as if people cannot express their rights or power beside voting.’

Fortunately, recent actions by the CPP have led to opposition leaders and some NGOs finally declaring the Hun Sen dictatorship for what it is. See, for example, ‘The Birth of a Dictator’. But for Sovannarun,

‘democratization ended in 1997. The country should be regarded as a dictatorship since then. The party that lost the election in 1993 still controlled the national military, the police and security force, and the public administration, eventually using military force to establish absolute control in 1997. How is Cambodia still a democracy?’

However, recent comprehensive research undertaken by Global Witness goes even further. Their report Hostile Takeover ‘sheds light on a huge network of secret deal-making and corruption that has underpinned Hun Sen’s 30-year dictatorial reign of murder, torture and the imprisonment of his political opponents’. See ‘Hostile Takeover: The corporate empire of Cambodia’s ruling family’ and ‘Probe: Companies Worth $200M Linked to Cambodian PM’s Family’.

So what are the prospects of liberating Cambodia from its dictatorship?

Read more….

What is happening to the 7 January 2018?

Posted by: | Posted on: January 6, 2018


Amid political stunt of cracking down on Cambodia’s democracy to increase the authoritarian leadership, the new episode of cold war politics in Cambodia has been rewritten to centralize a personal cult of dictatorial behaviour. After exiling Sam Rainsy and jailing Kem Sokha, the dissolution of CNRP was completed; the version of colour revolution and the personal cult narrative are made. But there are something dangerous over there inevitably.

Deadly slope ahead:

Cambodia Governance Dr. Lao Different from the cold war when King Sihanouk allied with China to combat against USA as well as Vietnam allied with Russia to combat against both China and USA, Hun Sen has faced a more deadly bumpy road under current free market political economy. Pol Pot who was spearheaded by China was very disappointing when China didn’t stop Vietnam from invading Cambodia to stop their brutal rule in January 7, 1979. China didn’t care how much Vietnamese conspiracy was strongly built within the Khmer Rouge organization; China has cared only to control them both, Vietnam and Cambodia. Now, with Hun Sen’s administration cracking down a viable political party CNRP that could neutralize brutality in Cambodia, only China has come out to support with promising millions of dollar in aides including releasing a statement to guarantee free and fair election although China has no free and fair election in its country.

The tide of resistance from both domestic forces and international forces will firmly and increasingly position Hun Sen into China’s armpit. But like Pol Pot, China’s interest is first. USA and China cannot retreat themselves from the bonding of free market benefits. If the election will be conducted without the participation of CNRP, the deadly game will be inevitably exploded.

New episode is rewritten:

Cold-War-Map-coloredThis year, the narrative of January 7 is purely boosting Hun Sen as the key actor. The clip was made in English subtitling aiming to lure international forces as well as to appeal voters’ support of CPP’s salvation version while the truth of history of this day is truly spitting on the face of all CPP’s circle elites. Resulting from 2013 national election, and the absence of celebration in January 7, 2014, the effort to light it up this year is remained more deeply suspicious among Cambodia’s voters. Khmer proverb says “don’t try to force someone to believe in you if you are not honestly telling the truth to them”, and “too much lie will defeat yourself”. And it is like what the Premier affirmed himself in the clip “don’t hope that brutality and cruelty can help you keep power. This lesson must be learned deeply. The more dictatorial and the more brutal, the sooner the collapse is.”

The Future Scenarios:

Selling old product of January 7, 1979 of the CPP has been hopeless by the observers as those believers in this day are representing around 30% among all eligible voters. With too overwhelming reversal political strategy of Hun Sen such as self-proclaimed hero, whitening out democratic force, politicizing every breadth of Cambodian society, family built-up wealth, pervasive corruptions, and praising this day of foreign invasion, denying UNTAC etc. shall distance Hun Sen and his regime far away from democratic election more and more. These forces are the extreme that can bring both dead and survival. But how could he hide himself by the shield of China alone?

CNRP has come a long way by its evolutionizing through the trend of the people, but it has less experience in adapting itself to “the survival of the fittest”. The latest tactic of pushing its boat along the stream could greatly benefit its investment, but it is also yielding an unpredictable result. To void this, this party must be more pragmatic in its action plan, long term plan, conviction, and workmanship. The existing system of political structure of Cambodia couldn’t permit free will and free mind of the democrats to exercise their potential fully. The pragmatists see these loopholes as the essential factors to adapt and change from within at the maximum. Now, all existing forces are not yet used. The domestic forces are like laid eggs waiting owner to pick and cook them. The international forces are partly used.

Read more on analysis of January 7 day….

Present Cambodia’s Conundrum and Its Foreseeable Future

Posted by: | Posted on: December 18, 2017


This upcoming election of Senate in February 25, 2018 and national election in July 29, 2018 are very questionable on its legitimacy as the key voters of largest opposition party CNRP (tantalizing of 5007 councillors) have been redistributed to other parties especially to the government-led party CPP and the dissolution as well as the banning of 118 core members of the CNRP. The excuse of law ratifying to redistributing seats (both law-makers in the parliament and the lower governance apparatus commune-Sangkat councillors) has been outraged by both the providence of such law amending and nationwide errs. More than that, the international community has ever come to shoulder to respond to this systemic crackdown on the state of democracy and human rights brokering since the first election in 1993 sponsored by the UNTAC.

The strength on his political manoeuvring of Prime Minister Hun Sen through the backing of China and the resistance to reinstating back to the original course from both Cambodian nationals and international community are likely not in equilibrium. Thus, pragmatists see that this imbalance will lead to an uncontested solution.

The Hun Sen’s Strength:

Cambodia Conundrum 1 Cambodia Conundrum 2 Cambodia Conundrum 3 Cambodia Conundrum 6 Cambodia Conundrum 7Prime Minister Hun Sen has been known for his relentless and successful manoeuvring the tactic of “divide and conquer” on his several political contenders. With the increasing of votes towards the opposition CNRP in both national election 2013 and commune-Sangkat election in 2017, the preparedness and implementation on the dissolution of this largest opposition party has been undertaken. There were no doubts on the amendments by single party (CPP) on several laws such as NGOs laws (LANGO), law of labours unions, law of the press and media (sic), and three times adjustment of the law on political party etc.  Mixing his repeated warnings on war if he lost the election to these efforts on law amendments to sideline his opponent is a concerted effort to substantiate the facade of democracy in Cambodia.

With current state of international competitiveness, China publicly announced its support of the dissolution of the CNRP as well as other jailing and threats on the opposition members. The narrative of colour revolution has been made and publicized at large to apply the course of jailing Kem Sokha, president of the CNRP, and the judgement of the Supreme Court to dissolve the CNRP with the conviction of colour revolution to topple a legitimate government.

In hand, Hun Sen has comforted his zone through high ranking positioning of arm-force from his children, to relatives, and to closest loyalists, on key responsibility such as the bodyguard units, the intelligent police, the national police, the military police, and the army. The coffer’s pockets are full of loyal Oknha (entitlement of Lord to cementing patronage beaurocrats of oligarchy) and the key position of treasurers (money’s controllers) of his trust. The governance system of spreading his loyalists to key positions such as the Royal Palace, the Assembly, the Senate, and the Judiciary, the state’s human rights body, the state’s anti-corruption unit, etc., is tangible.

The Convincible Strength: 

The dissolution of the CNRP and the redistributing all those seats is comfortably with no distress of reprisal is known as the physical “winning” of the battle while the destruction and violation on the rule of law as well as the disrespectful to the half-nationwide-population voice of the Cambodian people is the moral “defeating” of the war. The domestic outcry of the people levelling at the state of silence is one of the testimonies of their political maturity. They are silently ready to exercise their voice through secrete ballots. The international community representing over 70% of the earth surface has come out with concrete actions and action-plans to respond to Hun Sen’s manoeuvring.

Cambodia Conundrum 4 Cambodia Conundrum 5Led by the US and EU, the sanction on individuals of the powerful elites of Hun Sen’s administration is not sufficient. The effort to call for the reconvening of the signatory countries of the Paris Peace Agreements is on pending. It is no doubt that H.E. Pan Sosak, Minister of Commerce, wrote a letter to Prime Minister Hun Sen to tell him the truth on the impact of trade loss sanctioned by the US and EU.  It is no doubt that H.E. Tuy Ry, Cambodian commissioner to the United Nations, wrote letter to the Minister of Foreign Affairs on an invitation to join the discussion among permanent member states led by the US and EU at the United Nations this December 19, 2017. It is no doubt that Prime Minister Hun Sen has come out with different scenarios for the reviving of the opposition party by suggesting them to create a new party.

For trade alone, Cambodia can face trade loss up to 75% for its national revenue earned from trade. This huge wealth of exporting major garment and agriculture products to the market in the US and EU have fed the government, the mouth of Oknhas, as well as the hundred thousands garment workers. There are some explanations to seek substitutes to these losses, but in fact, the pain of individual’s visa ban and asset freezing widening to this trade sanctioning etc., is not yet substantial to the loss of political recognition and legitimacy at the present as well as the future.

At least, one year length that UNs postponed the seat of Cambodia during the coupe detat in 1997.  When the political normality was turned to its course, the seat was returned. This time, the crackdown on democracy is tantamount that no one can underestimate the severe reprisal if political normality is not turned to its level.

PPA campaignDomestically, Cambodian population at large has emerged the youngest bulk representing 65% with under 35 years of age. This generation is self-determination seekers, rebellious to entrenching injustice, and championing of the political maturity. Nevertheless, Cambodians overseas who have been known for their advocacy and campaign for the Paris Peace Accords in 1991, have ever come together in the largest force to pushing for democracy improvement in Cambodia. On the International Human Rights Day 10 December 2017, they have travelled from different corners of North America in unison to the White House in Washington DC. to voice their concerns. Thousands of signing of Cambodian people signed for the reviving of the Paris Peace Agreements. Legally, political, and economical, Cambodia government is an entity of binding with international community standard, this entity is not solely under Cambodia constitution, but no one can manipulate it for the sake of personal wealth and power at all.

ដំណោះ​ស្រាយ​១៣​ចំណុច ដែល​​សភា​​អ៊ឺរ៉ុប​អនុម័ត​ដាក់​ប្រឆាំង​រដ្ឋាភិបាល ហ៊ុន សែន

Posted by: | Posted on: December 17, 2017

EU Resolution on Cambodia 1 EU Resolution on Cambodia 2 EU Resolution on Cambodia 3 EU Resolution on Cambodia 4សេចក្ដីស្នើដំណោះស្រាយ ទាំង១៣ចំណុច លេខ«RC-B8-0686/2017» ត្រូវបានសមាជិកសភាអ៊ឺរ៉ុបជាច្រើនសិបនាក់ ស្នើឡើងតាំងពីច្រើនថ្ងៃហើយ និងរងការកែតម្រូវជាច្រើនដង មុននឹងសេចក្ដីស្នើដំណោះស្រាយនេះ ចេញជាអត្ថបទផ្លូវការ កាលពីថ្ងៃទី១៣ ខែធ្នូ និងក្លាយជាសេចក្ដីសម្រេច លេខ «P8_TA(2017)0497» ដែលត្រូវបានអនុម័ត ជាឯកច្ឆ័ន្ទ និងជាស្ថាពរ ដោយអង្គប្រជុំនៃសភាអ៊ឺរ៉ុប ក្នុងថ្ងៃទី១៤ ខែធ្នូឆ្នាំ២០១៧។ អត្ថបទសេចក្ដីសម្រេច ត្រូវបានសរសេរបកប្រែ ចេញជា២៣ភាសា ដែលជាភាសាផ្លូវការ របស់បណ្ដាប្រទេសសមាជិក ទាំង២៨ (រាប់ទាំងចក្រភពអង់គ្លេស) នៃសហភាពអ៊ឺរ៉ុប។

ផ្ទុយពីការលើកឡើង របស់ប្រព័ន្ធផ្សព្វផ្សាយក្នុងប្រទេសកម្ពុជា ដែលអះអាងថា នេះគ្រាន់តែជា«ការព្រមាន»នោះ សេចក្ដីសម្រេចខាងលើ មានតម្លៃស្មើនឹងច្បាប់ ហើយនឹងចូលជាធរមានភ្លាមៗ សម្រាប់ឲ្យស្ថាប័នអ៊ឺរ៉ុបដែលពាក់ព័ន្ធ យកទៅអនុវត្តន៍ បន្ទាប់ពីអង្គសភាអ៊ឺរ៉ុប បានបោះឆ្នោតអនុម័តរួច។

មុននឹងឈានដល់ដំណោះស្រាយ ទាំង១៣ចំណុច អត្ថបទសេចក្ដីសម្រេច បានសរសេរយោង និងបានឃើញ ពីសន្ធិសញ្ញា កិច្ចព្រមព្រៀង សេចក្ដីប្រកាសរួម ជាលក្ខណៈអន្តរជាតិជាច្រើន ដែលកម្ពុជាបានផ្ដល់សច្ចាប័ន (មានទាំងកិច្ចព្រមព្រៀងសន្តិភាពក្រុងប៉ារីស ឆ្នាំ១៩៩១) ច្បាប់រដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញកម្ពុជា និងយោងតាមមាត្រាមួយចំនួន នៃធម្មនុញ្ញអ៊ឺរ៉ុប ក៏ដូចជាបទបញ្ជាផ្ទៃក្នុង របស់សភាអ៊ឺរ៉ុបនោះផង។ បន្ទាប់មកសេចក្ដីសម្រេចនោះ បានសរសេរគូសបញ្ជាក់ អំពីរាល់ទឡ្ហីករណ៍ សក្ខីកម្ម បញ្ហា ទង្វើ និងសកម្មភាព ដែលទើបនឹងកើតឡើងចុងក្រោយបង្អស់ នៅក្នុងប្រទេសកម្ពុជា ហើយដែលបង្កឲ្យមានដំណើរដើរថយក្រោយ នៃលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ រហូតក្លាយជាវិបត្តិនយោបាយ ដ៏ស្រួចស្រាវក្នុងពេលនេះ។

ពីរដ្ឋធានីប៉ារីស ប្រទេសបារាំង ទស្សនាវដ្ដីមនោរម្យ.អាំងហ្វូ សូមបកប្រែក្រៅផ្លូវការ នូវដំណោះស្រាយទាំង១៣ចំណុចនេះ ជូនប្រិយមិត្តអ្នកអាន ដូចខាងក្រោម៖


១) សំដែងនូវការព្រួយបារម្ភ ដ៏ជ្រាលជ្រៅ បន្ទាប់ពីការរំលាយគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិ – សំដែងនូវការសោកស្ដាយយ៉ាងខ្លាំង ចំពោះការហាមឃាត់គណបក្សនេះ ដែលបង្ហាញពីសញ្ញាមួយ នៃអំណាចផ្ដាច់ការ របស់លោកនាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រី ហ៊ុន សែន – ទាមទារទៅរដ្ឋាភិបាលកម្ពុជា ឲ្យដកចេញវិញ នូវការសម្រេចរំលាយគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិ, ឲ្យសមាជិករបស់គណបក្សនេះ ត្រឡប់ចូលទៅកាន់តំណែង នៅក្នុងរដ្ឋសភាជាតិនិងនៅក្នុងឃុំសង្កាត់វិញ, ឲ្យមានការចូលរួម ដោយពេញលេញ ពីបណ្ដាគណបក្សប្រឆាំងទាំងអស់ នៅក្នុងជីវិភាពសាធារណៈ, ឲ្យធានាបាន នូវសេរីភាពរបស់ប្រព័ន្ធផ្សព្វផ្សាយ និងក្រុមអង្គការសង្គមស៊ីវិល,និងឲ្យបិទបញ្ចប់នូវបរិយាកាសបំភិតបំភ័យ និងការឹតត្បិត ដែលសុទ្ធសឹងជាយន្ដការដ៏ចាំបាច់ សម្រាប់ការរៀបចំការបោះឆ្នោត សេរី បើកចំហរ និងប្រកបដោយតម្លាភាព។

២) បញ្ជាក់ជាថ្មីទៀត ពីការខ្វល់ខ្វាយដ៏ខ្លាំងក្លា ដូចដែលសភាអ៊ឺរ៉ុបធ្លាប់បានលើកឡើង នៅក្នុងដំណោះស្រាយលើកមុនៗហើយ នៅចំពោះការដើរថយក្រោយ និងសភាពកាន់តែអាក្រក់ នៃស្ថានភាពរបស់អ្នកនយោបាយប្រឆាំង ក្រុមសកម្មជនការពារសិទ្ធិមនុស្ស និងសមាជិករបស់អង្គការសង្គមស៊ីវិល នៅប្រទេសកម្ពុជា។

៣) គាំទ្រទាំងស្រុងនូវប្រសាសន៍របស់ស្នងការជាន់ខ្ពស់ របស់អង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិ ទទួលបន្ទុកផ្នែកសិទ្ធិមនុស្ស ទាក់ទងនឹងភាពមិនច្បាស់លាស់ នៃការចោទប្រកាន់ ប្រឆាំងនឹងគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិ និងសមាជិករបស់គណបក្សនេះ ក៏ដូចជាបទបញ្ញត្តិច្បាប់ ដែលត្រូវបានយកមកប្រើប្រាស់ជាមូលដ្ឋាន សម្រាប់រំលាយគណបក្សនេះ។

៤) យល់ឃើញថា តុលាការកំពូលកម្ពុជា បានជ្រៀតជ្រែកដែលមិនអាចទទួលយកបាន ទៅក្នុងសិទ្ធិសេរីភាពរបស់ប្រជាជនកម្ពុជា ដូចជាសិទ្ធិក្នុងការជ្រើសរើសដោយសេរី នូវអ្នកតំណាងផ្នែកនយោបាយរបស់ពួកគេ និងសិទ្ធិក្នុងការបោះឆ្នោត ជ្រើសតាំងអ្នកតំណាងទាំងនោះ សម្រាប់ការបោះឆ្នោតជាតិ ឆ្នាំ២០១៨ – បរិហារពីអវត្តមាន នៃឯករាជ្យភាព និងភាពមិនលំអៀង នៃអំណាចយុត្តិធម៌កម្ពុជា។

៥) ស្នើទៅរដ្ឋាភិបាលកម្ពុជា ឲ្យលុបចោលទាំងអស់ នូវរាល់ច្បាប់ធ្វើវិសោធនកម្មទាំងឡាយ ស្ដីពីគណបក្សនយោបាយ និងស្ដីពីការបោះឆ្នោត ដែល (ការធ្វើវិសោធនកម្មទាំងនោះ) បានកំណត់ព្រំដែន នៃសេរីភាពបញ្ចេញមតិ និងសេរីភាពនយោបាយ។

៦) ថ្កោលទោសយ៉ាងក្លៀវក្លា ការឃាត់ខ្លួនលោក កឹម សុខា និងសកម្មជននយោបាយដទៃទៀត – ទាមទារទៅរដ្ឋាភិបាល ឲ្យលើកចេញជាបន្ទាន់ នូវដីការចាប់ខ្លួន ប្រឆាំងមេដឹកនាំប្រឆាំង លោក សម រង្ស៊ី ក៏ដូចជាការចោទប្រកាន់ទាំងឡាយ ដែលធ្វើឡើងប្រឆាំងរូបលោក, ឲ្យដោះលែងដោយមិនបង្អង់ និងដោយគ្មានលក្ខខណ្ឌ លោក កឹម សុខា និងអ្នកតំណាងរាស្ត្រប្រឆាំងផ្សេងទៀត, និងឲ្យលើកចេញទាំងអស់ នូវការចោទប្រកាន់ទាំងឡាយ ដែលធ្វើប្រឆាំងពួកគេ។

៧) បង្ហាញពីមន្ទិលយ៉ាងធ្ងន់ធ្ងរ ចំពោះភាពទទួលយកបាន និងតម្លាភាព នៃការបោះឆ្នោតជាតិ ឆ្នាំ២០១៨  បន្ទាប់ពីសាលក្រមរបស់តុលាការកំពូល ក្នុងការរំលាយគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិ – សង្កត់ធ្ងន់ថា ដំណើរការបោះឆ្នោត ដែលគណបក្សប្រឆាំងធំជាងគេ  ត្រូវបានគេរំលាយចោលតាមអំពើចិត្តដូច្នេះ មិនមែនជារឿងស្របច្បាប់នោះទេ ហើយការបោះឆ្នោតប្រកបដោយតម្លាភាព និងប្រកបដោយការប្រកួតប្រជែង គឺជារូបធាតុដ៏សំខាន់ ក្នុងការធានាសន្តិភាព និងស្ថេរភាពនៅក្នុងប្រទេស និងតំបន់ទាំងមូល។

៨) ស្វាគមន៍ចំពោះសេចក្តីសម្រេចចិត្ត របស់សហភាពអឺរ៉ុប ក្នុងការព្យួរជំនួយ សម្រាប់ការបោះឆ្នោតទាំងអស់ រហូតទាល់តែកម្ពុជាធ្វើការកែទម្រង់ ស្របតាមស្តង់ដារនៃការបោះឆ្នោតអន្តរជាតិ ដើម្បីជំរុញលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ និងការពារសកម្មភាពស្របច្បាប់ របស់សង្គមស៊ីវិល។

៩) អំពាវនាវដល់អនុប្រធានគណៈកម្មការអ៊ឺរ៉ុប / តំណាងជាន់ខ្ពស់នៃសហភាពអ៊ឺរ៉ុប ទទួលបន្ទុកកិច្ចការបរទេស និងនយោបាយសន្តិសុខ អ្នកស្រី ហ្វេដឺរីកា ម៉ូហ្គេរីនី (Federica Mogherini) ក៏ដូចជាតំណាងពិសេស របស់សហភាពអឺរ៉ុប ទទួលបន្ទុកសិទ្ធិមនុស្ស ក្នុងការប្រើប្រាស់នូវគ្រប់មធ្យោបាយដែលមាន ដើម្បីការពារសិទ្ធិជាមូលដ្ឋាន របស់ប្រជាជនកម្ពុជា ជាពិសេសសិទ្ធិរបស់ពួកគេ ក្នុងការជ្រើសរើសតំណាងនិងសិទ្ធិក្នុងការឈរឈ្មោះជាតំណាង ដើម្បីធានាឲ្យមាន នូវភាពចំរុះនិងគោលការណ៍ប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ ស្របទៅតាមរដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញរបស់ប្រទេសកម្ពុជា។

១០) រំលឹករដ្ឋាភិបាលកម្ពុជា ថាខ្លួនត្រូវតែបំពេញកាតព្វកិច្ច និងការសន្យារបស់ខ្លួន ទាក់ទងនឹងគោលការណ៍លទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ និងសិទ្ធិមនុស្សជាមូលដ្ឋាន ដែលជាធាតុដ៏សំខាន់ នៃកិច្ចព្រមព្រៀងសហប្រតិបត្តិការ (រវាងសហភាពអ៊ឺរ៉ុប និងកម្ពុជា)។

១១) គូសបញ្ជាក់ឲ្យច្បាស់ថា ការគោរពសិទ្ធិមនុស្សជាមូលដ្ឋាន ជាលក្ខខណ្ឌដ៏ចាំបាច់ ដើម្បីឲ្យប្រទេសកម្ពុជាបន្តទទួលបាន ផលប្រយោជន៍ពីកម្មវិធីអនុគ្រោះ ដែលមានឈ្មោះថា «អ្វីៗទាំងអស់លើកលែងតែអាវុធ» របស់សហភាពអឺរ៉ុប – ស្នើទៅអ្នកស្រី ហ្វេដឺរីកា ម៉ូហ្គេរីនី (ដែលមានតំណែង ដូចបានជម្រាបខាងលើរួច) និងស្នងការជាន់ខ្ពស់អ៊ឺរ៉ុប ទទួលបន្ទុកផ្នែកពាណិជ្ជកម្ម អ្នកស្រី អាណា សេស៊ីលីយ៉ា ម៉ាសស្ត្រម(Anna Cecilia Malmström) ឲ្យពិនិត្យឡើងវិញ ដោយមិនបង្អង់យូរ ពីកាតព្វកិច្ចរបស់ប្រទេសកម្ពុជា នៅក្នុងក្របខណ្ឌ នៃអនុសញ្ញាដែលពាក់ព័ន្ធ ដូចមានចែងក្នុងមាត្រា ១៩ នៃកម្មវិធីអនុគ្រោះ «អ្វីៗទាំងអស់លើកលែងតែអាវុធ» – ស្នើដោយទទូចថាប្រព័ន្ធអនុគ្រោះឲ្យរួចពន្ធ ត្រូវបានដកចេញជាបណ្ដោះអាសន្ន ពីប្រទេសកម្ពុជា ប្រសិនណាជាប្រទេសនេះ មិនគោរពកាតព្វកិច្ចរបស់ខ្លួន នៅក្នុងក្របខណ្ឌ នៃអនុសញ្ញាខាងលើ។

១២) អញ្ជើញ«ការិយាល័យអ៊ឹរ៉ុប ដើម្បីកិច្ចការខាងក្រៅ (The European External Action Service ហៅកាត់ EEAS – ហៅកាត់ជាភាសាបារាំង SEAE)» និងគណៈកម្មការអ៊ឺរ៉ុប ឲ្យរៀបចំបញ្ជីឈ្មោះ នៃមន្ត្រីកម្ពុជាទាំងឡាយណា ដែលទទួលខុសត្រូវ ចំពោះការរំលាយគណបក្សប្រឆាំង និងការរំលោភបំពានសិទ្ធិមនុស្សធ្ងន់ធ្ងរដទៃទៀត នៅក្នុងប្រទេសកម្ពុជា ដើម្បីឈានទៅដាក់កំហិត ផ្នែកទិដ្ឋាការ (ហាមឃាត់ចូលទឹកដីអ៊ឺរ៉ុប) និងការបង្កកទ្រព្យសម្បត្តិរបស់ពួកគេ។

១៣) ចាត់ឲ្យប្រធានសភាអ៊ឺរ៉ុប ត្រូវបញ្ជូនច្បាប់នេះ ទៅកាន់ក្រុមប្រឹក្សាអ៊ឺរ៉ុប, ទៅកាន់គណៈកម្មការអ៊ឺរ៉ុប និងអនុប្រធានគណៈកម្មការ / តំណាងជាន់ខ្ពស់ នៃសហភាពអ៊ឺរ៉ុប សម្រាប់កិច្ចការបរទេស និងនយោបាយសន្តិសុខ, ទៅកាន់ការិយាល័យសកម្មភាពខាងក្រៅ របស់សហភាពអឺរ៉ុប, ទៅកាន់អគ្គលេខាធិការ នៃសមាគមប្រជាជាតិអាស៊ីអាគ្នេយ៍ (ASEAN), ទៅកាន់រដ្ឋាភិបាល នៃប្រទេសជាសមាជិក និងទៅកាន់សភា នៃប្រទេសជាសមាជិក របស់សហភាពអ៊ឺរ៉ុប, និងជាចុងក្រោយ ត្រូវបញ្ជូនសេចក្ដីសម្រចដំណោះស្រាយនេះ ទៅកាន់រដ្ឋាភិបាល និងរដ្ឋសភាជាតិកម្ពុជា៕


European Parliament resolution on Cambodia 14th Dec 2017

European Parliament Resolution on Cambodia NGO & Trade Union Law_P8_TA(2015)_0277

European Parliament Resolution on Cambodia Political Situation_P8_TA(2015)0413

European Parliament Resolution on Cambodia_CaseofKemSokha_P8_TA-PROV(2017)0348

European Parliament Resolution on Cambodia_LANGO&Union&AssociationLaw_P8_TA(2016)0274

Letter from Members of Parliament around the world to Prime Minister Hun Sen to reverse his dictatorship machine

Posted by: | Posted on: December 11, 2017

His Excellency Samdech Techo Hun Sen

Prime Minister Kingdom of Cambodia

4 December 2017

Dear Prime Minister Hun Sen,

Letter of World MPs to Hun Sen We, the undersigned parliamentarians from around the globe, write to express our deep concern over the arrest and detention of H.E. Mr. Kem Sokha, leader of the opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) and a longtime human rights defender and advocate for democracy, three months ago.

Having reviewed the information available regarding his case, and taking note of the evidence submitted thus far by the government regarding his alleged guilt, we have serious concerns regarding the validity of the charges against him. We are also extremely concerned by reports that his arrest and detention were undertaken in violation of his parliamentary immunity and have failed to uphold basic principles of fair trial and the rule of law. These procedural concerns, in addition to the lack of evidence to substantiate charges of treason and the wider climate of repression of the opposition, lead us to believe that his arrest is likely politically motivated.

We are aware that national elections are scheduled for July 2018, and hope to ensure that they are genuine, participatory, and inclusive. But we strongly believe that this cannot happen if there is no legitimate opposition that is able to campaign for election. We are therefore alarmed by the decision of the Supreme Court to dissolve the CNRP, following a motion by your government, in addition to the amendment of electoral laws redistributing the CNRP’s parliamentary seats and local offices to other political parties including the ruling Cambodian People’s Party (CPP). We strongly believe that the dissolution of the CNRP, in addition to the continued detention of Mr. Kem Sokha, makes it impossible for next year’s elections to be considered free and fair.

Twenty-six years ago, the international community came together for the Paris Peace Conference and pledged to support Cambodia’s goal of building a genuine, multi-party democracy in the aftermath of years of war and turmoil. We – and the people we represent – are committed to helping your country achieve these aims. But this can only happen if basic democratic norms and principles are restored.

In line with these concerns, we the undersigned parliamentarians respectfully request that the Cambodian government undertake the following measures with the utmost urgency:

  • Immediately and unconditionally release Kem Sokha from prison and drop all charges against him, as well as those against other opposition parliamentarians;
  • Immediately reverse the decision to dissolve the CNRP and reinstate all CNRP elected leaders to their positions in Parliament and at the local level;
  • Repeal all recent amendments to the Law on Political Parties and to electoral laws; and
  • Recommit to working with the international community to ensure that next year’s national elections are genuine, participatory, and inclusive.

Yours sincerely,

Abdullah Sani Abdul Hamid, Member of Parliament, Malaysia

Ahmed Munzoor Shaik Emam, Member of Parliament, South Africa

Alan Lowenthal, Member of the House of Representatives, United States of America

Alessia Mosca, Member of the European Parliament, Italy

Alice Lau Kiong Yieng, Member of Parliament, Malaysia

Ana Gomes, Member of the European Parliament, Portugal

André Gattolin, Senator, France

Read More …

A checklist for identifying a dictator and a checklist to respond to a dictator

Posted by: | Posted on: November 21, 2017


Op-Ed: One Million Signatures for the 26th Anniversary of the Paris Peace Agreement

Hun Sen’s recent action to dissolve Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) is a gross violation of Cambodia constitution and the will of the Cambodian people. This action is grossly against the spirit of Paris Peace Agreement. His move is to bolster his dictatorship. Beside of accelerating our petition to submit to the UNs during this December 10, 2017 of World Human Right Day, following are some tips to deal with a dictator.

A Checklist for identifying a dictator:
All dictators, past and present, follow a checklist of sorts to gain, and retain, power:
1. Frighten the population with talk of crime and social unrest, then present himself as the only person capable of protecting them.
2. Blame society’s ills on foreigners, immigrants and “others” who do not look, sound or act like himself and his core followers.
3. Control the mass media by disparaging any news outlet that is critical of his agenda.
4. Create distrust of the judicial system and any other governmental institution not under his direct control.
5. Indulge in character assassination against all individuals who oppose him.
6. Create his own narrative, with no regard to the truth, in order to obtain the adoration and unquestioning support of those sufficiently naive to believe him.

A checklist to respond to a dictator:

1. Using our purchasing power to boycott all products supplied by the dictators’ family, patrons, and networks.
2. Avoiding to join any meeting or gathering by the dictator or his networks.
3. Increasing on non-complying, non-cooperative, and voting out of the dictator.

1. Cutting all foreign aids
2. Imposing sanctions and economic embargoing
3. Cutting trade privileges and preferential duty free
4. Visa ban and asset/bank account freezing for all deposits of the dictator and his accomplice in those democratic countries

You are part of these check lists to teach a lesson to dictator of Cambodia. Please share more to drive our petition!