Analysis of Political Landscape of Cambodia during Post Election

strategies-for-change When I was a Buddhist monk, first I believe that Nibbana is a perfectionist state of mind and matter. But after I perceived on the teaching of moderation and middle path, Nibbana is just a by-product of middle path, neither materialism extreme nor self-indulgence of austerity extreme can lead us to Nibbana.
 
As we were at the American university, liberal democracy and egalitarian concept, draw us a lot of attention. I can see that this country has applied middle part for their ongoing success of serving the people (serving both material and spiritual need). 
 
Free and fair election is the concept of building spiritual or emotional need for the people. According to Buddha, when people have obtained well-materialized freedom, they are rich with wisdom and emotional satisfaction. I believe in this case as Cambodian people especially youths must be able to receive some level of freedom, fairness and confidence.
 
From what I saw the sea of people particularly youths came out from their nests to the public street for change is phenomenal in Cambodia. Those youths were distorted by mainstream atmosphere in building their confidence, but now they come out by themselves to explore self-oriented confidence.
 
CPP has likely carried the policy of censorship, but those youths are struggling to seek freedom by exposing support to the CNRP. This is the myth of social science.
 
Until now, I can say NEC and CPP, from their previous policy and performance, have lost credential among those young voters. If I take election outcome as my scientific assessment, NEC needs to build their credential and CPP must do at the same effort. But I don’t think CPP will arrive a stage of party dissolution. However, leadership within the party must be re-arranged or reshuffled. My only one intention for this proposal is to build “credential” and “confidence” back.
 
For CNRP, this party has gained momentum from at least four scenarios:
– Social myth among youths who are crying for change for a better dream and goal of life
– The unification of two meritocratic leaders
– 7 key points and concise policy
– Build up strong and sound voice of nationalism in which CPP has long time neglected it especially about the illegal immigrants and border scheme solution with Vietnam.
 
What is next?
 
There are pros and cons for CNRP to be a coalition or independent. If CNRP will win the 63 seats or up as demanding on the irregularities of the election, it is pragmatically to have CPP to join for coalition government. But if CNRP can retain only 55-56 seats while CPP is still maintaining the same 67-68 seats as publicly announced, the coalition government is not pragmatic for the CNRP. Hence, the opposition CNRP must be able to ensure that arm force is independent, court is independent, NEC is reliable and credible, TVK is neutral, corruption must be effectively implemented, law on immigration and the citizen application must be enforced, the 7 key points of economic development must be practical, and the unity of internal CNRP must be strong etc. in order to take a lead for 2018 election and able to build its own government.
 
One of the above factors, CNRP is a party of arm-less group and they are backed by the force of civil people. Political scientists have always balanced civility and the militia at the same importance on advancing political progress. As we all know, Cambodia at present is well-known for partial arm forces. If the current election result is assaulted by the heavy mobilization of the military, how could we know that the 2018 election will be a free lunch from that?
 
Peace,
Sophoan
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Secretary-General welcomes Cambodian elections

Secretary-General welcomes Cambodian elections

Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon briefs the press. UN Photo/Rick Bajornas

3 August 2013 – United Nation Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has welcomed the peaceful conduct of elections in Cambodia and encouraged the competent authorities to deal fairly and transparently with any complaints of irregularities.

“The Secretary-General welcomes the peaceful conduct of the elections in Cambodia on 28 July,” said a statement issued last evening by the office of the UN chief’s spokesperson.

UN Statement“Amid reports of irregularities, the United Nations encourages the competent authorities to adjudicate complaints fairly and transparently, with the ultimate aim of ensuring the accurate determination of, and respect for, the will of the Cambodian people,” the statement said, adding that Mr. Ban continues to follow the situation in the country closely.

Source: UN RFI

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Preliminary result of national election by NEC

Dear All,

NEC Election Results (Khmer)Please see below the NEC preliminary election results of popular votes by province. The CPP receives 3,227,729 and the CNRP receives 2,941,133.  As you are aware, the NEC has agreed to compare their results with those of the parties, starting from August 3. The original Khmer version of the results is attached.

5th National Assembly Elections (2013-2018)
Preliminary Results

   

No.

Province

Political Party

CNP

FCP

RDP

CPP

EDP

KAPP

CNRP

LDP

1

Banteaymeanchey

1,768

30,106

1,963

148,648

1,433

64,663

2,388

2

Battambang

2,578

15,585

3,228

223,536

2,945

162,170

8,755

3

Kampong Cham

6,473

26,879

374,559

8,899

456,395

6,913

4

Kampong Chhang

1,278

14,537

1,317

123,322

1,804

1,441

96,038

1,616

5

Kampong Speu

1,958

12,448

2,148

180,103

3,103

2,473

186,966

4,007

6

Kampong Thom

2,326

22,934

2,740

128,799

4,127

2,344

115,880

2,634

7

Kampot

1,473

11,335

2,106

147,305

3,055

2,074

125,320

2,450

8

Kandal

2,150

8,218

1,444

261,624

3,284

2,524

365,401

4,062

9

Koh Kong

377

1,527

386

28,632

341

11,017

439

10

Kratie

1,315

4,675

1,260

69,520

1,209

59,477

1,188

11

Mondulkiri

366

953

377

17,220

4,248

216

12

Phnom Penh

1,247

7,805

1,020

254,210

1,998

381,756

4,890

13

Preah Vihear

998

4,430

1,423

53,683

888

19,051

1,067

14

Prey Veng

3,584

13,196

2,343

251,902

3,462

287,858

6,670

15

Pursat

731

3,382

1,203

142,134

1,305

832

48,417

1,242

16

Ratanakiri

582

1,913

791

39,473

406

7,811

494

17

Siem Reap

3,239

30,135

4,362

193,393

3,791

140,739

11,319

18

Preah Sihanouk

461

2,304

607

50,110

555

30,560

679

19

Steung Treng

500

2,544

571

33,932

312

6,962

375

20

Svay Rieng

1,722

6,377

1,659

183,258

1,674

99,609

2,479

21

Takeo

1,706

14,238

2,306

243,693

3,193

2,441

235,796

3,698

22

Kep

101

739

14,301

209

4,165

109

23

Pailin

142

707

166

16,536

149

8,959

258

24

Oddar Meanchey

888

4,899

1,149

47,836

912

21,875

1,719

 

Total

37,963

241,866

34,569

3,227,729

19,871

43,312

2,941,133

69,667

    Source: National Election Committee
Best,
Socheata
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Numeral Systems concerning Cambodian National Assembly

Numeral Systems concerning Cambodian National Assembly:

120 MPs:
➢To create new Parliament
➢The National Assembly shall comprise at least 120 members (Article 76)

50%+1 of Total MPs:
➢To create new government alone
➢The National Assembly can dismiss a Member of the Royal Government or remove the Royal Government from office by voting a motion of censure at the absolute majority of all its Members. (Article 98 new)

2/3 of Total MPs:
➢Against the suspension of parliament immunity (Article 80)
➢The revision or the amendment of the Constitution (Article 151 new-former Article 132)
➢Make law
➢The declaration on the prorogation of the National Assembly’s legislature must be adopted by at least two-third of all its Members. (Article 78)

1/4 of Total MPs:
➢Initiative of the revision or the amendment of the Constitution belongs to the King, to the Prime Minister and to the President of the National Assembly on the proposal from one-fourth of all the National Assembly’s Members.

7/10 of Total MPs : (Principle 47 of THE INTERNAL REGULATIONS OF THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY OF THE KINGDOM OF CAMBODIA)
➢The quorum for meeting must consists of 7/10 of MPs.

3/4 of Total MPs: (Article 80)
➢The detention of, the prosecution against any National Assembly’s Member shall be suspended, if the National Assembly so decided by three-forth majority of all its Members.

1/3 of Total MPs: (Article 83)
➢Upon the request from the King or upon the proposal of the Prime Minister or of at least one-third of the National Assembly’s Members, the Standing Committee of the National Assembly shall convene an extraordinary session of the National Assembly.

1/10 of Total MPs:
➢Upon the request from at least one-tenth of its Members, the National Assembly can invite a high-ranking personality to come and clarify on issue of particular importance. (Article 89)
➢The National Assembly can convene in camera at the request of the President or of at least one-tenth of its Members, of the King or of the Prime Minister. [Article 88 new (two)]

Source: Facebook (Ou Rithy)

NATIONAL CONSTITUTION of CAMBODIA

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